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Trimeresurus mutabilis STOLICZKA, 1870

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Higher TaxaViperidae, Crotalinae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Central Nicobar Pit Viper, Central Nicobar bamboo pitviper 
SynonymTrimeresurus mutabilis STOLICZKA 1870: 219
Trimeresurus mutabilis STOLICZKA 1870: 108
Trimeresurus mutabilis — VOGEL et al. 2014
Trimeresurus (Trimeresurus) mutabilis— MIRZA et al. 2023 
DistributionIndia (Central Nicobar Island)

Type locality: Nicobar Islands; restricted to “Camorta Island, in the central Nicobars” by VOGEL et al. 2014.  
TypesLectotype: NMW 14863: 1 (formerly a series of syntypes: BMNH 1940.3.9.50, ZSI 3083-87, NMW 14863: 1-6); Indraneil Das (pers. comm., cited in McDiarmid et al. 1999: 337) reported ZSI 2950-2951, as additional syntypes. 

Synonymy: This species has been considered as a synonym of Trimeresurus labialis (e.g. by WALLACH et al. 2014: 742) but was revalidated by VOGEL et al. 2014.

Habitat: partly arboreal (Harrington et al. 2018). 
  • Gemel, R.; G. Gassner & S. Schweiger 2019. Katalog der Typen der Herpetologischen Sammlung des Naturhistorischen Museums Wien – 2018. Ann. Naturhist. Mus. Wien, B 121: 33–248
  • Harrington, Sean M; Jordyn M de Haan, Lindsey Shapiro, Sara Ruane 2018. Habits and characteristics of arboreal snakes worldwide: arboreality constrains body size but does not affect lineage diversification. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 125 (1): 61–71 - get paper here
  • Mirza ZA, H. T. Lalremsanga, Bhosale H, Gowande G, Patel H, Idiatullina SS, Poyarkov NA 2023. Systematics of Trimeresurus popeiorum Smith, 1937 with a revised molecular phylogeny of Asian pitvipers of the genus Trimeresurus Lacépède, 1804 sensu lato. Evolutionary Systematics 7(1): 91-104 - get paper here
  • Sclater, W. L. 1891. List of snakes in the Indian Museum. Trustees of the Indian Museum, Calcutta, 79 pp. - get paper here
  • Stoliczka, F. 1870. Observations of some Indian and Malayan Amphibia and Reptilia (abstract). Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (4) 6: 105-109 - get paper here
  • Stoliczka, F. 1870. Observations on some Indian and Malayan Amphibia and Reptilia. J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal 39: 134-228. - get paper here
  • Tiedemann, F., and M. Häupl 1980. Typenkatalog der herpetologischen Sammlung. [type catalogue] Kat. wiss. Samml. Naturhist. Mus. Wien 4 (Vertebrata 2): 1-80
  • Ukuwela, K.D.B., de Silva, A., Sivaruban, A. et al. 2022. Diversity, distribution, and natural history of the marine snakes of Sri Lanka. Marine Biodiversity 52, 24 (2022) - get paper here
  • VOGEL, GERNOT; PATRICK DAVID, S. R. CHANDRAMOULI 2014. On the systematics of Trimeresurus labialis Fitzinger in Steindachner, 1867, a pitviper from the Nicobar Islands (India), with revalidation of Trimeresurus mutabilis Stoliczka, 1870 (Squamata, Viperidae, Crotalinae). Zootaxa 3786 (5): 557–573 - get paper here
  • Werner, F. 1927. Neue oder wenig bekannte Schlangen aus dem Wiener naturhistorischen Staatsmuseum (III. Teil). Sitzungsb. Akad. Wiss. Wien, Math. Naturwiss. Kl. 143 [135?]: 243-257 [1926] - get paper here
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