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Trioceros melleri (GRAY, 1865)

IUCN Red List - Trioceros melleri - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaChamaeleonidae, Sauria, Iguania, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Meller's Chameleon
G: Mellerchamäleon, Elefantenohrchamäleon 
SynonymEnsirostris melleri GRAY 1865: 478
Chamaeleo melleri — LOVERIDGE 1920: 166
Chamaeleo (Trioceros) melleri — NECAS 1999: 174
Trioceros melleri — TILBURY & TOLLEY 2009
Trioceros melleri — TILBURY 2010: 678
Trioceros melleri — SPAWLS et al. 2018: 298 
DistributionMalawi, N Mozambique, Tanzania

Type locality: “Africa, on the mountains in the interior”; restricted to Zomba Mountain, Malawi (by LOVERIDGE 1953)..  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: NHMUK (18)64.10.29.1, male (stuffed) 
Diagnosis 
Commentmember of subg. Trioceros. The paper by GRAY is not present in our AMNH collection.

Type species: Ensirostris melleri Gray, 1865 is the type species of the genus Ensirostris Gray, 1865. 
Etymologynamed after ”Dr. Meller” who is mentioned by Gray in the section about the “habitat” (= locality) of this species without further comment. 
References
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Bonetti, Mathilde 2002. 100 Sauri. Mondadori (Milano), 192 pp.
  • Broadley, D. G. & HOWELL, K. M. 1991. A check list of the reptiles of Tanzania, with synoptic keys. Syntarsus 1: 1—70
  • CAMPBELL, PATRICK D; WOLFGANG DENZER 2020. Annotated catalogue of chameleon types in the collection of the Natural History Museum, UK (NHMUK) (Reptilia: Squamata: Chamaeleonidae). Zootaxa 4742 (3): 481–500 - get paper here
  • Cimatti, E. 2006. African Jewels: Tanzania on foot. Reptilia (GB) (46): 65-70 - get paper here
  • Conradie, Werner; Gabriela B. Bittencourt-Silva, Hanlie M. Engelbrecht, Simon P. Loader, Michele Menegon, Cristóvão Nanvonamuquitxo, Michael Scott, Krystal A. Tolley 2016. Exploration into the hidden world of Mozambique’s sky island forests: new discoveries of reptiles and amphibians. Zoosyst. Evol. 92 (2): 163–180, DOI 10.3897/zse.92.9948 - get paper here
  • Glaw, F. 2015. Taxonomic checklist of chameleons (Squamata: Chamaeleonidae). [type catalogue] Vertebrate Zoology 65 (2): 167–246 - get paper here
  • Gray,J. E. 1865. Revision of the genera and species of Chamaeleonidae, with the description of some new species. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1864: 465-479. - get paper here
  • Gray,J.E. 1865. Revision of the genera and species of Chamaeleonidae, with the description of some new species. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (3) 15: 340-354 - get paper here
  • Jeansch, M. 1991. Life History Note: Chamaeleo melleri: Reproduction. J. Herp. Assoc. Africa (39): 21-21 - get paper here
  • Lantermann, W. 2000. Begegnungen mit Chamäleons in Ostafrika. Elaphe 8 (1): 67-72
  • Loveridge, A. 1920. Notes on East African lizards collected 1915-1919, with description of a new genus and species of skink and new subspecies of gecko. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1920: 131-167 - get paper here
  • Loveridge, A. 1923. Notes on East African lizards collected 1920-1923 with the description of two new races of Agama lionotus Blgr. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1923: 935-969 - get paper here
  • Malberg, C. & A. Schäberle 2016. Haltung und Nachzucht des Elefantenohrchamäleons (Trioceros melleri). Reptilia 21 (119): 26-32
  • Necas, Petr 1999. Chameleons - Nature's Hidden Jewels. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt; 348 pp.; ISBN 3-930612-04-6 (Europe)<br />ISBN 1-57524-137-4 (USA, Canada)
  • Okajima Y, Kumazawa Y 2010. Mitochondrial genomes of acrodont lizards: timing of gene rearrangements and phylogenetic and biogeographic implications. BMC Evolutionary Biology 10:141
  • Rogner, Manfred 2014. Chamäleons im Terrarium. Draco 15 (58): 6-22 - get paper here
  • Rovatsos, Michail; Marie Altmanová , Martina Johnson Pokorná , Petr Velenský , Antonio Sánchez Baca Orcid and Lukáš Kratochvíl 2017. Evolution of Karyotypes in Chameleons. Genes 8(12): 382; doi:10.3390/genes8120382 - get paper here
  • Schmidt, W.; Tamm, K. & Wallikewitz, E. 2010. Chamäleons - Drachen unserer Zeit. Natur und Tier Verlag, 328 pp. [review in Reptilia 101: 64, 2013] - get paper here
  • Spawls, S.; Howell, K.; Drewes, R.C. & Ashe, J. 2002. A field guide to the reptiles of East Africa. Academic Press, 543 pp. [reviews in HR 34: 396 and Afr. J. Herp. 51; 147] - get paper here
  • Spawls, Steve; Kim Howell, Harald Hinkel, Michele Menegon 2018. Field Guide to East African Reptiles. Bloomsbury, 624 pp. - get paper here
  • Tilbury, C. 2010. Chameleons of Africa: An Atlas, Including the Chameleons of Europe, the Middle East and Asia. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt M., 831 pp.
  • Tilbury, C. R. & Tolley, Krystal A. 2009. A re-appraisal of the systematics of the African genus Chamaeleo (Reptilia: Chamaeleonidae). Zootaxa 2079: 57–68 - get paper here
  • Tröger, M. 1995. Vorstellung der in der Zuchtgemeinschaft Chamaeleoidae gezüchteten Chamäleonarten Teil 1. Chamaeleo (Trioceros) melleri (Gray, 1864). Sauria 17 (1): 15-20 - get paper here
  • van Hoof, J. et al. 2006. Kameleons, een fascinerende hobby. Lacerta 64 (5-6): 1-96 - get paper here
  • WEIZEL, D. & S. HOFFMANN 2004. Eigene Erfahrungen bei der Haltung und Zucht von Chamaeleo (Trioceros) melleri (GRAY, 1864). CHAMAELEO 14(1): 26-29. - get paper here
 
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