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Trimeresurus stejnegeri SCHMIDT, 1925

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Higher TaxaViperidae, Crotalinae, Serpentes (snakes) 
SubspeciesTrimeresurus stejnegeri chenbihuii ZHAO 1995
Trimeresurus stejnegeri stejnegeri SCHMIDT 1925 
Common NamesE: Chinese Green Tree Viper, Stejneger’s Bamboo pitviper; chenbihuii: Chen’s Bamboo pitviper
G: Stejnegers Bambusotter, Chinesische Bambusotter 
SynonymTrimeresurus stejnegeri SCHMIDT 1925
Trimeresurus graminaeus kodairai MAKI 1931
Trimeresurus graminaeus formosensis MAKI 1931
Trimeresurus stejnegeri makii KLEMMER 1963
Trimeresurus stejnegeri — COX et al. 1998: 21
Trimeresurus stejnegeri — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 344
Trimeresurus stejnegeri — TU et al. 2000
Viridovipera stejnegeri — MALHOTRA & THORPE 2004
Viridovipera stejnegeri — DAWSON et al. 2008
Trimeresurus (Viridovipera) stejnegeri — DAVID et al. 2011

Trimeresurus stejnegeri chenbihuii ZHAO 1995
Trimeresurus stejnegeri chenbihuii — GUMPRECHT et al. 2004
Trimeresurus stejnegeri chenbihuii — SANG et al. 2009

Trimeresurus stejnegeri stejnegeri POPE 1935
Trimeresurus stejnegeri stejnegeri POPE 1935
Trimeresurus gramineus — STEJNEGER 1907: 480
Trimeresurus gramineus formosensis MAKI 1931
Trimeresurus gramineus kodairai MAKI 1931
Trimeresurus stejnegeri makii KLEMMER 1963
Trimeresurus stejnegeri stejnegeri — WELCH 1994: 117
Trimeresurus stejnegeri stejnegeri — GUMPRECHT et al. 2004
Trimeresurus stejnegeri stejnegeri — SANG et al. 2009 
DistributionS China (from Yunnan north SE Gansu and east to Jiangsu; Jilin; Kwangsi, Kwangung, Hainan, Fukien, Chekiang), Taiwan (incl. Lanyu),
Nepal, India (Sikkim, Assam), Myanmar (= Burma) (?? - see comment), Vietnam.

chenbihuii: Hainan. Type locality: Diaoluo Shan, Lingshui Co., Hainan Province, China (150 m).

Type locality: Shaowu, Fukien, China. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
TypesHolotype: AMNH 21054
Holotype: CIB 64III5599 [chenbihuii] 
CommentVenomous!

Subspecies: Trimeresurus yunnanensis is considered a subspecies of Trimeresurus stejnegeri by many authors (like ZHAO & ADLER 1993). According to Vogel (pers. comm.) no subspecies of Trimeresurus stejnegeri are currently recognized. GOLAY et al. (1993) and MCDIARMID et al. (1999) recognize two subspecies, stejnegeri and yunnanensis (the latter is considered as a valid species here).

Distribution: Specimens from Thailand have been assigned to T. vogeli and T. gumprechti, hence T. stejnegeri does not occur in Thailand (GUMPRECHT & BULIAN 2003). All records of T. stejnegeri from MYANMAR have been referred to Trimeresurus yunnanensis (see LEVITON et al. 2003). GUMPRECHT et al. (2004) recognize only 2 subspecies, stejnegeri and chenbihuii. Possibly in Bhutan (Lenz 2012).

Type species: Trimeresurus stejnegeri is the type species of the genus Viridovipera MALHOTRA & THORPE (2004). The genus is diagnosed by the possession of a Type 1 spinose hemipenis.

DIAGNOSIS (DIAGNOSTIC CHARACTERS).— Scales in 21 longitudinal rows at midbody; 9–11 upper labials, first upper labials separated from nasals by a distinct suture; a single narrow supraocular, sometimes divided by transverse suture; 11–16 scales in a line between supraoculars; above bright to dark green, below pale green to whitish, the two separated by a bright bicolored orange or brown (below) and white (above) (males) or bicolored or white only (females) ventrolateral stripe, which occupies the whole of the outermost scale row and a portion of the second row; ventrals 150–174, subcaudals 54–77 (but see David et al. [2002:218 and 2001:215] for geographic distribution of these data), all paired; hemipenes short, spinose beyond bifurcation. Total length 750 mm, tail length 145 mm. [after LEVITON 2003] 
EtymologyTrimeresurus stejnegeri chenbihuii has been named after Prof. Bi-Hui Chen of Anhui Normal University, but the validity of this subspecies has also been questioned (see ZIEGLER 2002 for a discussion). 
References
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