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Uromacer oxyrhynchus DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL, 1854

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Higher TaxaColubridae (Dipsadinae), Alsophiini, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Sharp-nosed Hispaniolan Vinesnake, Pointed Snake 
SynonymUromacer oxyrhynchus DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL 1854: 722
Ahaetulla oxyrhyncha — GÜNTHER 1858: 154
Leptophis oxyrhynchus — COPE 1879: 261
Uromacer oxyrhynchus — GARMAN 1887: 284
Uromacer oxyrhynchus — FISCHER 1888: 41
Uromacer oxyrhynchus — BOULENGER 1894: 116
Uromacer oxyrhynchus — SCHMIDT 1921: 19
Uromacer oxyrhynchus — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 664
Uromacer oxyrhynchus — WALLACH et al. 2014: 778 
DistributionHispaniola (Haiti, Dominican Republic), Ile de la Tortue, Isla Saona,
Isla Catalina

Type locality: see comment.  
TypesHolotype: MNHN-RA 8672 
DiagnosisDiagnosis (genus): The single genus in the subtribe Uromacerina has 17–19 midbody scale rows, 155–212 ventrals, 159–224 subcaudals, no apical scale pits, 8–9 upper labials, 10–11 lower labials,15–20 total maxillary teeth, and 20–28 dentary teeth (Table 2). It can be distinguished from the other two subtribes in the Tribe Alsophiini by the presence of green body pigmentation. 
CommentTerra typica: "Senegal" (in error).

Type species: Uromacer oxyrhynchus DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1854 is the type species of the genus Uromacer DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1854.

Note that the subtribe Uromacerina is named after the Genus Uromacer and should not be confused with Uromacerina, a genus of xenodontine snake that occurs in South America.

Habitat: fully arboreal (Harrington et al. 2018). 
EtymologyFrom Latin, alluding to the pointed rostral scale; oxyus = sharp, rhynchus = of the nose / snout, literally meaning sharp-snouted. 
  • Boulenger, George A. 1894. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum (Natural History). Volume II., Containing the Conclusion of the Colubridæ Aglyphæ. British Mus. (Nat. Hist.), London, xi, 382 pp. - get paper here
  • Cope, E.D. 1879. Eleventh contribution to the herpetology of tropical America. Proc. Amer. Philos. Soc. 18: 261-277. - get paper here
  • Duméril, A.M.C., G. BIBRON & A.H.A. DUMÉRIL 1854. Erpétologie générale ou Histoire Naturelle complète des Reptiles. Vol. 7 (partie 1). Paris, xvi + 780 S. - get paper here
  • Fischer, J.G. 1888. Über eine Kollektion Reptilien und Amphibien von Hayti. Jahrb. Hamburg. Wiss. Anst. 5: 23-45. - get paper here
  • Garman, S. 1887. On West Indian reptiles in the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Cambridge, Mass. Proc. Amer. Philos. Soc. 24: 278-286. - get paper here
  • Harrington, Sean M; Jordyn M de Haan, Lindsey Shapiro, Sara Ruane 2018. Habits and characteristics of arboreal snakes worldwide: arboreality constrains body size but does not affect lineage diversification. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 125 (1): 61–71 - get paper here
  • Henderson, R. W.;Binder, M. H.; Sajdak, R. A. 1981. Ecological relationships of the tree snakes Uromacer catesbyi and U. oxyrhynchus (Colubridae) on Isla Saona, Republica Dominicana. Amphibia-Reptilia 2: 153-163 - get paper here
  • Schmidt, K. P. 1921. Notes on the herpetology of Santo Domingo. Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist. 44: 7-20. - get paper here
  • Schwartz, A. & Henderson, R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
  • Schwartz, A. and R. W. Henderson 1984. Uromacer oxyrhynchus. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles (358. - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
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