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Tytthoscincus textus (MÜLLER, 1894)

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Sphenomorphinae (Sphenomorphini), Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common Names 
SynonymLygosoma (Leiolopisma) textum MÜLLER 1894
Lygosoma textum — BOULENGER 1897: 213
Lygosoma textum — DE ROOIJ 1915: 234
Sphenomorphus textus — KRAMER 1979
Sphenomorphus textum — FELDMAN et al. 2015
Tytthoscincus textus — GRISMER et al. 2016 
DistributionIndonesia (Celebes = Sulawesi)

Type locality: “Gipfel des Soudara” (”Soundara” fide KRAMER 1979)  
TypesHolotype: NMBA = NHMB 4747 
DiagnosisDescription: Snout short, pointed; lower eyelid with a transparent disk; ear-opening oval, smaller than the eye-opening, no lobules. Nostril in the nasal; no supranasals; frontonasal nearly twice as broad as long, forming a broad suture with the rostral; praefrontals in contact; frontal about as long as frontoparietals and interparietal together, in contact with the two anterior supraoculars; five supraoculars, first largest; eight or nine supraciliaries; frontoparietals and interparietal equal; parietals in contact; no nuchals; fourth and fifth upper labials below the eye. Body with 30-32 smooth scales round the middle; the distance between the tip of the snout and the fore limb is contained one time and one third to one time and two thirds in the distance between axilla and groin; praeanals enlarged. Limbs rather short, not meeting when adpressed; the hind limb half as long as the distance between axilla and groin; digits cylindrical, fourth toe with 13-15 smooth lamellae below (DE ROOIJ 1915: 234).

Coloration: Reddish-brown above with dark reticulation; flanks and sides of tail brown with yellowish spots; a black dorso-lateral band, dotted with light, beginning at the eye and passing above the ear; supraocular region darker; labials dark with light centre; limbs dark, white-spotted. Lower parts white; throat and tail speckled with dark (DE ROOIJ 1915: 234).

Size: Length of head and body 42 mm.; tail (tip broken) 53 mm (DE ROOIJ 1915: 234).

Description: Boulenger 1897: 213 
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1897. A catalogue of the reptiles and batrachians of Celebes with special reference to the collections made by Drs P & F Sarasin in 1893-1896. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1897: 193-237 [p228-237: batrachia] - get paper here
  • de Rooij, N. de 1915. The Reptiles of the Indo-Australian Archipelago. I. Lacertilia, Chelonia, Emydosauria. Leiden (E. J. Brill), xiv + 384 pp. - get paper here
  • Firmansyah, R., Riyanto, A., & Kurniawan, N. 2023. Morphological Variation of Asian Small Lizards genus Tytthoscincus Linkem, Diesmos & Brown (Squamata: Scincidae) in Indonesia. The Journal of Experimental Life Science, 13(2), 101-105 - get paper here
  • GRISMER, L. LEE; MOHD ABDUL MUIN, PERRY L. WOOD, JR., SHAHRUL ANUAR, & CHARLES W. LINKEM 2016. The transfer of two clades of Malaysian Sphenomorphus Fitzinger (Squamata: Scincidae) into the genus Tytthoscincus Linkem, Diesmos, & Brown and the description of a new Malaysian swamp-dwelling species. Zootaxa 4092 (2): 231–242 - get paper here
  • Koch, A. 2012. Discovery, Diversity, and Distribution of the Amphibians and Reptiles of Sulawesi and its offshore islands. Edition Chimaira, 374 pp. [ISBN 978-3-89973-432-4] - get paper here
  • Kramer, Eugen 1979. Typenkatalog der Echsen im Naturhistorischen Museum Basel (BM), Stand 1978. [type catalogue] Revue Suisse de Zoologie 86 (1): 159-166 - get paper here
  • Müller,F. 1894. Reptilien und Amphibien aus Celebes. Verh. Ges. Basel 10 (3): 825-843 [1895]
  • Müller,F. 1895. Reptilien und Amphibien aus Celebes. (II. Bericht). Verh. naturf. Ges. Basel 10: 862-869 - get paper here
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