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Tytthoscincus bukitensis (GRISMER, 2007)

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Sphenomorphinae (Sphenomorphini), Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Fraser’s Hill Forest Skink 
SynonymSphenomorphus bukitensis GRISMER 2007
Sphenomorphus butleri — SMITH 1930: 34
Sphenomorphus bukitensis — LINKEM et al. 2010
Tytthoscincus bukitensis — GRISMER et al. 2016 
DistributionS West Malaysia (Pahang)

Type locality: hillside of hill dipterocarp forest along Bishop’s Trail, Fraser’s Hill, Pahang, West Malaysia (03° 42.590’ N, 101° 44.236’ E), 1239 m elevation.  
TypesHolotype: ZRC 2.6245 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Sphenomorphus bukitensis can be distinguished from all other Sundaland species of Sphenomorphus by the following unique combination of character states: an adult female SVL of 40.5–44 mm; 31–33 smooth, midbody scale rows; 73 or 74 paravertebral scales; 61–74 ventral scales; four supraoculars; parietals contacting supraoculars; prefrontals in contact; two enlarged posterior superciliary scales projecting dorsomedially; two loreal scales; six supralabial scales; five infralabial scales; 12 or 13 keeled, subdigital lamellae beneath the fourth toe; two enlarged, preanal scales; body bands absent; no distinct, dark, dorsolateral stripe; and no light postorbital stripe. Table 1 in GRISMER 2007 compares these character states are compared across all species examined. 
EtymologyThe specific epithet comes from the Malay word bukit which means ‘‘hill’’ and refers to the type locality of Fraser’s Hill. 
  • Grismer, L. Lee. 2008. A new species of insular skink (Genus Sphenomorphus Fitzinger 1843) from the Langkawi Archipelago, Kedah, West Malaysia with the first report of the herpetofauna of Pulau Singa Besar and an updated checklist of the herpetofauna of Pulau Langkawi. Zootaxa 1691: 53-66 - get paper here
  • GRISMER, L. LEE; & EVAN S. H. QUAH 2019. An updated and annotated checklist of the lizards of Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, and their adjacent archipelagos. Zootaxa 4545 (2): 230–248 - get paper here
  • GRISMER, L. LEE; MOHD ABDUL MUIN, PERRY L. WOOD, JR., SHAHRUL ANUAR, & CHARLES W. LINKEM 2016. The transfer of two clades of Malaysian Sphenomorphus Fitzinger (Squamata: Scincidae) into the genus Tytthoscincus Linkem, Diesmos, & Brown and the description of a new Malaysian swamp-dwelling species. Zootaxa 4092 (2): 231–242 - get paper here
  • GRISMER, L. LEE; PERRY L. WOOD, JR., EVAN S.H. QUAH, SHAHRUL ANUAR, EHWAN B. NGADI, NUR AMALINA MOHD IZAM and NORHAYATI AHMAD 2017. Systematics, ecomorphology, cryptic speciation and biogeography of the lizard genus Tytthoscincus Linkem, Diesmos & Brown (Squamata: Scincidae) from the sky- island archipelago of Peninsular Malaysia. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society XX: 1–37 - get paper here
  • Grismer, L.L. 2007. A new species of small montane forest floor skink (genus Sphenomorphus Fitzinger 1843) form Southern peninsular Malaysia. Herpetologica 63 (4): 544-551 - get paper here
  • Grismer, L.L. 2011. Lizards of Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore and their adjacent archipelagos. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 728 pp. [review in Herp. Rev. 43: 155] - get paper here
  • Grismer, L.L.; Ahmad, N. & Kin Onn, C. 2009. A new, diminutive, upland Sphenomorphus Fitzinger 1843 (Squamata: Scincidae) from the Belum-Temengor Forest Complex, Peninsular Malaysia. Zootaxa 2312: 27–38 - get paper here
  • Grismer, L.L.; Wood Jr., P.L. & Grismer, J.L. 2009. A New Insular Species of Skink of the Genus Sphenomorphus Strauch 1887 (Squamata: Scincidae) from Pulau Perhentian Besar, Terengganu, Peninsular Malaysia. Tropical Life Sciences Research, 20(1): 51–69 - get paper here
  • Linkem, C.W.; Diesmos, A.C.; Brown, R.M. 2010. A NEW SPECIES OF SCINCID LIZARD (GENUS SPHENOMORPHUS) FROM PALAWAN ISLAND, PHILIPPINES. Herpetologica 66 (1): 67–79 - get paper here
  • Smith, M.A. 1930. The Reptilia and Amphibia of the Malay Peninsula fromt he Isthmus of Kra to Singapore, including the adjacent Islands. A Supplement to G.A. Boulenger’s Reptilia and Batrachia 1912. Bull. Raffles Mus. No. 3: 1-149
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