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Typhlops silus LEGLER, 1959

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Higher TaxaTyphlopidae (Typhlopinae), Typhlopoidea, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Oriente Blindsnake 
SynonymTyphlops silus LEGLER 1959: 105
Typhlops silus — PYRON & WALLACH 2014
Typhlops silus — WALLACH et al. 2014: 771
Typhlops silus — HEDGES et al. 2014
Typhlops silus — DOMÍNGUEZ & DÍAZ 2015 

Type locality: “Banes, Provincia Oriente, Cuba” (LEGLER 1959)  
Reproductionoviparous (manual imputation, fide Zimin et al. 2022) 
TypesHolotype: KU 47469; Paratypes: KU 47470-1 
DiagnosisDiagnosis. A small snake of the genus Typhlops having: 1) 20 longitudinal rows of scales on anterior third of body, 18 to 20 at midbody, and 18 on posterior third of body; 2) 254 to 261 dorsal scales; 3) truncated, slightly trilobate snout; 4) complete or incomplete internasal suture; 5) generally pale dorsal coloration with few or no contrasting darker markings. (Legler 1959: 105) 
CommentSynonymy: This species was previously considered as a synonym of T. lumbricalis (fide RICHMOND 1961). 
EtymologyThe generic name, a masculine noun, is Greek (”typhlos”), meaning ‘blind.’ 
  • Domínguez, Michel and Raúl E. Díaz 2015. Resurrection and Redescription of the Typhlops silus Legler, 1959 from Cuba (Scolecophidia, Typhlopidae). Journal of Herpetology Jun 2015, Vol. 49, No. 2: 325-331. - get paper here
  • Legler, J.M. 1959. A new blind snake (genus Typhlops) from Cuba. Herpetologica 15 (2): 105-112 - get paper here
  • Pyron, R.A. & Wallach, V. 2014. Systematics of the blindsnakes (Serpentes: Scolecophidia: Typhlopoidea) based on molecular and morphological evidence. Zootaxa 3829 (1): 001–081 - get paper here
  • Richmond, N. D. 1961. The status of Typhlops silus Legler. Copeia 1961 (2): 221-222 - get paper here
  • Torres, J., Gandia, A.C. & Hernández, F.B. 2018. Geographic Distribution: Typhlops silus. Herpetological Review 49 (1): 80. - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Zimin, A., Zimin, S. V., Shine, R., Avila, L., Bauer, A., Böhm, M., Brown, R., Barki, G., de Oliveira Caetano, G. H., Castro Herrera, F., Chapple, D. G., Chirio, L., Colli, G. R., Doan, T. M., Glaw, F., Grismer, L. L., Itescu, Y., Kraus, F., LeBreton 2022. A global analysis of viviparity in squamates highlights its prevalence in cold climates. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 00, 1–16 - get paper here
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