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Tropidurus hygomi REINHARDT & LÜTKEN, 1862

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Higher TaxaTropiduridae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Reinhardt's Lava Lizard
Portuguese: Calango, Catende, Lagartixa-de-Restinga 
SynonymTropidurus hygomi REINHARDT & LÜTKEN 1862: 228
Tropidurus hygomi — BOULENGER 1885: 177
Tropidurus hygomi — ETHERIDGE in PETERS & DONOSO-BARROS 1970
Tropidurus hygomi — VANZOLINI & GOMES 1979
Tropidurus hygomi — RODRIGUES 1987
Tropidurus hygomi — FROST et al. 2001
Tropidurus hygomi — CALDAS et al. 2021 
DistributionE Brazil (Sergipe, Bahia)

Type locality: Brasil: Sergipe: Maruim. Lat -10.7500, Long -37.0833  
TypesHolotype: ZMUC; Syntypes: NMW 18909 (fide RODRIGUES 1987: 179), ZMB 4334 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: RODRIGUES 1987: 179
CommentSynonymy: T. hygomi was synonymized with T. torquatus by Burt & Burt 1930 but revalidated by Vanzolini & Gomes 1979.

Habitat: sand 
EtymologyNamed after Danish sea captain, Vilheml Johannes W. Hygom (born 1818), who sent reptile specimens to the Copenhagen Museum in the early 19th century. 
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Vol. 2, Second edition. London, xiii+497 pp. - get paper here
  • Burt, C. E.; Burt, M. D. 1930. The South American lizards in the collection of the United States National Museum. Proc. US Natl. Mus. 78 (6): 1-52 - get paper here
  • CALDAS, FRANCIS; RAFAEL SANTOS, DANIEL SANTANA & RENATO FARIA. 2021. Filling some of the gap of ecological information’s of a Brazilian Vulnerable lizard (Tropidurus hygomi). Cuadernos de Herpetología 35(2): 207–222: - get paper here
  • CARVALHO, ANDRÉ LUIZ GOMES DE 2013. On the distribution and conservation of the South American lizard genus Tropidurus Wied-Neuwied, 1825 (Squamata: Tropiduridae). Zootaxa 3640 (1): 042–056 - get paper here
  • Couto-Ferreira, Danilo; Moacir Santos Tinôco, Magno Lima Travassos de Oliveira, Henrique Colombini Browne-Ribeiro, Cecil Pergentino Fazolato, Ricardo Marques da Silva, Gilvana Santos Barreto & Marcelo Alves Dias 2011. Restinga lizards (Reptilia: Squamata) at the Imbassaí Preserve on the northern coast of Bahia, Brazil. Journal of Threatened Taxa 3 (8): 1990–2000 - get paper here
  • Dos Santos, R. A., Santana, D. O., Caldas, F. L. S. & Faria, R. G. 2012. Tropidurus hygomi (Reinhardt's lava lizard) predation. Herpetological Review 43: 490-491 - get paper here
  • Fazolato, C., Fernandes, F., & Batalha-Filho, H. 2017. The effects of Quaternary sea-level fluctuations on the evolutionary history of an endemic ground lizard (Tropidurus hygomi). Zoologischer Anzeiger - A Journal of Comparative Zoology, 270(Supplement C), 1–8 - get paper here
  • Freitas, Marco Antonio de 2014. Squamate reptiles of the Atlantic Forest of northern Bahia, Brazil. Check List 10 (5): 1020-1030 - get paper here
  • Frost, Darrel R., Miguel T. Rodrigues, Taran Grant, and Tom A. Titus 2001. Phylogenetics of the Lizard Genus Tropidurus (Squamata: Tropiduridae: Tropidurinae): Direct Optimization, Descriptive Efficiency, and Sensitivity Analysis of Congruence Between Molecular Data and Morphology. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 21 (3): 352–371 - get paper here
  • Gemel, R.; G. Gassner & S. Schweiger 2019. Katalog der Typen der Herpetologischen Sammlung des Naturhistorischen Museums Wien – 2018. Ann. Naturhist. Mus. Wien, B 121: 33–248
  • Gonzalez R. C. et al. 2020. Lista dos Nomes Populares dos Répteis no Brasil – Primeira Versão. Herpetologia Brasileira 9 (2): 121 – 214 - get paper here
  • HARVEY, Michael B. & RONALD L. GUTBERLET JR 2000. A phylogenetic analysis of the tropidurine lizards (Squamata: Tropiduridae), including new characters of squamation and epidermal microstructure. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 128: 189–233. - get paper here
  • Lambertz, Markus; Tiana Kohlsdorf, Steven F. Perry,Robson Waldemar Ávila, Reinaldo José da Silva 2012. First assessment of the endoparasitic nematode fauna of four psammophilous species of Tropiduridae (Squamata: Iguania) endemic to north-eastern Brazil. Acta Herpetologica 7 (2): 315-323 - get paper here
  • Matos, Naiana Brito de; Milena Ferreira, Fernando de Jesus Silva, Miguel Trefaut Rodrigues, Elinaira Santos da Silva, and Caroline Garcia 2016. Taxonomy and Evolution of Tropidurus (Iguania, Tropiduridae) Based on Chromosomal and DNA Barcoding Analysis. Journal of Herpetology 50 (2): 316-326 - get paper here
  • OLIVEIRA LIMA, JEFFERSON; HUGO ANDRADE, TAINARA LIMA DA SILVA & EDUARDO JOSÉ DOS REIS DIAS. 2022. Reptiles of Sergipe: current knowledge and sampling discontinuities. Herpetology Notes 15: 69–78. - get paper here
  • Reinhardt, J., and C. Lütken 1862. Bidrag til Kundskab om Brasiliens Padder og Krybdyr. Förste Afdeling Paddern og Oglerne. Vidensk. Medd. Dansk Naturhist. Foren. Kjobenhavn 1861: 143-242. - get paper here
  • Rodrigues M T 1987. Sistematica, ecologia e zoogeografia dos Tropidurus do grupo torquatus ao sul do Rio Amazonas (Sauria, Iguanidae). Arquivos de Zoologia 31(3) 1987: 105-230 - get paper here
  • Rodrigues, M. T.; Kasahara S; Yonenaga-Yassuda Y 1988. Tropidurus psammonastes: Una nova especie do grupo torquatus com notas sobre seu cariotipo e distribuicao (Sauria, Iguanidae). PAPEIS AVULSOS DE ZOOLOGIA (SAO PAULO) 36(26) 1988: 307-313
  • Silva, Cleverton da; Rony Peterson Santos Almeida, Hugo Andrade 2021. Predation on Tropidurus hygomi Reinhardt and Lütken, 1862 (Squamata: Tropiduridae) by Turdus leucomelas Vieillot, 1818 (Aves: Turdidae) in an Atlantic Forest remnant in Northeastern Brazil. Herpetology Notes 14: 243-245
  • Silva, Renato; Moacir Santos Tinoco 2021. First record of Tropidurus hygomi Reinhardt & Lütken, 1862 (Squamata: Tropiduridae) ingesting a flower of the cactus Cereus fernambucensis Lem. Herpetology Notes 14: 507-508
  • Travassos, M. L. O., M. S. Tinoco, R. Marques & J. H. C. Delabie 2015. Lizard prey predilections and resource use in restinga habitats on the north coast of Bahia. Salamandra 51 (2): 171-181 - get paper here
  • Vanzolini, P.E. & Gomes, N. 1979. On Tropidurus hygomi: redescription, ecological notes, distribution and history (Sauria, Iguanidae). Pap. Avuls. Zool. 32: 243-260
  • Vasconcelos, Luciana, Ricardo Marques and Moacir Santos Tinoco. 2013. Tropidurus hygomi (Reinhardt's lava lizard) courtship behavior. Herpetological Review 44 (3): 514-515 - get paper here
  • Vasconcelos, Luciana; Andre C. Bruinjé, Felipe E. A. Coelho, Moacir S. Tinôco, Ricardo Marques 2019. Full mating repertoire of Tropidurus hygomi Reinhardt & Lütken, 1861 on a coastal sand dune habitat in Bahia, Brazil (Squamata: Tropiduridae). Herpetology Notes 12: 353-357 - get paper here
  • Vieira, Rafael Barbosa Da Silva, Igor Rios dos Rosario, Luiz Eduardo De Oliveira and Eduardo Jose Dos Reis Dias. 2013. Tropidurus hygomi predation. Herpetological Review 44 (3): 516 - get paper here
  • Xavier, Maria Aldenise; Eduardo José dos Reis Dias 2015. First record of the Brazilian restinga lizard Tropidurus hygomi ingesting a fruit of Melocactus violaceus (Cactaceae). Herpetology Notes 8: 437-438 - get paper here
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