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Uromastyx aegyptia (FORSKÅL, 1775)

IUCN Red List - Uromastyx aegyptia - Vulnerable, VU

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Higher TaxaAgamidae (Uromastycinae), Sauria, Iguania, Squamata (lizards)
SubspeciesUromastyx aegyptia aegyptia (FORSKAL 1775)
Uromastyx aegyptia microlepis ARNOLD 1980
Uromastyx aegyptia leptieni WILMS & BÖHME 2000 
Common NamesE: Egyptian Mastigure, Egyptian Spiny–tailed Lizard
G: Ägyptischer Dornschwanz
E: Leptien’s Mastigure (leptieni)
G: Leptiens Dornschwanzagame (leptieni) 
SynonymLacerta aegyptia FORSKAL 1775: 13
Lacerta harbai FORSKAL 1775: 9
Stellio spinipes DAUDIN 1802: 31
Lacerta herbai MERREM 1820: 56 (nom. subst.)
Uromastix spinipes — GEOFFROY ST Hilaire 1827: 125
Stellio spinipes — CUVIER 1831: 121
Uromastix spinipes — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1837: 541
Uromastix spinifer — BRÜHL 1874 (in error)
Uromastix spinipes — BOULENGER 1885: 407
Uromastix spinipes — BOULENGER 1887: 407
Uromastix aegyptius — ANDERSON 1896: 79
Uromastyx aegyptius — SCHMIDT 1939
Uromastix aegyptius — SCHMIDT 1941
Uromastyx aegyptia — WILMS 2002: 16
Uromastyx aegyptia — WILMS et al. 2009
Uromastyx aegyptia — TAMAR et al. 2017
Uromastyx aegyptia — BAR et al. 2021

Uromastyx aegyptia leptieni WILMS & BÖHME 2000
Uromastyx leptieni WILMS & BÖHME 2000
Uromastyx leptieni — WILMS 2007
Uromastyx leptieni — SINDACO & JEREMČENKO 2008
Uromastyx aegyptia leptieni — WILMS et a. 2009
Uromastyx aegyptia leptieni — TAMAR et al. 2017

Uromastyx aegyptia microlepis ARNOLD 1980
Uromastix microlepis BLANFORD 1874
Uromastix microlepis — BOULENGER 1885: 407
Uromastix microlepis — SCHMIDT 1939
Uromastyx aegyptius microlepis – MERTENS 1956: 93
Uromastyx microlepis — HAAS 1957
Uromastyx microlepis — LEVITON & ANDERSON 1967: 164
Uromastyx microlepis — EISSA & ASSY 1975
Uromastyx microlepis — HORNBY 1996
Uromastyx aegyptius microlepis — MÜLLER 1996
Uromastyx aegyptius microlepis — CUNNINGHAM 2000
Uromastyx aegyptius microlepis — WILMS & WAGMANN 2007
Uromastyx aegyptia microlepis — WILMS et al. 2009
Uromastyx aegyptia microlepis — AL-SHAMMARI 2012
Uromastyx aegyptia microlepis — AL-SADOON et al. 2016
Uromastyx aegyptia microlepis — TAMAR et al. 2017 
DistributionEgypt (East of the Nile, incl. Sinai), Israel, N Saudi Arabia, Oman, Iraq, Iran, Syria, Jordan

leptieni: Oman, United Arab Emirates (vicinity of Muscat in the south through the Batina coastal plain and the eastern foothills of the Hajar al-Gharbi mountains to the Musandam Peninsula in the north); Type locality: Wadi Sijii, United Arab Emirates (UAE).

microlepis: deserts and semideserts of Arabia (Saudi Arabia, Yemen, Oman, United Arab Emirates, Qatar, Kuwait), in Jordan, Syria, Iraq and coastal Iran; Type locality: vicinity of Basrah, Iraq.

Type locality: Egypt.  
TypesNeotype: ZFMK 44216, and lectotype designated by Wilms & Böhme 2000.
Lectotype: BMNH 1946.8.14.55 [microlepis]
Holotype: ZFMK 52398, adult female, coll. R. LEPTIEN, VI. 1983; Paratypes: BMNH, 3 males, 1 female, 3 juveniles [leptieni] 
CommentOne of the largest species of the genus with a total length of up to 76 cm.

Distribution: not in Libya fide Bauer et al. 2017. See map in SMID et al. 2014 for distribution in Iran. See map in Burriel-Carranza et al. 2019 for map in UAE. See Bar et al. 2021 for a map.

Type species: Stellio spinipes DAUDIN 1802 (= Uromastyx aegyptia) is the type species of the genus Uromastyx MERREM 1820. 
EtymologyThe species was named after its distribution in Egypt.

The genus name of Uromastyx is derived from the Greek “uro” (or “ouros”), meaning tail, and “mastix” meaning “whip” (even though the tail does not exactly look like nor is used as a whip). Uromastyx is feminine. 
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