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Tympanocryptis pinguicolla MITCHELL, 1948

IUCN Red List - Tympanocryptis pinguicolla - Vulnerable, VU

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Higher TaxaAgamidae (Amphibolurinae), Sauria, Iguania, Squamata (lizards) 
Common NamesGrassland Earless Dragon 
SynonymTympanocryptis lineata pinguicolla MITCHELL 1948
Tympanocryptis lineata pinguicolla — WORRELL 1963: 76
Tympanocryptis telecom WELLS & WELLINGTON 1985: 20
Tympanocryptis pinguicolla — SMITH et al. 1999
Tympanocryptis pinguicolla — STARR & LEUNG 2006 
DistributionAustralia (Victoria and SE New South Wales)

Type locality: Southern Victoria.  
TypesHolotype: SAMA R2468a, from S Vic. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: “A small stout member of the Tympanocryptis lineata complex, most closely allied to Tympanocryptis pinguicolla of southern Victoria and readily identified by consulting the description in Jenkins and Bartell (1980:96-97, Plate on page 97) who regard this species as Tympanocryptis lineata pinguicolla.” [WELLS & WELLINGTON 1985] 
CommentHabitat: Tympanocryptis pinguicolla is a habitat specialist, occurring only in grasslands and using spider burrows as retreat sites (Smith et al. 1999; Scott and Keogh 2000). The dramatic reduction in native grasslands has meant that suitable habitat for T. pinguicolla has greatly diminished and the species is now formally listed as endangered throughout its range (Robertson and Cooper 2000, Web site below).

Synonymy: Tympanocryptis telecom WELLS & WELLINGTON 1985 is most likely a synonym of T. pinguicolla. 
  • Banks, Chris B; Robertson, Peter; Magrath, Michael JL and Harley, Dan. 2017. Searching for the Grassland Earless Dragon 'Tympanocryptis pinguicolla' in Western Victoria. Victorian Naturalist 134 (6): 187-198 - get paper here
  • Cogger, H. G. 2014. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 7th ed. CSIRO Publishing, xxx + 1033 pp.
  • Cogger, H.G. 2000. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 6th ed. Ralph Curtis Publishing, Sanibel Island, 808 pp.
  • Jenkins, R., & Bartell, R. 1980. A field guide to reptiles of the Australian high country [of Victoria & New South Wales]. Inkata Press, Melbourne 278 pp.
  • Melville, Jane; Stephanie Goebel; Carly Starr; J. Scott Keogh & Jeremy J. Austin 2007. Conservation genetics and species status of an endangered Australian dragon, Tympanocryptis pinguicolla (Reptilia: Agamidae). Conservation Genetics 8:185–195
  • Mitchell, F. J. 1948. A revision of the lacertilian genus Tympanocryptis. Rec. South Austral. Mus. 9: 57-86 - get paper here
  • Scott, I.A.W.; Keogh, J.S. 2000. Conservation genetics of the endangered grassland earless dragon Tympanocryptis pinguicolla (Reptilia: Agamidae) in Southeastern Australia. Conservation Genetics 1(4):357-363.
  • Starr, C.R. & Leung, L. K.P. 2006. Habitat Use by the Darling Downs Population of the Grassland Earless Dragon: Implications for Conservation. JOURNAL OF WILDLIFE MANAGEMENT 70 (4): 897–903
  • Wilson, S. & Swan, G. 2010. A complete guide to reptiles of Australia, 3rd ed. Chatswood: New Holland, 558 pp.
  • Worrell, E. 1963. Reptiles of Australia. Angus & Robertson (Sydney), xv + 207 pp
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