Uromastyx ocellata LICHTENSTEIN, 1823
|Higher Taxa||Agamidae (Uromastycinae), Sauria (lizards)|
|Common Names||Ocellated Spinytail|
|Synonym||Uromastyx ocellatus LICHTENSTEIN 1823: 107|
Uromastix ocellatus — ANDERSON 1898: 127
Aporoscelis princeps - SCORTECCI 1933
Uromastix ocellatus — LOVERIDGE 1936: 58
Uromastyx ocellata — WERMUTH 1967: 104
Uromastyx ocellata ocellata — WILMS 2002: 16
Uromastyx ocellata — WILMS et al. 2009
|Distribution||NW Somalia, Djibouti, Eritrea, N Sudan, SE Egypt, Ethiopia (near Somalian border)|
Type locality: “Nubia” (and Syria). Map legend:
- Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.
NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
|Types||Syntypes: ZMB 809, Nubia; ZMB 811–13, Nubia; ZMB 810, Syria; all specimens leg. Hemprich & Ehrenberg. After DENZER et al. (1997), ZMB 811–13 are lost which we cannot confirm at least for ZMB 811.|
|Comment||Uromastyx ocellata macfadyeni PARKER 1932 is now treated as a full species (again). Uromastyx ocellata ornata has been elevated to full species status and U. o. philbyi is now treated as subspecies of U. ornata.|
Max length: 30 cm.
Differential diagnosis: Uromastyx ocellata is distinguished from U. thomasi and U. princepsby the significantly longer tail. From all remaining species of the genus (with the exception of the U. ocellata group and U. macfadyeni) by the arrangement of the annuli of the tail: last 8–21 forming a continuous scale row each (U. ocellata group and U. macfadyeni) vs. 2–5 whorls forming a continuous scale row (all other Uromastyxspecies). From U. benti, U. shobraki and U. yemenensis the species differs in possessing preanofemoralpores and from U. ornataand U. macfadyeni in lacking enlarged scales on the anterior margin of the ear opening.