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Tytthoscincus temasekensis GRISMER, WOOD, LIM & LIANG, 2017

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Sphenomorphinae (Sphenomorphini), Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Singapore swamp skink 
SynonymTytthoscincus temasekensis GRISMER, WOOD, LIM & LIANG 2017 
DistributionSingapore, Peninsular Malaysia (Perak)

Type locality: Pasir Laba Road, Singapore (N 01°19.526′, E 103°40.212′; 24 m elevation  
TypesHolotype: ZRC 2.6490 (adult female) collected by B. Y. H. Lee on 21 June 2014.Paratypes. ZRC 2.2557 (juvenile) collected from the Nee Soon Swamp, Singapore (approximately N 01°24.051′, E 103°48.537′; 20 m elevation) by K. P. K. Lim on 28 December 1989. ZRC 2.667 (adult male) collected from the Nee Soon Swamp, Singapore (approximately N 01°24.051′, E 103°48.537′; 20 m elevation) by K. Young and P. K. L. Ng on 30 April 1990. ZRC 2.3959 (adult male) at Lorong Banir off Upper Thomson Road, Singapore (approximately N 01°23.427′, E 103°50.220′; 9 m elevation) by K. P. K. Lim on 24 May 1994. ZRC 2.7111 (juvenile) collected at Upper Seletar Reservoir Park, Singapore (approximately N 01°22.376′, E 103°48.434′; 37 m elevation) by N. Baker on 12 September 2015. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Tytthoscincus temasekensis sp. nov. can be differentiated from all other species of Tytthoscincus in Peninsular Malaysia by having the combination of two loreals, two postsupralabials, 9`1 or 10`2 superciliaries, four supraoculars; interparietal contacting 2nd–4th supraoculars, a shallow, pigmented tympanum, slightly enlarged pectoral scales, 27–29 midbody scale rows, 55–65 paravertebral scales, 54–63 ventral scales, 9–11 subdigital lamellae on the fourth toe, keeled, subdigital lamellae, and a dorsal pattern of light-coloured stripes and/or linearly arranged spots. All characters are scored across all other Tytthoscincus and species of Sphenomorphus suspected of being Tytthoscinus in Grismer et al. (2016a: 237) and Karin et al. (2016: 416). 
EtymologyNamed after the word Temasek meaning ‘Sea Town’ in Old Javanese and represents the earliest recorded name of a settlement in Singapore. The suffx -ensis is Latin meaning ‘of or from a place.’ The specifc epithet is in reference to the type locality being on the island of Singapore. 
  • FIGUEROA, ALEX; MARTYN E.Y. LOW, KELVIN K.P. LIM 2023. Singapore’s herpetofauna: updated and annotated checklist, history, conservation, and distribution. Zootaxa 5287 (1): 001–378 - get paper here
  • GRISMER, L. LEE; & EVAN S. H. QUAH 2019. An updated and annotated checklist of the lizards of Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, and their adjacent archipelagos. Zootaxa 4545 (2): 230–248 - get paper here
  • GRISMER, L. LEE; MOHD ABDUL MUIN, PERRY L. WOOD, JR., SHAHRUL ANUAR, & CHARLES W. LINKEM 2016. The transfer of two clades of Malaysian Sphenomorphus Fitzinger (Squamata: Scincidae) into the genus Tytthoscincus Linkem, Diesmos, & Brown and the description of a new Malaysian swamp-dwelling species. Zootaxa 4092 (2): 231–242 - get paper here
  • Grismer, L.Lee; Perry L. Wood, Jr., Kelvin K. P. Lim & Lim J. Liang 2017. A new species of swamp-dwelling skink (Tytthoscincus) from Singapore and Peninsular Malaysia. RAFFLES BULLETIN OF ZOOLOGY 65: 574–584 - get paper here
  • KARIN, BENJAMIN R.; INDRANEIL DAS, AARON M. BAUER 2016. Two new species of diminutive leaf-litter skinks (Squamata: Scincidae: Tytthoscincus) from Gunung Penrissen, Sarawak, Malaysia (northern Borneo). Zootaxa 4093 (3): 407–423 - get paper here
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