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Trimeresurus tibetanus HUANG, 1982

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Higher TaxaViperidae, Crotalinae, Serpentes (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesTibetan Pit Viper 
SynonymTrimeresurus tibetanus HUANG 1982
Trimeresurus karanshahi ORLOV & HELFENBERGER 1998
Trimeresurus karanshahi — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 337
Trimeresurus tibetanus — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 346
Trimeresurus karanshahi — ORLOV et al. 2002
Trimeresurus tibetanus — GUMPRECHT et al. 2004
Himalayophis tibetanus — MALHOTRA & THORPE 2004
Himalayophis karanshahi — MALHOTRA & THORPE 2004
Trimeresurus (Himalayophis) tibetanus — DAVID et al. 2011 
DistributionChina (Xizang = Tibet), Nepal.

karanshahi: Nepal (only known from type locality); Type locality: Phulchoki mountains (elevation 2700 m asl), Godavari village, Bagmati Prov. C Nepal. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
TypesHolotype: FU 80001, according to an English translation of Huang's paper provided by David and Tong 1997. 
CommentVenomous! Trimeresurus karanshahi was said to differ from T. tibetanus in aspects of scalation (19 rather than 21 midbody scale rows) and pattern but TILLACK et al. (2003) synonymized both.

Type species: MALHOTRA & THORPE 2004 sugested the new genus Himalayophis for T. tibetanus as its type species. 
References
  • DAVID, PATRICK; GERNOT VOGEL & ALAIN DUBOIS 2011. On the need to follow rigorously the Rules of the Code for the subsequent designation of a nucleospecies (type species) for a nominal genus which lacked one: the case of the nominal genus Trimeresurus Lacépède, 1804 (Reptilia: Squamata: Viperidae). Zootaxa 2992: 1–51 - get paper here
  • David, Patrick;Tong, Haiyan 1997. Translations of recent descriptions of Chinese pitvipers of the Trimeresurus-complex (Serpentes, Viperidae), with a key to the complex in China and adjacent areas. Smithsonian Herp. Inf. Serv. (112): 1-31 - get paper here
  • Gumprecht, A.; Tillack, F.; Orlov, N.L.; Captain, A. & Ryabow, S. 2004. Asian pitvipers. Geitje Books, Berlin, 368 pp.
  • Guo, P.; Jadin, R.C.; Malhotra, A. & Li, C. 2009. An investigation of the cranial evolution of Asian pitvipers (Serpentes: Crotalinae), with comments on the phylogenetic position of Peltopelor macrolepis. Acta Zoologica 91: 402-407
  • Huang Z Y 1982. A new species of the Crotalidae snake from Tibetan [in Chinese]. FUDAN JOURNAL (NATURAL SCIENCE) 21 (1): 116-118
  • Kästle , W., Rai, K. & Schleich, H.H. 2013. FIELD GUIDE to Amphibians and Reptiles of Nepal. ARCO-Nepal e.V., 625 pp. - get paper here
  • Malhotra, Anita & Thorpe, Roger S. 2004. A phylogeny of four mitochondrial gene regions suggests a revised taxonomy for Asian pitvipers (Trimeresurus and Ovophis). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 32: 83 –100 [erratum p. 680] - get paper here
  • McDiarmid,R.W.; Campbell,J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • Orlov, N. & N. Helfenberger 1998. New mountain species of Trimeresurus (Serpentes, Viperidae, Crotalinae) of the "green" pit vipers group from the Himalayas. Russ. J. Herpetol. 4 (2): 195-197 [1997] - get paper here
  • Orlov, N.; Ananjeva, N.; Barabanov, A.; Ryabov, S. & Khalikov, R. 2002. Diversity of vipers (Azemiopinae, Crotalinae) in East, Southeast, and South Asia: annotated checklist and natural history data (Reptilia: Squamata: Serpentes: Viperidae). Faun. Abh. Mus. Tierk. Dresden 23: 177-218
  • RAO Ding-qi, ZHAO Er-mi 2004. Bungarus bungaroides, A Record New to China (Xizang AR) with a Note on Trimeresurus tibetanus. SICHUAN JOURNAL OF ZOOLOGY 2004 Vol.23 No.3
  • Shah,K.B. 1999. New records and distribution of some herpetofauna of Nepal. J. Nat. Hist. Mus., Kathmandu 18: 99-111
  • Tillack, Frank; Matthias Lorenz, Nikolai L. Orlov, Notker Helfenberger, Karan B. Shah & Wolfgang Eck 2003. Sha´s Grubenotter Trimeresurus karanshahi ORLOV & HELFENBERGER, 1997 - ein Juniorsynonym von Trimeresurus tibetanus HUANG, 1982 (Serpentes: Viperidae: Crotalinae), mit Angaben zur Verbreitung, Biologie und der Vorstellung neuer Farbvarianten asu Zent Sauria 25 (2): 3-15 - get paper here
 
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