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Tympanocryptis wilsoni MELVILLE, SMITH, HOBSON, HUNJAN & SHOO, 2014

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Higher TaxaAgamidae (Amphibolurinae), Sauria, Iguania, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Roma earless dragon 
SynonymTympanocryptis wilsoni MELVILLE, SMITH, HOBSON, HUNJAN & SHOO 2014
Tympanocryptis wilsoni — CHAPPLE et al. 2019: 100 
DistributionAustralia (Queensland: near the town of Roma: from Hodgson approximately 20 km west to Mt Abundance approximately 50 km south-west of Roma)

Type locality: Mount Abundance Rd, 40 km south-west of Roma, Queensland, Australia (26° 42’ 10’’ S, 148° 29’ 10’’ E).  
TypesHolotype: QM J89119 male Paratype. (1 specimen) QMJ87307 juvenile Cherax Flats, Hodgson, Queensland, Australia (26° 34’ 25’’ S, 148° 38’ 38’’ E). 
DiagnosisDiagnosis. A small to medium-sized Tympanocryptis with a well-developed lateral and ventral body patterning, consisting of extensive brown-black speckling. Ventral patterning is concen- trated on the head, throat and upper chest, extending posteriorly toward the lateral portions of the belly. Heavy brown-black speckling along the sides but white lateral stripe is absent. Ventral and lateral patterning black-brown colouration is greater than white. Three well defined pale spots on dorsal surface of snout: one above each nostril and one at end of snout. Inter-nasal scales ,10. Scales on dorsal surface of the torso are heterogeneous with interspersed un-keeled, weakly keeled and strongly keeled scales. Femoral pores absent; preanal pores 2.
CommentType locality: Original written description of the locality states ‘‘Mount Abundance Rd, 40 km East of Roma’’, Mount Abundance Rd is west of Roma and examination of the GPS record of 26° 42’ 10’’ S, 148° 29’ 10’’ E indicates that the location is 40 km south-west of Roma.

Habitat. Currently known to occur in grasslands on sloping terrains. Grasslands in the western Darling Downs are dominated by Mitchell grasses.

Conservation: this is one of the most-threatened reptile species in Australia (Geyle et al. 2021). 
EtymologyNamed in recognition of the contributions of Steve Wilson to Australian herpetology, in particular his direct contribution to the understanding of Tympanocryptis diversity in Queensland. Steve Wilson discovered this new species during a survey, provided photographs in-life and collected the only voucher specimens. 
  • Chapple, David G.; Reid Tingley, Nicola J. Mitchell, Stewart L. Macdonald, J. Scott Keogh, Glenn M. Shea, Philip Bowles, Neil A. Cox, John C. Z. Woinarski 2019. The Action Plan for Australian Lizards and Snakes 2017. CSIRO, 663 pp. DOI: 10.1071/9781486309474 - get paper here
  • Geyle, H. M., Tingley, R., Amy, A., Cogger, H., Couper, P., Cowan, M., Craig, M., Doughty, P., Driscoll, D., Ellis, R., Emery, J-P., Fenner, A., Gardner, M., Garnett, S., Gillespie, G., Greenless, M., Hoskin, C., Keogh, S., Lloyd, R., ... Chapple, D. 2020. Reptiles on the brink: Identifying the Australian terrestrial snake and lizard species most at risk of extinction. Pacific Conservation Biology - get paper here
  • Melville J, Smith K, Hobson R, Hunjan S, Shoo L 2014. The Role of Integrative Taxonomy in the Conservation Management of Cryptic Species: The Taxonomic Status of Endangered Earless Dragons (Agamidae: Tympanocryptis) in the Grasslands of Queensland, Australia. PLoS One 9 (7): e101847. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0101847 - get paper here
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