Trimeresurus sichuanensis (GUO & WANG, 2011)
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|Higher Taxa||Viperidae, Crotalinae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)|
|Common Names||E: Sichuan pitviper|
|Synonym||Sinovipera sichuanensis GUO & WANG 2011|
Trimeresurus stejnegeri — ZHAO et al. 2002: 233 (non Trimeresurus stejnegeri SCHMIDT 1925)
Trimeresurus (Sinovipera) sichuanensis — DAVID et al. 2011
Sinovipera sichuanensis — WALLACH et al. 2014: 678
Trimeresurus sichuanensis — GAO et al. 2022
Trimeresurus (Sinovipera) sichuanensis— MIRZA et al. 2023
|Distribution||China (Sichuan, Hunan)|
Type locality: Hejiang County, Sichuan Province, China
|Reproduction||viviparous (phylogenetic imputation, fide Zimin et al. 2022)|
|Types||Holotype: YBU 071077, an adult female (Figs. 3–4). It was collected near a small river in the forest by a local farmer at an elevation of 1000 m above sea level in August 2007. The specimen is deposited in Yibin University. Paratype: YBU030116, adult female (Figs. 5–6). Collected in July 2003, from the same locality, and by the same farmer, as that of the holotype.|
|Diagnosis||Diagnosis (genus Sinovipera and species): A genus of Asian pitviper within Trimeresurus (sensu lato) having the following combination of characters: (1) the first supralabial completely separated from the nasal; (2) a uniform green dorsum without postocular streak and ventrolateral stripes in females; (3) eyes deep red in females; (4) tail prehensile, its end rusty red in upper part; (5) large body size, with the maximum total length exceeding 1000 mm in females.|
Type species: Sinovipera sichuanensis is the type species of the genus Sinovipera GUO & WANG 2011.
Conservation: one of the 30 most endangered viper species (Maritz et al. 2016).
Habitat: partly arboreal (Harrington et al. 2018).
|Etymology||The generic nomen Sinovipera is derived from the modern Latin adjective sinicus (a, um), based on the noun Sina (-ae), “China”, and the Latin noun Vipera (-ae), meaning '“a viper”. the species eptithet refers to the type locality in Sichuan Province.|
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