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Typhlops sulcatus COPE, 1868

IUCN Red List - Typhlops sulcatus - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaTyphlopidae (Typhlopinae), Typhlopoidea, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Hispaniolan Bicolored Blindsnake, Island Worm Snake 
SynonymTyphlops sulcatus COPE 1868:128
Typhlops haitiensis RICHMOND 1964: 5
Typhlops sulcata — THOMAS 1966: 264
Typhlops sulcata — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 658
Typhlops sulcatus — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 120
Typhlops sulcatus — KORNILIOS et al. 2013
Typhlops sulcatus — HEDGES et al. 2014
Typhlops sulcatus — WALLACH et al. 2014: 772 
DistributionSW Hispaniola (S Haiti, SW Dominican Republic), Isla Alta Velo, Ile de la Conave, Ile Grande Cayemite, Navassa

Type locality: Navassa Island.  
TypesHolotype: USNM 12371
Holotype: MCZ 62635 [haitiensis] 
CommentFor illustrations see Thomas, 1976.

Conservation: Described from a single specimen. May have become extinct in 1905. 
  • Cope, E.D. 1868. An examination of the Reptilia and Batrachia obtained by the Orton Expedition to Equador and the Upper Amazon, with notes on other species. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 20: 96-140 - get paper here
  • Hedges, S.B., Marion, A.B., Lipp, K.M., Marin, J. & Vidal, N. 2014. A taxonomic framework for typhlopid snakes from the Caribbean and other regions (Reptilia, Squamata). Caribbean Herpetology 49: 1–61 - get paper here
  • Joseph-Ouni, M. 2006. Profiles of extinction #21: Typhlops sulcatus. Reptilia (GB) (47): 83 - get paper here
  • Kornilios, P.; S. Giokas, P. Lymberakis, R. Sindaco 2013. Phylogenetic position, origin and biogeography of Palearctic and Socotran blind-snakes (Serpentes: Typhlopidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 68 (1): 35–41 - get paper here
  • Legler, J.M. 1959. A new blind snake (genus Typhlops) from Cuba. Herpetologica 15 (2): 105-112 - get paper here
  • McDiarmid, R.W.; Campbell, J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. [type catalogue] Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • Richmond, N. D. 1964. The blind snakes (Typhlops) of Haiti with descriptions of three new species. Breviora (202):1-12 - get paper here
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
  • Thomas, R. 1966. Leeward Islands Typhlops (Reptilia, Serpentes). Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 79: 255-265. - get paper here
  • Thomas, R. 1976. Systematics of Antillean blind snakes of the genus Typhlops (Serpentes: Typhlopidae). Ph.D. Thesis, Louisiana State Univ.: xvi + 288pp.
  • Thomas, R. and R. Powell. 1994. Typhlops sulcatus. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles (597) - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
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