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Uma inornata COPE, 1895

IUCN Red List - Uma inornata - Endangered, EN

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Higher TaxaPhrynosomatidae, Phrynosomatinae, Callisaurini; Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Coachella Valley Fringe-toed Lizard 
SynonymUma notata inornata COPE 1895: 939
Uma notata inornata — NORRIS 1958: 289
Uma inornata — MAYHEW 1964
Uma inornata — STEBBINS 1985: 119
Uma inornata — CROTHER 2000: 54
Uma inornata — COLLINS & TAGGART 2009
Uma inornata — GOTTSCHO et al. 2016 
DistributionUSA (SE California: Coachella Valley, Riverside County)

Type locality: "Colorado Desert, San Diego County, California" (in errore, doubtless from Riverside County, California fide HEIFETZ 1941).  
TypesHolotype: lost, was USNM 16500 (lost fide HEIFETZ 1941), collected by C.R. Orcutt. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Abdomen immaculate. Similar to U. n. notata in all other characters. Gular markings like those of U. n. notata; usually three internasal rows; femoral pores 18 to 28; fringe scales on fourth toe 25 to 36; no reddish brown in dorsal pattern; dorsal ocelli arranged in semilineate pattern as in U. n. notata (from HEIFETZ 1941).
CommentCope (1895) described U. inornata from a single specimen. Not listed by Collins 1997. Trépanier & Murphy (2001) found that the preferred phylogeny had two primary clades: one consisting of U. scoparia and the other placing U. inornata inside the clade containing U. notata. Uma inornata was most closely related to nearby U. notata notata, as opposed to more distant U. notata rufopunctata.

Distribution: see map in Gottscho et al. 2016: (Fig. 1), Derycke et al. 2020: 68 (Fig. 1). 
  • Collins, J.T. and T. W. Taggart 2009. Standard Common and Current Scientific Names for North American Amphibians, Turtles, Reptiles, and Crocodilians, Sixth Edition. Center for North American Herpetology, 48 pp.
  • Cope, E.D. 1895. On the species of Uma and Xantusia. American Naturalist 29: 938-939 - get paper here
  • Crother, B. I. (ed.) 2012. Standard Common and Current Scientific Names for North American Amphibians, Turtles, Reptiles, and Crocodilians, Seventh Edition. Herpetological Circular 39: 1-92
  • DERYCKE, ELIZABETH G.; ANDREW D. GOTTSCHO, ANDREW D. GOTTSCHO, DANIEL G. MULCAHY, KEVIN DE QUEIROZ 2020. A new cryptic species of fringe-toed lizards from southwestern Arizona with a revised taxonomy of the Uma notata species complex (Squamata: Phrynosomatidae). Zootaxa 4778 (1): 67–100 - get paper here
  • Durtsche, R.D. 1995. Foraging ecology of the fringe-toed lizard, Uma inornata, during periods of high and low food abundance Copeia 1995 (4): 915-926. - get paper here
  • Fisher, M., A. Muth & R.E. Johnson 2020. A Long-term Study of Home Range of Coachella Fringe-Toed Lizards, Uma inornata Journal of Herpetology 54 (2): 174-182. - get paper here
  • Gottscho, A.D., Wood, D.A., Vandergast, A.G., Lemos-Espinal, J., Gatesy, J., Reeder, T.W. 2016. Lineage Diversification of Fringe-toed Lizards (Phrynosomatidae: Uma notata complex) in the Colorado Desert: Delimiting Species in the Presence of Gene Flow. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 106: 103-117 - get paper here
  • Hedtke, Shannon M., Kelly R. Zamudio, Christopher A. Phillips, Jonathan Losos and Phil Brylski 2007. Conservation genetics of the endangered Coachella Valley fringe-toed lizard, Uma inornata. Herpetologica 63 (4): 411-420 - get paper here
  • Jones, L.L. & Lovich, R.E. 2009. Lizards of the American Southwest. A photographic field guide. Rio Nuevo Publishers, Tucson, AZ, 568 pp. [review in Reptilia 86: 84] - get paper here
  • Mayhew, W.W. 1964. Taxonomic Status of California Populations of the Lizard Genus Uma. Herpetologica 20 (3): 170-183. - get paper here
  • Mayhew, W.W. 1964. Photoperiodic responses in three species of the lizard genus Uma. Herpetologica 20 (2): 95-113. - get paper here
  • Mayhew, W.W. 1965. Reproduction in the Sand-Dwelling Lizard Uma inornata. Herpetologica 21 (1): 39-55. - get paper here
  • Pough, F. Harvey 1973. Uma inornata. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles (126): 1-2 - get paper here
  • Stebbins,R.C. 1985. A Field Guide to Western Reptiles and Amphibians, 2nd ed. Houghton Mifflin, Boston
  • Trépanier, T.L.; Murphy, R.W. 2001. The Coachella Valley fringe-toed lizard (Uma inornata): genetic diversity and phylogenetic relationships of an endangered species. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 18(3):327-334 - get paper here
  • Turner, F.B., D.C. Weaver & J.C. Rorabaugh 1984. Effects of Reduction in Windblown Sand on the Abundance of the Fringe-Toed Lizard (Uma inornata) in the Coachella Valley, California Copeia 1984 (2): 370-378. - get paper here
  • Werning, Heiko 2012. Die Reptilien und Amphibien des Südwestens. Draco 13 (50): 18-60 - get paper here
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