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Trogonophis wiegmanni KAUP, 1830

IUCN Red List - Trogonophis wiegmanni - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaTrogonophidae, Amphisbaenia, Lacertoidea, Squamata 
SubspeciesTrogonophis wiegmanni wiegmanni KAUP 1830
Trogonophis wiegmanni elegans (GERVAIS 1835) 
Common NamesE: Checkerboard Worm Lizard
G: Schachbrett-Doppelschleiche 
SynonymTrogonophis wiegmanni KAUP 1830
Trogonophis Wiegmanni — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1839: 469
Trogonophis wiegmanni — GRAY 1865: 368
Trogonophis weigmanni [sic] — BELLAIRS & SHUTE 1954
Trogonophis wiegmanni — SCHLEICH, KÄSTLE & KABISCH 1996: 464
Trogonophis wiegmanni — GANS 2005: 43

Trogonophis wiegmanni elegans (GERVAIS 1835)
Amphisbaena elegans GERVAIS 1835: 113
Trogonophis wiegmanni maroccana WERNER 1931: 280
Trogonophis elegans — GANS 2005: 43
Trogonophis wiegmanni elegans — SINDACO & JEREMČENKO 2008
Trogonophis wiegmanni elegans — SALVI et al. 2017 
DistributionMorocco, N Algeria, WC Tunisia

elegans: Morocco; Type locality: ‘‘Alger et a` Tanger’’; restricted to Tangier (Gans and Pasteur, 1962: 10).

Type locality: Unknown; restricted to ‘‘Algérie’’ (Pasteur and Bons, 1960: 79).  
TypesSyntypes: lost, originally ‘‘Zool. Inst. Giessen’’ (Kaup, 1831); destroyed (W.J. Schmidt, cited in GANS 2005).
Lectotype: MNHN-RA 3083, fide GUIBÉ 1954 [elegans]
Holotype: MCZ 29968 [maroccana] 
CommentSynonymy: after Gans 2005: 43.

Type Species: Trogonophis wiegmanni is the type species of the genus Trogonophis.

Diversity: Salvi et al. 2017 found 3 cryptic species within T. wiegmanni, although they did not describe them as new (yet).

Note that the family Trogonophidae is sometimes spelled as “Trogonophiidae”. We follow Gans 2005 by spelling it Trogonophidae although in previous versions of this database it was spelled Trogonophiidae. 
EtymologyNamed after A. Fr. August Wiegmann (1802-1841), zoologist in Berlin. 
  • Barata, Mafalda; Ana Perera, D. James Harris, Arie van der Meijden, Salvador Carranza, Francisco Ceacero, Enrique García-Muñoz, Duarte Gonçalves, Sérgio Henriques, Fátima Jorge, Jonathan C. Marshall, Luis Pedrajas and Pedro Sousa 2011. New observations of amphibians and reptiles in Morocco, with a special emphasis on the eastern region. Herpetological Bulletin (116): 4 - get paper here
  • Beddek M, Zenboudji-Beddek S, Geniez P, Fathalla R, Sourouille P, Arnal V, et al. 2018. Comparative phylogeography of amphibians and reptiles in Algeria suggests common causes for the east-west phylogeographic breaks in the Maghreb. PLoS ONE 13(8): e0201218 - get paper here
  • Bellairs, A.; Shute, C.C.D. 1954. Notes on the herpetology of an Algerian beach. Copeia 1954 (3): 224-226 - get paper here
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Boulenger, George A. 1891. Catalogue of the reptiles and batrachians of Barbary (Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia), based chiefly upon the notes and collections made in 1880-1884 by M. Fernand Lataste. Tr. Zool. Soc. 13: 93-164
  • Duméril, A. M. C. and G. Bibron. 1839. Erpétologie Générale on Histoire Naturelle Complète des Reptiles. Vol. 5. Roret/Fain et Thunot, Paris, 871 pp. - get paper here
  • Gans, C. 2005. CHECKLIST AND BIBLIOGRAPHY OF THE AMPHISBAENIA OF THE WORLD. Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist. 289: 1-130
  • Gervais, PAUL 1835. Les principaux résultats de l'étude . . . de reptiles envoyés de Barbarie. Bull. Soc. Sci. Nat. France (dernier trimestre), Séance de 23 Dec. 1835, Vol. 1: 112-114.
  • GOETZ, M. 2005. Zur Haltung und Nachzucht der Schachbrett-Doppelschleiche Trogonophis wiegmanni KAUP, 1830 (Squamata: Amphisbaenia: Trogonophidae). Sauria 27 (2): 23-27 - get paper here
  • Gray,J.E. 1865. A revision of the genera and species of amphisbaenians with the descriptions of some new species now in the collection of the British Museum. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (3) 16: 365-377 - get paper here
  • Hediger, H. 1935. Herpetologische Beobachtungen in Marokko. Verhandlungen der Naturforschenden Gesellschaft in Basel 46: 1-49
  • Kaup, JOHANN J. 1830. Trogonophis. Eine neue Amphibiengattung, den Amphisbaenen zunächst verwandt. Isis von Oken 23: 880-881 - get paper here
  • Laurent, P. 1935. Contribution à la connalssance de la faune des Vertebres du Maroc (Batraciens, Reptiles, Mammiferes). Bull. Soc. d’Hist. nat. de l’Afrique du Nord 26: 344-359
  • López, Pilar; Jesús Ortega, and José Martín 2014. Chemosensory Prey Detection by the Amphisbaenian Trogonophis wiegmanni. Journal of Herpetology 48 (4): 514-517. - get paper here
  • Martín, José; Eduardo Gutiérrez, and Luis V. García 2017. Alteration Effects of Ornamental Whitewashing of Rocks on the Soil Properties and Body Condition of Fossorial Amphisbaenians that Live Under Them. Herpetological Conservation and Biology 12 (2) - get paper here
  • Martín, José; Nuria Polo-Cavia, Adega Gonzalo, Pilar López, and Emilio Civantos 2011. Structure of a Population of the Amphisbaenian Trogonophis wiegmanni in North Africa. Herpetologica 67 (3): 250-257. - get paper here
  • Martín, José; Nuria Polo-Cavia, Adega Gonzalo, Pilar López, and Emilio Civantos 2012. Sexual Dimorphism in the North African Amphisbaenian Trogonophis wiegmanni. Journal of Herpetology 46 (3): 338-341. - get paper here
  • Mediani, Mohamed; José Carlos Brito, Soumia Fahd 2015. Atlas of the amphibians and reptiles of northern Morocco: updated distribution and patterns of habitat selection. Basic and Applied Herpetology 29: - get paper here
  • Mellado,J. & Mateo,J.A. 1992. New records of Moroccan Herpetofauna. The Herpetological Journal 2: 58-61
  • Pasteur,G. & BONS,J. 1960. Catalogue des reptiles actuels du Maroc. Revisions des formes d’Afrique, d’Europe et d’Asie. Trav. Inst. sci. chérif., Rabat, (Zool.) 21: 1-134
  • Salvi, D., Perera, A., Sampaio, F. L., Carranza, S., & Harris, D. J. 2017. Underground cryptic speciation within the Maghreb: multilocus phylogeography sheds light on the diversification of the checkerboard worm lizard Trogonophis wiegmanni. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution - get paper here
  • Schleich, H.H., Kästle,W., Kabisch, K. 1996. Amphibians and Reptiles of North Africa. Koeltz, Koenigstein, 627 pp.
  • SEUFER, H. 2017. Eine schier unglaubliche Geschichte oder Anmerkungen zum Lebensalter von Doppelschleichen (Amphisbaenia). Sauria 39 (1): 17-20 - get paper here
  • Sindaco, R. & Jeremcenko, V.K. 2008. The reptiles of the Western Palearctic. Edizioni Belvedere, Latina (Italy), 579 pp. - get paper here
  • Stemmler, Othmar 1970. Beobachtungen an marokkanischen Schachbrettschleichen Trogonophis wiegmanni Kaup 1830 (Amphisbaenia, Trogonophidae). Aquarien und Terrarien 10: 343-347
  • Werner,F. 1931. Ergebnisse einer zoologischen Forschungsreise nach Marokko. III. Unternommen 1930 mit Unterstützung der Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien von Franz Werner und Richard Ebner. III. Amphibien und Reptilien. Sitzungsber. Akad. Wiss. Wien Mathem.-Naturw., Sect. 1, 140: 272-318 - get paper here
  • Westphal, N., Mahlow, K., Head, J. J., & Müller, J. 2019. Pectoral myology of limb-reduced worm lizards (Squamata, Amphisbaenia) suggests decoupling of the musculoskeletal system during the evolution of body elongation. BMC Evolutionary Biology 19(1): 16 - get paper here
  • Wilms, T. 2009. Marokko - Schatzkammer in Nordwesten Afrikas. Reptilia (Münster) 14 (75): 16-23 - get paper here
  • Zulueta, A. de 1909. Nota sobre reptiles de Melilla (Marruecos). Bol. Real Sociedad Esp. Hist. Nat. 9: 351-354
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