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Uromacer catesbyi (SCHLEGEL, 1837)

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Higher TaxaColubridae (Dipsadinae), Alsophiini, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
SubspeciesUromacer catesbyi catesbyi (SCHLEGEL 1837)
Uromacer catesbyi cereolineatus SCHWARTZ 1970
Uromacer catesbyi frondicolor SCHWARTZ 1970
Uromacer catesbyi hariolatus SCHWARTZ 1970
Uromacer catesbyi inchausteguii SCHWARTZ 1970
Uromacer catesbyi insulaevaccarum SCHWARTZ 1970
Uromacer catesbyi pampineus SCHWARTZ 1970
Uromacer catesbyi scandax DUNN 1920 
Common NamesE: Blunt-headed Hispaniolan Vinesnake, Catesby's Pointed Snake 
SynonymDendrophis catesbyi SCHLEGEL 1837: 226
Uromacer Catesbyi — DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL 1854: 721
Uromacer catesbyi — GARMAN 1887: 284
Uromacer catesbyi — BOULENGER 1894: 115
Uromacer catesbyi — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 662
Uromacer catesbyi — HEDGES et al. 2009
Uromacer catesbyi — WALLACH et al. 2014: 778

Uromacer catesbyi scandax DUNN 1920
Uromacer scandax DUNN 1920
Uromacer catesbyi scandax — HEDGES 2009 

Uromacer catesbyi catesbyi: Tiburon Peninsula; intergrades with U. c. hariolatus and U. c. pampineus. Type locality: Île de St.-Domingue.

cereolineatus: Île Grande Cayemite, and presumably Île Petite Cayemite.

frondicolor: Île de la Gonâve.

hariolatus: Haiti, north of the Plaine de Cul de Sac and west of the Dominico-Haitian border.

inchausteguii: Isla Saona.

insulaevaccarum: Île-à-Vache.

pampineus: throughout the Repûblica Dominicana with the exception of the Valle de Neiba and the Peninsula de Barahona, east of the Dominico-Haitian border.  
TypesSyntypes: MNHN-RA 8670, MNHN-RA 8671, MCZ 93162
Holotype: MCZ 92074 [cereolineatus]
Holotype: MCZ 93162 [frondicolor]
Holotype: USNM 165936 [hariolatus]
Holotype: CM 45876 [inchausteguii]
Holotype: CM 45875 [insulaevaccarum]
Holotype: MCZ 92075 [pampineus]
Holotype: USNM 59,438, adult female, Tortuga Island, West Indies, May, 1917, collected by W. L. Abbott [scandax] 
DiagnosisDiagnosis (scandax): Like Uromacer caiesbyi, but with 19-11 scale rows and 181 ventrals. 
CommentFor illustrations see Mertens, 1939; Mertens, 1940; Cochran, 1941; Horn, 1969; Henderson and Binder, 1980; Henderson and Schwartz, 1984. The subspecies have also been considered as synonyms of U. catesbyi (WALLACH, pers. comm.).

Habitat: fully arboreal (Harrington et al. 2018). 
EtymologyNamed after Mark Catesby (~1682-1749), British explorer who traveled to the South-Eastern US. For more details see Nelson & elliot 2015. 
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Boulenger, George A. 1894. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum (Natural History). Volume II., Containing the Conclusion of the Colubridæ Aglyphæ. British Mus. (Nat. Hist.), London, xi, 382 pp. - get paper here
  • Cochran, D.M. 1941. The herpetology of Hispaniola. Bull. US Natl. Mus. 177: vii + 398 pp. - get paper here
  • Dunn, E.R. 1920. On the Haitian snakes of the genera Leimadophis and Uromacer. Proc. New England Zool. Club 7: 37-44 - get paper here
  • Garman, S. 1887. On West Indian reptiles in the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Cambridge, Mass. Proc. Amer. Philos. Soc. 24: 278-286. - get paper here
  • Guibé, J. & Roux-Estève, R. 1972. Les types de Schlegel (Ophidiens) présents dans les collections du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle de Paris. Zoologische Mededelingen 47: 129-134 - get paper here
  • Hedges, S. Blair; Arnaud Couloux; Vidal, Nicolas 2009. Molecular phylogeny, classification, and biogeography of West Indian racer snakes of the Tribe Alsophiini (Squamata, Dipsadidae, Xenodontinae). Zootaxa 2067: 1-28 - get paper here
  • Henderson, R.W. and Binder, M.H. 1980. The ecology and behavior of vine snakes (Ahaetulla, Oxybelis, Thelotornis, Uromacer): a review. Milwaukee Public Mus. Contr. Biol. and Geol. (37):1-38.
  • Henderson, R.W., and Schwartz, A. 1984. A guide to the identification of the amphibians and reptiles of Hispaniola. Spec. PubI. Milwaukee Public Mus. Biol. and Geol. (4):1-70.
  • Horn, H.S. 1969. Polymorphism and evolution of the Hispaniolan snake genus Uromacer (Colubridae). Breviora (324):1-23. - get paper here
  • Klaczko, J; Sherratt E, Setz EZF 2016. Are Diet Preferences Associated to Skulls Shape Diversification in Xenodontine Snakes? PLoS One 11 (2): e0148375. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0148375 - get paper here
  • Mertens, R. 1939. Herpetologische Ergebnisse einer Reise nach der Insel Hispaniola, Westindien. Abh. senckenb. naturf. Ges. (Frankfurt) 449: 1-84.
  • Mertens, R. 1940. Zoologische Reisen auf der Insel Hispaniola (from Tierleben der Tropen). Verlag Dr. Waldemar Kramer, Frankfurt am Main, 155-241.
  • Nelson, E.C. & Elliott, D.J. (eds.) 2015. The curious Mr. Catesby” A “truly ingenious” naturalist explores new worlds. University of Georgia Press
  • O’Shea, M. 2018. The Book of Snakes. Ivy Press / Quarto Publishing, London, - get paper here
  • Schlegel, H. 1837. Essai sur la physionomie des serpens. Partie Descriptive. La Haye (J. Kips, J. HZ. et W. P. van Stockum), 606 S. + xvi - get paper here
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
  • Schwartz, A. and R. W. Henderson 1984. Uromacer catesbyi. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles (356. - get paper here
  • Schwartz, Albert 1970. A systematic review of Uromacer catesbyi Schlegel (Serpentes, Colubridae). Tulane Studies in Zoology and Botany 16 (4): 131-149 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
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