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Tympanocryptis lineata PETERS, 1863

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Higher TaxaAgamidae (Amphibolurinae), Sauria, Iguania, Squamata (lizards) 
SubspeciesTympanocryptis lineata lineata PETERS 1863
Tympanocryptis lineata macra STORR 1982 
Common NamesLined Earless Dragon 
SynonymTympanocryptis lineata PETERS 1863
Tympanocryptis lineata — BOULENGER 1885: 392
Tympanocryptis lineata — STERNFELD 1925: 234
Tympanocryptis lineata — COGGER 1983
Tympanocryptis karumba WELLS & WELLINGTON 1985: 20
Tympanocryptis lineata lineata — MANTHEY & SCHUSTER 1999: 108
Tympanocryptis lineata — COGGER 2000: 353
Tympanocryptis lineata — WILSON & SWAN 2010

Tympanocryptis lineata macra STORR 1982: 61
Tympanocryptis lineata macra — SHOO et al. 2008 
DistributionS Australia (New South Wales, Northern Territory, Queensland, South Australia, Victoria, Western Australia)

lineata: SE part of range. Type locality: “Buchsfelde bei Adelaide in Südaustralien” [= Loos, 4. 5 km W Gawler, South Australia].

macra: Nullarbor plain; Type locality: 16 km S of main dam at Lake Argyle, Western Australia, in 16°15'S, 128°40'E.  
TypesLectotype: ZMB 740, New Holland, collected J. Lhotsky. Designation by Wells & Wellington (1985), other syntypes in ZMB, MNHN.
Holotype: SAMA R2468a, from S Vic. [pinguicolla]
Holotype: WAM R44553 [macra] 
DiagnosisDiagnosis (genus): Small, short-legged, short-tailed agamids with body moderately to strongly depressed; dorsals markedly heterogeneous (small scales intermixed with large spinose scales); tympanum wholly, partly or not covered by scales; femoral and pre-anal pores few in number, each located between 3-5 scales, usually present in males only, and with alignment of pre-anal pores (when more than one present) transverse or directed slightly back towards midline [from STOR 1982].

Diagnosis (macra): A moderately large, relatively slender subspecies of T. lineata Peters, most like T. l. centralis Sternfeld but larger and having longer limbs and tail and more subdigital lamellae. 
CommentSubspecies and their distribution after COGGER 2000. Tympanocryptis lineata pinguicolla MITCHELL 1948 and Tympanocryptis lineata centralis STERNFELD 1925 and Tympanocryptis lineata houstoni STORR 1982 are considered a full species by most authors now.

Type species: Tympanocryptis lineata PETERS 1863 is the type species of the genus Tympanocryptis PETERS 1863. 
EtymologyNamed after Latin “linea”, meaning stripe or line. The name macra is Latin for 'lean'. 
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. Geckonidae, Eublepharidae, Uroplatidae, Pygopodidae, Agamidae. London: 450 pp. - get paper here
  • Cogger, H. G. 2014. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 7th ed. CSIRO Publishing, xxx + 1033 pp.
  • Cogger, H.G. 2000. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 6th ed. Ralph Curtis Publishing, Sanibel Island, 808 pp.
  • Kinghorn, J. Roy 1924. Reptiles and batrachians from south and south-west Australia. Rec. Austral. Mus. 14 (3): 163-183 - get paper here
  • Loveridge, A. 1934. Australian reptiles in the Museum of Comparative Zoology, Cambridge, Massachusetts. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 77: 243-383 - get paper here
  • Macey, J. R., J. A. Schulte II, A. Larson, N. B. Ananjeva, Y. Wang, R. Pethiyagoda, N. Rastegar-Pouyani, T. J. Papenfuss 2000. Evaluating trans-Tethys migration: an example using acrodont lizard phylogenetics. Systematic Biology 49 (2): 233-256 - get paper here
  • Manthey,U. & SCHUSTER,N. 1999. Agamen, 2. Aufl. Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 120 pp. - get paper here
  • Melville, Jane; Stephanie Goebel; Carly Starr; J. Scott Keogh & Jeremy J. Austin 2007. Conservation genetics and species status of an endangered Australian dragon, Tympanocryptis pinguicolla (Reptilia: Agamidae). Conservation Genetics 8:185–195
  • Mertens, R. 1967. Die herpetologische Sektion des Natur-Museums und Forschungs-Institutes Senckenberg in Frankfurt am Main nebst einem Verzeichnis ihrer Typen. Senckenbergiana Biologica 48: 1-106 - get paper here
  • Mitchell, F. J. 1948. A revision of the lacertilian genus Tympanocryptis. Rec. South Austral. Mus. 9: 57-86 - get paper here
  • Osborne, W. S.;Kukolic, K.;Davis, M. S.;Blackburn, R. 1993. Recent records of the earless dragon Tympanocryptis lineata pinguicolla in the Canberra region and a description of its habitat. Herpetofauna (Sydney) 23 (1): 16-25
  • Peters, Wilhem Carl Hartwig 1863. Eine Übersicht der von Hrn. Richard Schomburgk an das zoologische Museum eingesandten Amphibien, aus Buchsfelde bei Adelaide in Südaustralien. Monatsber. königl. Akad. Wiss. Berlin. 1863 (April): 228-236 - get paper here
  • Shea, Glenn M; Sadlier, Ross A 1999. A catalogue of the non-fossil amphibian and reptile type specimens in the collection of the Australian Museum: types currently, previously and purportedly present. TECHNICAL REPORTS OF THE AUSTRALIAN MUSEUM 15, 1999: 1-91
  • Shoo, L.P.; R. Rose, P. Doughty, J.J. Austin, J. Melville 2008. Diversification patterns of pebble-mimic dragons are consistent with historical disruption of important habitat corridors in arid Australia. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 48: 528–542
  • Smith WJS, Osborne WS, Donnellan SC & Cooper PD 1999. The systematic status of earless dragon lizards, Tympanocryptis (Reptilia: Agamidae), in south-eastern Australia. Australian Journal of Zoology 47: 551-564 - get paper here
  • Starr, C.R. & Leung, L. K.P. 2006. Habitat Use by the Darling Downs Population of the Grassland Earless Dragon: Implications for Conservation. JOURNAL OF WILDLIFE MANAGEMENT 70 (4): 897–903
  • Sternfeld, R. 1925. Beiträge zur Herpetologie Inner-Australiens. Abhandlungen Herausgegeben von der Senckenbergischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft, 38: 221—251
  • Storr, G M 1982. Taxonomic notes on the genus Tympanocryptis Peters (Lacertilia: Agamidae). Rec. West. Austr. Mus. 10 (1): 61-66 - get paper here
  • Storr, G. M. 1964. The agamid lizards of the genus Tympanocryptis in Western Australia. J R. Soc. West. Aust. 47: 43-50.
  • Storr, G. M. 1982. Revision of the bearded dragons (Lacertilia: Agamidae) of Western Australia with notes on the dismemberment of the genus Amphibolurus. Rec. West. Aust. Mus. 19 (2): 199-214 - get paper here
  • Storr, G.M. 1986. NOTE ON TYMPANOCRYPTIS LINEATA MACRA (LACERTILIA AGAMIDAE). Rec. West. Austr. Mus. 13 (3): 317-322
  • Wilson, S. & Swan, G. 2010. A complete guide to reptiles of Australia, 3rd ed. Chatswood: New Holland, 558 pp.
  • Worrell, E. 1963. Reptiles of Australia. Angus & Robertson (Sydney), xv + 207 pp
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