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Trimeresurus hageni (LIDTH DE JEUDE, 1886)

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Higher TaxaViperidae, Crotalinae, Serpentes (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Indonesian Pit Viper, Hagen’s pitviper
G: Hagens Bambusotter 
SynonymBothrops hageni LIDTH DE JEUDE 1886: 54
Bothrops hageni - HAGEN 1890
Lachesis hageni - LIDTH DE JEUDE 1922
Trimeresurus hageni - BRONGERSMA 1933
Trimeresurus erythrurus var. ? (nec Trigonocephalus erythrurus CANTOR 1839) - MÜLLER 1887
Lachesis sumatranus (nec Coluber sumatranus RAFFLES 1822) - BOULENGER 1896
Trimeresurus sumatranus (RAFFLES 1822) (partim) - TAYLOR 1965
Trimeresurus hageni — GRANDISON 1972: 93
Trimeresurus hageni — WELCH 1994: 115
Trimeresurus hageni — MANTHEY & GROSSMANN 1997: 408
Trimeresurus hageni — COX et al. 1998: 22
Trimeresurus hageni — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 335
Parias hageni — MALHOTRA & THORPE 2004
Trimeresurus (Parias) hageni — DAVID et al. 2011 
DistributionIndonesia (Batu, Bangka, Mentawai, Nias, Simalur = Simeulue, Sumatra),
W Malaysia, S Thailand

Type locality: Sumatra and the island of Banka. [= Bangka] Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
TypesSyntypes: RMNH, 8 from Sumatra and 1 from Bangka. Brongersma (1933:7) indicated that all Sumatra specimens were from Deli [RMNH 819 (1); RMNH 5587 (6); RMNH 4985 (1)]; apparently he did not examine the syntype from the island of Bangka. Golay et al. (1993: 100]) listed RMNH 819, 4985, and 17191 as types; perhaps the island of Bangka specimen is RMNH 17191. Lectotype RMNH 819, apparently designated by Brongersma (1933:7). 
CommentVenomous! Has been confused with T. sumatranus. 
References
  • Chan-ard,T.; Grossmann,W.; Gumprecht,A. & Schulz,K. D. 1999. Amphibians and reptiles of peninsular Malaysia and Thailand - an illustrated checklist [bilingual English and German]. Bushmaster Publications, Würselen, Gemany, 240 pp. [book review in Russ. J Herp. 7: 87] - get paper here
  • Cox, Merel J.; Van Dijk, Peter Paul; Jarujin Nabhitabhata & Thirakhupt,Kumthorn 1998. A Photographic Guide to Snakes and Other Reptiles of Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore and Thailand. Ralph Curtis Publishing, 144 pp.
  • DAVID, PATRICK; GERNOT VOGEL & ALAIN DUBOIS 2011. On the need to follow rigorously the Rules of the Code for the subsequent designation of a nucleospecies (type species) for a nominal genus which lacked one: the case of the nominal genus Trimeresurus Lacépède, 1804 (Reptilia: Squamata: Viperidae). Zootaxa 2992: 1–51 - get paper here
  • David,P. & Vogel,G. 1996. The snakes of Sumatra. An annotated checklist and key with natural history notes. Bücher Kreth, Frankfurt/M.
  • Golay,P, H.M. SMITH, D.G. BROADLEY, J. R. DIXON, C., MCCARTHY, J. C. RAGE, B. SCHÀTTI & M.TORIBA 1993. Endoglyphs and other major venomous snakes of the world. A checklist. Aire-Genève, Azemiops S. A. Herpetological Data Center: i-xv + 1-478.
  • Grandison, A.G.C. 1972. The Gunong Benom Expedition 1967. 5. Reptiles and amphibians of Gunong Benom with a description of a new species of Macrocalamus. Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Zool.), London, 23: 45-101.
  • Gumprecht, A.; Tillack, F.; Orlov, N.L.; Captain, A. & Ryabow, S. 2004. Asian pitvipers. Geitje Books, Berlin, 368 pp.
  • Gumprecht,A. 2001. Die Bambusottern der Gattung Trimeresurus Lacépède Teil IV: Checkliste der Trimeresurus-Arten Thailands. Sauria 23 (2): 25-32 - get paper here
  • Guo, P.; Jadin, R.C.; Malhotra, A. & Li, C. 2009. An investigation of the cranial evolution of Asian pitvipers (Serpentes: Crotalinae), with comments on the phylogenetic position of Peltopelor macrolepis. Acta Zoologica 91: 402-407
  • Laita, Mark 2013. Serpentine. Abrams and PQ Blackwell, Auckland, New Zealand, 200 unnumbered pages
  • Lidth DE JEUDE, T.W. VAN 1922. Snakes from Sumatra. Zool. Meded., Leiden, 6: 239-253. - get paper here
  • Lidth de Jeude,T. W. van 1886. Note X. On Cophias wagleri BOIE and Coluber sumatranus RAFFLES. Notes from the Leyden Museum 8: 43-54 - get paper here
  • Malhotra, Anita & Thorpe, Roger S. 2004. A phylogeny of four mitochondrial gene regions suggests a revised taxonomy for Asian pitvipers (Trimeresurus and Ovophis). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 32: 83 –100 [erratum p. 680] - get paper here
  • Manthey, U. & Grossmann, W. 1997. Amphibien & Reptilien Südostasiens. Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 512 pp. - get paper here
  • McDiarmid,R.W.; Campbell,J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • Orlov, N.; Ananjeva, N.; Barabanov, A.; Ryabov, S. & Khalikov, R. 2002. Diversity of vipers (Azemiopinae, Crotalinae) in East, Southeast, and South Asia: annotated checklist and natural history data (Reptilia: Squamata: Serpentes: Viperidae). Faun. Abh. Mus. Tierk. Dresden 23: 177-218
  • Ryabov, Sergei A., Nicolai L. Orlov, Dmitry J. Panteleev and Konstantin A. Shiryaev. 2003. Trimeresurus hageni, Trimeresurus puniceus, and Trimeresurus sumatranus (Ophidia: Viperidae: Crotalinae): The data on reproductive biology and methods of captive breeding in laboratory conditions. Russ. J. Herpetol. 9 (3): 243-254 [2002] - get paper here
  • Vonk, F.J. et al. 2008. Evolutionary origin and development of snake fangs. Nature 454: 630-633
 
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