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Tropidurus spinulosus (COPE, 1862)

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Higher TaxaTropiduridae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesSpiny Lava Lizard 
SynonymMicrolophus spinulosus COPE 1862: 351
Leiocephalus (Craniopeltis) variegatus O’SHAUGHNESSY 1879: 301
Tropidurus (Microlophus) spinulosus — BOETTGER 1885
Tropidurus spinulosus — BOULENGER 1885: 175
Plica stejnegeri BURT & BURT 1930
Tropidurus spinulosus — GALLARDO 1969: 74
Tropidurus spinulosus — FROST 1992: 51
Tropidurus spinulosus — CEI 1993
Tropidurus spinulosus — DIRKSEN & DE LA RIVA 1999
Tropidurus spinulosus — CACCIALI et al. 2016 
DistributionBolivia (Grand Chaco, Beni, Chuquisaca, Santa Cruz, Tarija), Paraguay,
N Argentina (Formaosa, Chaco, Santiago del Estero, Córdoba, La Rioja, Catamarca, Tucumán, Salta, Santa Fe, Entre Rios)

Type locality: “Paraguay”  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesTypes: BMNH 1946.8.30.27-28 (and possibly additional specimens). 
CommentSynonymy after CEI 1993. Tropidurus spinulosus guarani has been elevated to species status.

Distribution: Not in Brazil fide COSTA & BERNILS 2015 despite the fact that there seems to be records from the border region between Bolivia and Brazil (Mato Grosso) (see map in Carvalho 2013: 51, Fig. 8).

Habitat: rocks 
References
  • Alvarez B B. Cei J M. Scolaro J A. 1994. A new subspecies of Tropidurus spinulosus (Cope 1862) from the subtropical wet mesic Paraguayan region (Reptilia Squamata Tropiduridae). Tropical Zoology 7 (1): 161-179 - get paper here
  • AVILA, LUCIANO JAVIER; LORENA ELIZABETH MARTINEZ & MARIANA MORANDO 2013. Checklist of lizards and amphisbaenians of Argentina: an update. Zootaxa 3616 (3): 201–238
  • Boettger, O. 1885. Liste von Reptilien und Batrachiern aus Paraguay. Zeitschr. Naturw. 58 (3): 213-248 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Vol. 2, Second edition. London, xiii+497 pp. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1894. List of reptiles and batachians collected by Dr. T. Bohls near Asuncion, Paraguay. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 13: 342-348 - get paper here
  • Cacciali, Pier; Norman J. Scott, Aida Luz Aquino Ortíz, Lee A. Fitzgerald, and Paul Smith 2016. The Reptiles of Paraguay: Literature, Distribution, and an Annotated Taxonomic Checklist SPECIAL PUBLICATION OF THE MUSEUM OF SOUTHWESTERN BIOLOGY, NUMBER 11: 1–373 - get paper here
  • CARVALHO, ANDRÉ LUIZ GOMES DE 2013. On the distribution and conservation of the South American lizard genus Tropidurus Wied-Neuwied, 1825 (Squamata: Tropiduridae). Zootaxa 3640 (1): 042–056 - get paper here
  • Cei, J. M. 1993. Reptiles del noroeste, nordeste y este de la Argentina. Museo Regionale Sci. Naturale Torino, Monografie 14: 1-949
  • Cei, J.M. 2003. SPECIFIC SUPRAOCULAR SCUTELLATION PATTERNS AS SIGNIFICANT DIAGNOSTIC CHARACTERS: A TAXONOMIC INTER AND INTRAGENERIC "FINGER-PRINT" IN LACERTILIA. Facena 19: 129-135 - get paper here
  • Colli,G.R. et al. 1992. Niche partitioning and morphology of two syntopic Tropidurus (Sauria: Tropiduridae) in Mato Grosso, Brazil. Journal of Herpetology 26 (1): 66-69 - get paper here
  • Cope, E.D. 1862. Catalogues of the reptiles obtained during the explorations of the Parana Paraguay, Vermejo and Uruguay rivers, by Capt. Thos. J. Page, U.S.N.; and of those procured by Lieut. N. Michier, U. S. Top. Eng., Commander of the expedition conducting the su Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 1862: 346-359. - get paper here
  • Cruz, Félix B. 1998. Natural history of Tropidurus spinulosus (Squamata: Tropiduridae) from the dry Chaco of Salta, Argentina. The Herpetological Journal 8 (2): 107-110
  • Dirksen, L. & De la Riva, I. 1999. The lizards and amphisbaenians of Bolivia (Reptilia, Squamata): checklist, localities, and bibliography. Graellsia 55: 199-215
  • Dost, W. 2005. Stichpunktartige Bemerkungen zu Pflege und zucht diverser Iguaniden. Iguana Rundschreiben 18 (1): 16-24
  • Frost, Darrel R. 1992. Phylogenetic analysis and taxonomy of the Tropidurus group of lizards (Iguania: Tropidurudae). American Museum Novitates (3033): 1-68 - get paper here
  • Gallardo, José M. 1969. Las especies de saurios (Reptilia) de la Provincia de Santa Fe, Argentina, y consideraciones sobre su ecologia y zoogeografia. Neotropica 15 (47): 73-81
  • Gonzales, Lucindo; Arturo Muñoz y Edson Cortez 2006. PRIMER REPORTE SOBRE LA HERPETOFAUNA DE LA RESERVA NATURAL “EL CORBALÁN”, TARIJA, BOLIVIA [FIRST REPORT ON THE HERPETOFAUNA OF “EL CORBALAN” NATURAL RESERVE, TARIJA, BOLIVIA]. Kempffiana 2 (1): 72-94 - get paper here
  • Harvey, M. B. & R. L. J. Gutberlet 1998. Lizards of the genus Tropidurus (Iguania: Tropiduridae) from the Serrania de Huanchaca, Bolivia: new species, natural history, and a key to the genus. Herpetologica 54 (4): 493-520. - get paper here
  • HARVEY, Michael B. & RONALD L. GUTBERLET JR 2000. A phylogenetic analysis of the tropidurine lizards (Squamata: Tropiduridae), including new characters of squamation and epidermal microstructure. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 128: 189–233.
  • Kacoliris F.P.; Berkunsky I. & Williams J. 2006. Herpetofauna of Impenetrable, Argentinean Great Chaco. Phyllomedusa 5 (2): 149-158 - get paper here
  • Koslowsky,J. 1895. Batracios y reptiles de Rioja y Catamarca. Rev. Mus. La Plata 6: 359-370 - get paper here
  • Matos, Naiana Brito de; Milena Ferreira, Fernando de Jesus Silva, Miguel Trefaut Rodrigues, Elinaira Santos da Silva, and Caroline Garcia 2016. Taxonomy and Evolution of Tropidurus (Iguania, Tropiduridae) Based on Chromosomal and DNA Barcoding Analysis Journal of Herpetology 50 (2): 316-326 - get paper here
  • O’Shaughnessy,A.W.E. 1879. Description of new species of lizards in the collection of the British Museum. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 4: 295-303 - get paper here
  • PELEGRIN, N. & LEYNAUD, G. C. & BUCHER, E. H. 2006. Reptile fauna of the Chancaní Reserve (Arid Chaco, Argentina): species list and conservation status [Short Note]. Herpetozoa 19 (1/2): 85-86 - get paper here
  • Pérez, D. R.;Acosta, J. C.;Avila, L. J. 1991. Caso de puesta comunal en Tropidurus spinulosus (Sauria: Iguanidae) en la provincia de Córdoba (República Argentina). Bol. Asoc. Herp. Argentina 6 (1): 11-12
  • Pérez-Iglesias, Juan Manuel; Jofré, Laura E.; Rueda, Marta Patricia 2017. Primeros registros de la herpetofauna en dos areas naturales protegidas de la provincia de Santiago del Estero (Argentina) Cuad. herpetol. 32 (1): 49-57 - get paper here
  • Scott, Norman J.;Lovett, Jonny Wayne 1975. A collection of reptiles and amphibians from the Chaco of Paraguay. The University of Connecticut Occasional Papers, Biological Series 2 (16): 257-266
 
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