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Trimeresurus cantori (BLYTH, 1846)

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Higher TaxaViperidae, Crotalinae, Serpentes (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesCantor's Pit Viper 
SynonymTrigonocephalus cantori BLYTH 1846: 377
Trimeresurus viridis var. cantori BLYTH 1860
Lachesis cantoris BOULENGER 1896
Trimeresurus cantoris STOLICZKA 1870
Trimeresurus cantori — SMITH 1943: 519
Trimeresurus cantori — WELCH 1994: 113
Trimeresurus cantori — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 330
Trimeresurus cantori — GUMPRECHT et al. 2004
Cryptelytrops cantori — MALHOTRA & THORPE 2004
Trimeresurus (Trimeresurus) cantori — DAVID et al. 2011 
DistributionIndia (Nicobar Island)

Type locality: Nicobar Islands.  
Typesholotype: ZSI 2959 
CommentVenomous! Has been reported from the Andman Islands but not listed by DAS 1999.

This species is extremely variable and occrus in several color morphs, including green, brownish, and dark grey varieties (see VIJAYAKUMAR & DAVID 2006 for photos). 
EtymologyEtymology: Named after Theodore E. Cantor (1809 - 1860), Danist naturalist serving as a surgeon with the East India Company in Calcutta. 
References
  • Blyth, E. 1846. Notes on the fauna of the Nicobar islands. J. Asiat. Soc. Beng., 15: 377
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1896. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum, Vol. 3. London (Taylor & Francis), xiv + 727 pp. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, George A. 1890. The Fauna of British India, Including Ceylon and Burma. Reptilia and Batrachia. Taylor & Francis, London, xviii, 541 pp. - get paper here
  • Das, I. 1999. Biogeography of the amphibians and reptiles of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, India. In: Ota,H. (ed) Tropical Island herpetofauna..., Elsevier, pp. 43-77 - get paper here
  • DAVID, PATRICK; GERNOT VOGEL & ALAIN DUBOIS 2011. On the need to follow rigorously the Rules of the Code for the subsequent designation of a nucleospecies (type species) for a nominal genus which lacked one: the case of the nominal genus Trimeresurus Lacépède, 1804 (Reptilia: Squamata: Viperidae) Zootaxa 2992: 1–51 - get paper here
  • Grismer, L. Lee; Tri, Ngo Van; Grismer, Jesse L. 2008. A new species of insular pitviper of the genus Cryptelytrops (Squamata: Viperidae) from southern Vietnam. Zootaxa 1715: 57-68 - get paper here
  • Gumprecht, A.; Tillack, F.; Orlov, N.L.; Captain, A. & Ryabow, S. 2004. Asian pitvipers. Geitje Books, Berlin, 368 pp.
  • Malhotra, Anita & Thorpe, Roger S. 2004. A phylogeny of four mitochondrial gene regions suggests a revised taxonomy for Asian pitvipers (Trimeresurus and Ovophis). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 32: 83 –100 [erratum p. 680] - get paper here
  • McDiarmid,R.W.; Campbell,J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • Parkinson,C.L. 1999. Molecular systematics and biogeographical history of pitvipers as determined by mitochondrial ribosomal DNA sequences. Copeia 1999 (3): 576-586 - get paper here
  • Sharma, R. C. 2004. Handbook Indian Snakes. AKHIL BOOKS, New Delhi, 292 pp.
  • Smith, M.A. 1943. The Fauna of British India, Ceylon and Burma, Including the Whole of the Indo-Chinese Sub-Region. Reptilia and Amphibia. 3 (Serpentes). Taylor and Francis, London. 583 pp.
  • Vijayakumar, S. P. and Patrick David 2006. Taxonomy, Natural History, and Distribution of the Snakes of the Nicobar Islands (INDIA), based on new materials and with an Emphasis on endemic species. Russian Journal of Herpetology 13 (1): 11 – 40
  • Wall, F. 1906. The poisonous snakes of India and how to recognize them, Part II. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 17: 299-334 - get paper here
  • Whitaker, Romulus<br />and Ashok Captain 2004. Snakes of India. Draco Books, 500 pp. - get paper here
 
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