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Higher TaxaViperidae, Crotalinae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Salazar’s pit viper 
SynonymTrimeresurus salazar MIRZA, BHOSALE, PHANSALKAR, SAWANT, GOWANDE & PATEL 2020
Trimeresurus salazar — VOGEL et al. 2022
Trimeresurus (Trimeresurus) salazar— MIRZA et al. 2023 
DistributionIndia (Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur)

Type locality: outskirts of Pakke Tiger Reserve, 0.64 nautical miles (1.19 km) north of Seijosa, East Kameng district, Arunachal Pradesh (26.968790N, 93.013984E, elevation 172 m a.s.l, datum WGS84), India.  
TypesHolotype. BNHS 3554, adult male, collected by Harshal Bhosale, Pushkar Phansalkar, Mandar Sawant, and Zeeshan Mirza on 1 July 2019.
Paratype. BNHS 3555, adult female same data as for the holotype but collected on 5 July 2019.
Additional specimens: ZMUC 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: A species of the genus Trimeresurus with (1) 1st supralabial fused with nasal; (2) 19–21 moderately keeled dorsal scale rows at midbody; (3) dorsal colouration greenish yellow in both sexes; (4) an orange to reddish stripe extends from the posterior borders of the preocular, running through the lower margin of the eyes to the lateral side of the nape in males; (5) ventrolateral stripe predominantly yellow with a faint orange at the base in males, yellow in females; (6) tail to total length ratio (TaL/TL) 0.18 in males, 0.14 in females; (7) short, bilobed hemipenis reaching 8th caudal scale; (8) 6 palatine, 15 pterygoid and 19 dentary teeth. 
CommentDistribution: See map in Vogel et al. 2023: 529 (Fig. 5) for localities. 
EtymologyThe specific epithet is a noun in apposition for J.K. Rowling’s fictional Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry’s co-founder, Salazar Slytherin, in Harry Potter. He was a Parselmouth that links him to serpents. 
  • Chandramouli SR, Campbell PD, Vogel G. 2020. A new species of green pit viper of the genus Trimeresurus Lacépède, 1804 (Reptilia: Serpentes: Viperidae) from the Nicobar Archipelago, Indian Ocean. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 14(3) [Taxonomy Section]: 169–176 (e264) - get paper here
  • Elangbam, P. S., Biakzuala, L., Shinde, P., Decemson, H., Vabeiryureilai, M., & Lalremsanga, H. T. 2023. Addition of four new records of pit vipers (Squamata: Crotalinae) to Manipur, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa, 15(6), 23315-23326 - get paper here
  • Gogoi, Tikendrajit; Manab Jyoti Kalita & Sanghamitra Buragohain 2023. Recent rare sightings of four different snakes in Gauhati University Campus, Assam, India. Reptile Rap #234, In: Zoo’s Print 38(5): 08-11
  • Mirza ZA, Bhosale HS, Phansalkar PU, Sawant M, Gowande GG, Patel H 2020. A new species of green pit vipers of the genus Trimeresurus Lacépède, 1804 (Reptilia, Serpentes, Viperidae) from western Arunachal Pradesh, India. Zoosystematics and Evolution 96(1): 123-138 - get paper here
  • Mirza ZA, H. T. Lalremsanga, Bhosale H, Gowande G, Patel H, Idiatullina SS, Poyarkov NA 2023. Systematics of Trimeresurus popeiorum Smith, 1937 with a revised molecular phylogeny of Asian pitvipers of the genus Trimeresurus Lacépède, 1804 sensu lato. Evolutionary Systematics 7(1): 91-104 - get paper here
  • Rathee, Yashpal Singh; Jayaditya Purkayastha, Siddharth Dalal, Hmar Tlawmte Lalremsanga 2021. First record of Salazar’s Pitviper (Trimeresurus salazar) from Meghalaya, India, with comments on hemipenes. Reptiles & Amphibians 28 (1): 131-136 - get paper here
  • VOGEL, G., MALLIK, A. K., CHANDRAMOULI, S., SHARMA, V., & GANESH, S. 2022. A review of records of the Trimeresurus albolabris Gray, 1842 group from the Indian subcontinent: expanded description and range extension of Trimeresurus salazar, redescription of Trimeresurus septentrionalis and rediscovery of historical specimens Zootaxa 5175 (3): 343-366 - get paper here
  • VOGEL, GERNOT; TAN VAN NGUYEN, & PATRICK DAVID 2023. A new green pitviper of the Trimeresurus albolabris complex (Reptilia, Serpentes, Viperidae) from central and southern Myanmar. Zootaxa 5357 (4): 515–554 - get paper here
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