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Uromastyx alfredschmidti WILMS & BÖHME, 2001

IUCN Red List - Uromastyx alfredschmidti - Near Threatened, NT

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Higher TaxaAgamidae (Uromastycinae), Sauria, Iguania, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Schmidt’s Mastigure, Schmidt’s Spiny-tailed Lizard
G: Schmidts Dornschwanzagame 
SynonymUromastyx alfredschmidti WILMS & BÖHME 2000
Uromastyx alfredschmidti — WILMS 2007
Uromastyx alfredschmidti — WILMS et al. 2009
Uromastyx alfredschmidti — TAMAR et al. 2017 
DistributionSW Libya, SE Algeria

Type locality: Tassili N’Ajjer, Tamrit Plateau (1600 m elevation), approx. 30 km northeast Djanet, Algeria.  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: ZFMK 24643, adult male, leg. Dr. G. Wangorsch, 22.07.1974. 
CommentPhylogenetics: The genetic divergence of Uromastyx alfredschmidti and U. geyri is among the lowest in the genus, and they share alleles even between samples from distant localities, not presenting any geographic structure. These unexpected results may stem from a recent speciation event (Figure 2 in Tamar et al. 2017), thus the lack of substantial time to accumulate genetic divergence. However, the two species are morphologically distinct, even though they are sympatric in the Tassili N’Ajjer area in Algeria; Tamar et al. retain them as valid species and advocate for further taxonomic scrutiny with other sources of data to fully evaluate the status of these two taxa.

Differential diagnosis: U. alfredschmidti is distinguished from U. thomasi and U. princeps by the longer and narrower tail (79.31–87.26 % of SVL in U. alfredschmidti vs. 25.00–36.16 % in U. thomasi and 34.62–52.55 % in U. princeps); from the species of the U. ocellata group and U. macfadyeni by the arrangement of the annuli of the tail: last 8–21 forming a continuous scale row each (U. ocellata group and U. macfadyeni) vs. 2–3 whorls forming a continuous scale row in U. alfredschmidti; from U. aegyptia and U. occidentalis by the lower scale counts around midbody (238–322 in U. aegyptia, 297–301in U. occidentalisvs. 138–202 in U. alfredschmidti), from U. acanthinura, U. nigriventris and U. disparby its longer tail (79.31–87.26 % of SVL in U. alfredschmidti vs. 50.27–74.42 in U. acanthinura, 47.83–70 % in U. dispar and 43.48–75.14 % in U. nigriventris). From U. geyri it is distinguished by differences in the scalation of the flanks (enlarged triangular and imbricate scales in U. alfredschmidti vs. enlarged tubercular scales in U. geyri), as well as the complete black colouration of adult males in U. alfredschmidti.

Distribution: not in the Hoggar Mountains, Algeria (Sindaco et al. 2012). 
EtymologyNamed after Alfred A. Schmidt (born 23 Dec 1923), German herpetoculturista and patron. See Obst 2013 for biographical details. 
References
  • Bauer, Aaron M.; Jonathan C. DeBoer , Dylan J. Taylor 2017. Atlas of the Reptiles of Libya. Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. 64 (8): 155-318 - get paper here
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Sindaco, R. & Jeremcenko, V.K. 2008. The reptiles of the Western Palearctic. Edizioni Belvedere, Latina (Italy), 579 pp. - get paper here
  • Sindaco, Roberto; Thomas M. Wilms, Alberto Venchi 2012. On the distribution of Uromastyx alfredschmidti Wilms and Böhme, 2000 (Squamata: Agamidae: Uromastycinae). Acta Herpetologica 7 (1): 23-28 - get paper here
  • Tamar, Karin; Margarita Metallinou , Thomas Wilms , Andreas Schmitz , Pierre‐André Crochet , Philippe Geniez , Salvador Carranza 2017. Evolutionary history of spiny-tailed lizards (Agamidae: Uromastyx) from the Saharo-Arabian region. Zool Scripta 2017;00:1–15 - get paper here
  • Trape, J.F.; Trape, S. & Chirio, L. 2012. Lézards, crocodiles et tortues d'Afrique occidentale et du Sahara. IRD Orstom, 503 pp. - get paper here
  • Wilms, T. 2001. Dornschwanzagamen, 2. Aufl. Herpeton, Offenbach, 142 pp. - get paper here
  • Wilms, T. 2007. Dornschwanzagamen der Gattung Uromastyx - Einführung in Taxonomie und Ökologie einer auf Wüsten spezialisierten Echsengruppe. Draco 8 (31): 4-19 - get paper here
  • Wilms, T. & W. Böhme 2001. Revision der Uromastyx acanthinura - Artengruppe, mit Beschreibung einer neuen Art aus der Zentralsahara (Reptilia: Sauria: Agamidae). Zool. Abh. Staatl. Mus. Tierk. Dresden 51 (8) - get paper here
  • Wilms, Thomas; Böhme, Wolfgang; Wagner, Philipp; Lutzmann, Nicolà; Andreas Schmitz 2009. On the Phylogeny and Taxonomy of the Genus Uromastyx Merrem, 1820 (Reptilia: Squamata: Agamidae: Uromastycinae) – Resurrection of the Genus Saara Gray, 1845. Bonner zoologische Beiträge 56: 55-99 - get paper here
 
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