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Tropidurus catalanensis GUDYNAS & SKUK, 1983

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Higher TaxaTropiduridae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesPortuguese: Calango, Lagartixa-Cinzenta, Lagartixa-Espinhosa, Lagartixa-Preta, Papa-Vento, Tropiduro-Comum 
SynonymTropidurus catalanensis GUDYNAS & SKUK 1983
Taraguira torquata — COPE 1862
Taraguira torquata — MÜLLER 1880
Tropidurus torquatus — KOSLOWSKY 1898
Tropidurus torquatus — BERTONI 1914
Tropidurus torquatus — BERTONI 1939
Tropidurus torquatus — SCHOUTEN 1929
Tropidurus torquatus torquatus — BURT & BURT 1933.
Tropidurus torquatus hispidus — HELLMICH 1960
Tropidurus torquatus catalanensis — CEI 1993
Tropidurus torquatus — GIRAUDO & CONTRERAS 1994
Tropidurus torquatus — DURÉ RODAS 1995
Tropidurus torquatus — AQUINO et al. 1996
Tropidurus torquatus — MOTTE et al. 2004
Tropidurus torquatus — MOTTE et al. 2009
Tropidurus catalanensis — SARAIVA-KUNZ & BORGES-MARTINS 2013
Tropidurus torquatus — CABRAL & WEILER 2014
Tropidurus torquatus — CACCIALI et al. 2016
Tropidurus torquatus catalanensis — CACCIALI et al. 2016: 70
Tropidurus catalanensis — CACCIALI & KÖHLER 2018 
DistributionN Uruguay, Paraguay, Argentina (Corrientes), Brazil (Mato Grosso do Sul, Paraná, Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina)

Type locality: Hill 1 km ESE of route 30 and Arroyo Catalan Grande, Dep. Artigas, Uruguay  
TypesHolotype: MNHN-RA 3489 (Montevideo), given as MNHN 3489, paratype: MACN 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Tropidurus catalanensis is distinguished from all congeners, except those of the torquatus group, by lacking a middorsal scale row and by having imbricate and keeled dorsal scales. From those of the torquatus group, except from T. torquatus and T. imbituba sp. nov., it can be distinguished by having folds and pockets of the type “A” (sensu Rodrigues 1987). From T. imbituba sp. nov. and T. torquatus, it differs in the yellow coloration of the chest and throat, more intense in adult males. From T. imbituba sp. nov. it also differs, with little overlap, in dorsal scale counts, ranging 104–130 (mean 116.9 ± 4.8) in males and 110–140 (mean 126.7 ± 6.8) in females, while in T. imbituba it ranges 99–113 (mean 104.9 ± 4.6) in males and 102–116 (mean 110.6 ± 3.7) in females. [from KUNZ & BORGES-MARTINS 2013]. 
CommentSynonymy: Degraded to subspecies status by CEI 1993. Not listed by FROST et al. (2001), most likely because they also consider it as subspecies of T. torquatus. Cacciali et al. 2016 listed catalanensis as a synonym of torquatus but called it a subspecies in the text. Synonymy mostly after Cacciali & Köhler 2018.

Distribution: For a map in Paraguay see Cacciali & Köhler 2018. 
EtymologyNamed after the type locality. 
  • Brandt, Renata; Fabio Cury de Barros, Carolina Noronha, Maria Jose Tulli and Tiana Kohlsdorf 2016. Sexual differences in locomotor performance in Tropidurus catalanensis lizards (Squamata: Tropiduridae) – body shape, size and limb musculature explain variation between males and females. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, DOI: 10.1111/bij.12760 - get paper here
  • CACCIALI, PIER & GUNTHER KÖHLER 2018. Diversity of Tropidurus (Squamata: Tropiduridae) in Paraguay—an integrative taxonomic approach based on morphological and molecular genetic evidence. Zootaxa 4375 (4): 511–536 - get paper here
  • Cacciali, Pier; Norman J. Scott, Aida Luz Aquino Ortíz, Lee A. Fitzgerald, and Paul Smith 2016. The Reptiles of Paraguay: Literature, Distribution, and an Annotated Taxonomic Checklist. SPECIAL PUBLICATION OF THE MUSEUM OF SOUTHWESTERN BIOLOGY, NUMBER 11: 1–373 - get paper here
  • CARREIRA, S., M. MENEGHEL AND F. ACHAVAL 2005. Reptiles de Uruguay. DI.R.A.C., Facultad de Ciências Ed., Montevideo, 637 pp.
  • Gonzalez R. C. et al. 2020. Lista dos Nomes Populares dos Répteis no Brasil – Primeira Versão. Herpetologia Brasileira 9 (2): 121 – 214 - get paper here
  • GROTE KELLERMANN, ALEXIS; MARIANA SCALON-LUCHESE, RENATA CARDOSO VIEIRA, ISMAEL VERRASTRO BRACK & LAURA VERRASTRO. 2021. Local Extinction of Tropidurus catalanensis Caused by Plantation Forestry in the Pampas of Brazil. Herpetological Conservation and Biology 16(2): 295–302. - get paper here
  • Gudynas E; Skuk G 1983. A new species of the iguanid lizard genus Tropidurus from temperate South America (Lacertilia: Iguanidae). CENTRO EDUCATIVO DON ORIONE CONTRIBUCIONES EN BIOLOGIA 10: 1-10
  • Kellermann, Alexis Grote; Mariana Scalon-Luchese, Renata Cardoso Vieira, Ismael Verrastro Brack, and Laura Verrastro 2021. Local Extinction of Tropidurus catalanensis Caused by Plantation Forestry in the Pampas of Brazil. Herpetological Conservation and Biology, 16 (2): - get paper here
  • KUNZ, TOBIAS SARAIVA & MÁRCIO BORGES-MARTINS 2013. A new microendemic species of Tropidurus (Squamata: Tropiduridae) from southern Brazil and revalidation of Tropidurus catalanensis Gudynas & Skuk, 1983. Zootaxa 3681: 413–439 - get paper here
  • Kwet, Axel 2015. Neue Kielschwanzleguane der Gattung Tropidurus. Terraria-Elaphe 2015 (1): 52 [2014] - get paper here
  • MAIA-CARNEIRO, T., S. LANGIE-SANTOS, AND C. ARTURO NAVAS 2020. Tropidurus catalanensis (Calango; Collared Lizard). Caudal Autophagy. Herpetological Review 51: 606.
  • MAIA-CARNEIRO, T., S. LANGIE-SANTOS, AND C. ARTURO NAVAS 2020. Tropidurus catalanensis (Calango; Collared Lizard). Bone Deformity. Herpetological Review 51: 606.
  • MAIA-CARNEIRO, T., S. LANGIE-SANTOS, AND C. ARTURO NAVAS 2020. Tropidurus catalanensis (Calango; Collared Lizard). Clutch And Egg Size. Herpetological Review 51: 606-607.
  • MAIA-CARNEIRO, THIAGO; SIMONE LANGIE-SANTOS & CARLOS A. NAVAS. 2021. Defensive behaviors and microhabitat use of Tropidurus catalanensis (Squamata, Tropiduridae): body sizes and habitat openness / vegetation cover affect prediction of risk and flight distances. North-Western Journal of Zoology 17(2): 204–211. - get paper here
  • Maia-Carneiro, Thiago; Simone Langie-Santos and Carlos 2020. Defensive behaviors of Tropidurus catalanensis Gudynas & Skuk, 1983 (Squamata, Tropiduridae). Brazilian Journal of Biological Sciences 7 (15): 39-42 - get paper here
  • Müller, F. 1880. Erster Nachtrag zum Katalog der herpetologischen Sammlung des Basler Museums. Verh. Naturf. Ges. Basel 7: 120-165 - get paper here
  • Oliveira, Maiara Rodriguez; Fernando Machado Braghirolli, Luis Esteban Krause Lanés, Laura Verrastro, Guendalina Turcato Oliveira 2021. Evaluation of the Seasonal Variation of Parameters of Oxidative Status of Tropidurus catalanensis Gudynas and Skuk, 1983. South American Journal of Herpetology 19(1): 12-21
  • Perez, D. J. P., de Carvalho, J. E., & Navas, C. A. 2021. Effects of food intake and hydration state on behavioral thermoregulation and locomotor activity in the tropidurid lizard Tropidurus catalanensis. Journal of Experimental Biology, 224(6) - get paper here
  • Varela, Esperanza Amalia 1999. Tipos de la colección herpetológica del Museo Argentino de Ciencias Naturales “Bernardino Rivadavia”, Buenos Aires, Argentina. [type catalog] Iheringia, Sér. Zool., Porto Alegre (87): 57-74
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