Trimeresurus buniana (GRISMER, GRISMER & MCGUIRE, 2006)
Can you confirm these amateur observations of Trimeresurus buniana?
|Higher Taxa||Viperidae, Crotalinae, Colubroidea, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)|
|Common Names||The Fairy Pitviper|
|Synonym||Popeia buniana GRISMER, GRISMER & MCGUIRE 2006|
Trimeresurus bunianus — DAVID et al. 2009
Trimeresurus (Popeia) buniana — DAVID et al. 2011
Popeia buniana — WALLACH et al. 2014: 575
|Distribution||West Malaysia (Pahang: Pulau Tioman)|
Type locality: Tekek-Juara Trail at 2° 49’.18.0”N x 104° 10’28.5”E at 295 m elevation, Pulau Tioman, Pahang State, West Malaysia.
|Types||Holotype: ZRC 2.6176, adult male.|
Diagnosis. Popeia buniana is significantly different (p<0.008) from all other species of the popeiorum complex by having more ventral scales (170–174, x=171.8; sd=2.06); the facial pit being closer to the eye (DETP/DETN: 0.22–0.33, x=0.28, sd=0.027); and having a relatively thinner internasal scale (WInN/WsupOc: 0.9–1.2, x=1.08, sd=0.06). Male P. buniana differ from male P. barati, P. popeiorum, and P. sabahi in having significantly fewer subcaudal scales (76–78, x=77.3, sd=1.62). Male P. buniana have a significantly shorter head (HL/SVL; 0.44–0.47, x=0.46, sd=0.023) than that of male P. barati or P. nebularis and they have a significantly longer tail (Tal/TL: 0.22–0.23, x=0.22, sd=0.006) than that of male P. nebularis and P. popeiorum. Male P. buniana differ from male P. barati, P. nebularis, and P. sabahi in having a postorbital stripe as opposed to lacking a stripe; from P. fucata in lacking white, vertebral spots as opposed to having spots; and from P. nebularis in having a bicolored, ventrolateral stripe as opposed to having a white or blue stripe. Female P. buniana differ from female P. barati and P. nebularis in having a white, ventrolateral stripe as opposed to not having stripes. Popeia buniana differs from P. popeiorum in that the ventrolateral stripe covers 50% of the scale in the first dorsal scale row as opposed to covering 100% of the scale [from GRISMER et al. 2006].
|Etymology||The specific epithet is derived from the Malay word “bunian”, which is a small, feminine, mischievous, elf or fairy-like spirit believed to inhabit the forests.|
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