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Tropidechis carinatus (KREFFT, 1863)

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Higher TaxaElapidae, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesRough-scaled Snake, Clarence River Snake 
SynonymHoplocephalus carinatus KREFFT 1863: 86
Hoplocephalus carinatus KREFFT 1863: 403
Tropidechis carinatus — GÜNTHER 1863: 383
Tropidechis carinatus — COGGER 1983: 237
Tropidechis carinatus — WELCH 1994: 117
Tropidechis carinatus — COGGER 2000: 694
Tropidechis sadlieri HOSER 2003
Tropidechis carinatus — WILSON & SWAN 2010
Tropidechis carinatus — WALLACH et al. 2014: 745 
DistributionAustralia (E Queensland, NE New South Wales)

Type locality: “near Grafton, in the Clarence River District” [= vicinity of Grafton, NE New South Wales, Australia, 29°42’S, 152°56’E, elevation ~0 m]. Map legend:
Type locality - Type locality.
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionviviparous. 
TypesHolotype: lost fide COGGER 1983: 237; Boulenger (1896) was in error in citing BMNH 1946.1.18.49 as one of the types. 
CommentVenomous!

Synonymy: Tropidechis sadlieri is probably a synonym of T. carinatus (Wilson & Swan 2008, Wüster, pers. comm., 15 Dec 2010).

Type species: Hoplocephalus carinatus KREFFT 1863: 86 is the type species of the genus Tropidechis GÜNTHER 1863. 
References
  • Beard, D. J. 1979. Rough-scaled snake, Tropidechis carinatus. Herpetofauna (Sydney) 10: 26-28
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1896. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum, Vol. 3. London (Taylor & Francis), xiv + 727 pp. - get paper here
  • Cogger, H. G. 2014. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 7th ed. CSIRO Publishing, xxx + 1033 pp.
  • Cogger,H.G. 2000. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 6th ed. Ralph Curtis Publishing, Sanibel Island, 808 pp.
  • Günther. A. 1863. Third account of new species of snakes in the collection of the British Museum. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (3) 12: 348 - 365 - get paper here
  • Hoser, R. 2003. The rough-scaled snakes, genus Tropidechis (Serpentes: Elapidae), including the description of a new species from far north Queensland, Australia. Crocodilian, 4 (2): 11-14. - get paper here
  • Kaiser, H.; Crother, B.I.; Kelly, C.M.R.; Luiselli, L.; O’Shea, M.; Ota, H.; Passos, P.; Schleip, W.D. & Wüster, W. 2013. Best Practices: In the 21st Century, Taxonomic Decisions in Herpetology are Acceptable Only When Supported by a Body of Evidence and Published via Peer-Review. Herpetological Review 44 (1): 8-23
  • Krefft, G. 1863. Description of a new species of Hoplocephalus with keeled scales. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1863: 86 - get paper here
  • Krefft, G. 1863. Description of a new species of Hoplocephalus with keeled scales. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (3) 12: 403-404 - get paper here
  • Shine, R.;Charles, N. 1982. Ecology of the Australian elapid snake Tropidechis carinatus. Journal of Herpetology 16 (4): 383-387 - get paper here
  • Trinca, J. C., Graydon, J. J., Covacevich, J. & Limpus, C. 1971. The rough-scaled snake (Tropidechis carinatus) a dangerously venomous Australian snake. Med. J Aust. 1971: 801-809
  • Wilson, S. & Swan, G. 2010. A complete guide to reptiles of Australia, 3rd ed. Chatswood: New Holland, 558 pp.
 
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