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Typhlops capitulatus RICHMOND, 1964

IUCN Red List - Typhlops capitulatus - Endangered, EN

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Higher TaxaTyphlopidae (Typhlopinae), Typhlopoidea, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Haitian Pale-lipped Blindsnake, Richmond's Worm Snake 
SynonymTyphlops capitulatus RICHMOND 1964: 2
Typhlops capitulatus capitulatus THOMAS 1965: 438
Typhlops capitulata capitulata THOMAS 1966: 264
Typhlops capitulata — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 645
Typhlops capitulatus — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 94
Typhlops capitulatus — KORNILIOS et al. 2013
Typhlops capitulatus — HEDGES et al. 2014
Typhlops capitulatus — WALLACH et al. 2014: 760 
DistributionHispaniola (Haiti)

Type locality: “Manneville, Haiti, at the northwest end of Lake Saumatre”  
TypesHolotype: MCZ 62636. 
DiagnosisDESCRIPTION: Maximum TL 267 mm; TL/taillength: 29-46; TL/midbody diameter 46-57; middorsal scales 358-457; scale rows 20-20; head shape tapered, snout rounded to weakly pointed, somewhat flattened; rostral broad in dorsal aspect, clavate to oval, not flared on apex; postoculars 2, rarely 1. Coloration unicolor pale brown to dark reddish brown, or with irregular, midventral, unpigmented areas, fading slightly on venter and distinctly paler on head; unpigmented areas around mouth and vent (Schwartz & Henderson 1991: 645). 
CommentFor illustrations see Richmond, 1964; Thomas, 1976. 
  • Hedges, S.B., Marion, A.B., Lipp, K.M., Marin, J. & Vidal, N. 2014. A taxonomic framework for typhlopid snakes from the Caribbean and other regions (Reptilia, Squamata). Caribbean Herpetology 49: 1–61 - get paper here
  • Kornilios, P.; S. Giokas, P. Lymberakis, R. Sindaco 2013. Phylogenetic position, origin and biogeography of Palearctic and Socotran blind-snakes (Serpentes: Typhlopidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 68 (1): 35–41 - get paper here
  • McDiarmid, R.W.; Campbell, J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. [type catalogue] Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • Richmond, N. D. 1964. The blind snakes (Typhlops) of Haiti with descriptions of three new species. Breviora (202):1-12 - get paper here
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
  • Thomas R. Powell R. 1995. Typhlops capitulatus. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles (618): 1-2. - get paper here
  • Thomas, R. 1965. A new species of Typhlops from the Barahona Peninsula of Hispaniola. Copeia 1965 (4): 436-439 - get paper here
  • Thomas, R. 1966. Leeward Islands Typhlops (Reptilia, Serpentes). Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 79: 255-265. - get paper here
  • Thomas, R. 1976. Systematics of Antillean blind snakes of the genus Typhlops (Serpentes: Typhlopidae). Ph.D. Thesis, Louisiana State Univ.: xvi + 288pp.
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
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