Tropidurus jaguaribanus PASSOS, LIMA & BORGES-NOJOSA, 2011
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|Higher Taxa||Tropiduridae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)|
|Common Names||Portuguese: Calango-de-Lajeiro|
|Synonym||Tropidurus jaguaribanus PASSOS, LIMA & BORGES-NOJOSA 2011|
Type locality: São João do Jaguaribe Municipality (5°19’21’’ S and 38°11 ́58’’ W), Ceará State, northeastern Brazil
|Reproduction||oviparous (not imputed, fide Zimin et al. 2022)|
|Types||Holotype: UFC (also as CHUFC) L 3860, adult male, collected 21 February 2009, by D. C. Lima and D. M. Borges-Nojosa. Paratypes. All from the type-locality, collected from March 2008 through February 2009 by the same collec- tors. Adult males (CHUFC L 3650, CHUFC L 3858), adult females (CHUFC L 3857, CHUFC L 3859, CHUFC L 3918), and unsexed juveniles (CHUFC L 3658, MPEG 28900, MZUSP 100739, ZUFSM L 0728).|
|Diagnosis||Diagnosis. The color pattern of T. jaguaribanus sp. nov. allows it to be easily distinguished from the other spe- cies of the semitaeniatus group (Figures 3 e 4). Tropidurus jaguaribanus sp. nov. differs from T. helenae and T. pinima in having only one middorsal, longitudinal light stripe rather than three. This single stripe, which extends dorsally from the snout to the scapular region, also allows it to be distinguished from T. semitaeniatus, because in this latter, the single stripe always extends from the snout to the base of the tail. The stripe of T. jaguaribanus sp. nov. may sometimes be absent or not evident in adult individuals, which also distinguishes it from the other species of the group. Tropidurus jaguaribanus sp. nov. also has 5–6 supralabials, rather than 7–8 as in T. pinima and T. semitaeniatus. Tropidurus jaguaribanus sp. nov. has a single subocular, in contact with the first canthal, distin- guishing it from T. pinima, which has one scale between the subocular and the first canthal. Finally, the new species differs from all the others by the prominently spined and keeled lateral scales on the trunk (Figure 5), which are vis- ible to the naked eye in adult individuals and are inconspicuous in the other species and by the tarsal scales with higher keels than in the other species of the group.|
|Comment||This species is similar to T. semitaeniatus.|
Habitat: rocky outcrops
Sympatry: T. hispidus, Phyllopezus periosus, P. pollicaris, and Gymnodactylus geckoides.
|Etymology||The specific epithet derives from the region of the state of Ceará where the species occurs, the Jaguaribe Valley.|
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