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Uromastyx ocellata LICHTENSTEIN, 1823

IUCN Red List - Uromastyx ocellata - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaAgamidae (Uromastycinae), Sauria, Iguania, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesOcellated Spinytail 
SynonymUromastyx ocellatus LICHTENSTEIN 1823: 107
Uromastix ocellatus — ANDERSON 1898: 127
Aporoscelis princeps — SCORTECCI 1933
Uromastix ocellatus — LOVERIDGE 1936: 58
Uromastyx ocellata — WERMUTH 1967: 104
Uromastyx ocellata ocellata — WILMS 2002: 16
Uromastyx ocellata — WILMS et al. 2009
Uromastyx ocellata — TAMAR et al. 2017 
DistributionNW Somalia, Djibouti, Eritrea, N Sudan, SE Egypt, Ethiopia (near Somalian border)

Type locality: “Nubia” (and Syria).  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesSyntypes: ZMB 809, Nubia; ZMB 811–13, Nubia; ZMB 810, Syria; all specimens leg. Hemprich & Ehrenberg. After DENZER et al. (1997), ZMB 811–13 are lost which we cannot confirm at least for ZMB 811. 
CommentUromastyx ocellata macfadyeni PARKER 1932 is now treated as a full species (again). Uromastyx ocellata ornata has been elevated to full species status and U. o. philbyi is now treated as subspecies of U. ornata.

Max length: 30 cm. 
References
  • Anderson, J. 1898. Zoology of Egypt. Vol. l. Reptilia and Batrachia. B. Quaritch, London
  • Frahm, S. 2006. Die Geschmückte Dornschwanzagame (Uromastyx ocellata). Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 64 pp. - get paper here
  • Joger,U. 1987. An interpetation of reptile zoogeography in Arabia, with special reference to Arabian herpetofaunal relations with Africa. In: Krupp,F., Schneider,W. & Kinzelbach,R. (eds.): Proceedings of the symposium on the fauna and zoogeography of the Middle Eas Beihefte zum Tübinger Atlas des Vorderen Orients, A 28, Wiesbaden: 257-271.
  • Kliche, B. 2004. Angaben zur Haltung, Zucht und Aufzucht von Uromastyx ocellata LICHTENSTEIN 1823. Sauria, Berlin 26 (3): 23-28 - get paper here
  • Largen, M.J.; Spawls, S. 2006. Lizards of Ethiopia (Reptilia Sauria): an annotated checklist, bibliography, gazetteer and identification. Tropical Zoology 19 (1): 21-109 - get paper here
  • Largen, M.J.; Spawls, S. 2010. Amphibians and Reptiles of Ethiopia and Eritrea. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 694 pp.
  • Leviton,A.E.; Anderson,S.C.; Adler, K.; Minton,S.A. 1992. Handbook to Middle East Amphibians and Reptiles. SSAR, Oxford, Ohio (Contr. to Herpetol. No. 8), 1-252
  • Lichtenstein, M. HINRICH C. 1823. Verzeichniss der Doubletten des zoologischen Museums der Königl. Universität zu Berlin nebst Beschreibung vieler bisher unbekannter Arten von Säugethieren, Vögeln, Amphibien und Fischen. Königl. Preuss. Akad. Wiss./ T. Trautwein, Berlin. x, 118 pages - get paper here
  • Loveridge, A. 1936. African reptiles and amphibians in the Field Museum of Natural History. Zool. Ser. Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Chicago, 22 (1): 1-122 - get paper here
  • Mohammed, Elagba H. A. and Dawi M. Hammad 2008. Notes on a sympatric population of two species of spiny-tailed lizards in Sudan: Uromastyx dispar Heyden, 1827, and U. ocellata Lichtenstein, 1823 (Sauria: Agamidae). Zoology in the Middle East 44: 51-56 - get paper here
  • Mudde, P. & Hofstra, G. 2008. Nieuwe Uromastyx soorten in de hobby. Lacerta 65 (6): 254-262 [2007] - get paper here
  • Schmidt, K. P. & Marx, H. 1956. The herpetology of Sinai. Fieldiana 39 (4): 21-40 - get paper here
  • Sindaco, R. & Jeremcenko, V.K. 2008. The reptiles of the Western Palearctic. Edizioni Belvedere, Latina (Italy), 579 pp. - get paper here
  • Tamar, Karin; Margarita Metallinou , Thomas Wilms , Andreas Schmitz , Pierre‐André Crochet , Philippe Geniez , Salvador Carranza 2017. Evolutionary history of spiny-tailed lizards (Agamidae: Uromastyx) from the Saharo-Arabian region. Zool Scripta 2017;00:1–15 - get paper here
  • Wilms, T. 2001. Dornschwanzagamen, 2. Aufl. Herpeton, Offenbach, 142 pp. - get paper here
  • Wilms, T. 2002. Uromastyx - spiny-tailed agamas. Reptilia (GB) (21): 12-18 - get paper here
  • Wilms, T. 2002. Habits, care and breeding of spiny-tailed agamas (the Uromastyx-ocellata complex as an example). Reptilia (GB) (21): 19-29 - get paper here
  • Wilms, T. 2007. Dornschwanzagamen der Gattung Uromastyx - Einführung in Taxonomie und Ökologie einer auf Wüsten spezialisierten Echsengruppe. Draco 8 (31): 4-19 - get paper here
  • Wilms, T.; Strassen, B.; Oppermann, A. & Petri, C. 2007. Ein Beitrag zur artgerechten Einrichtung und Beleuchtung von Terrarien für die Haltung von Dornschwanzagamen. Draco 8 (31): 20-29 - get paper here
  • Wilms, Th. & W. Böhme 2000. Zur Taxonomie und Verbreitung der Arten der Uromastyx-ocellata-Gruppe (Sauria: Agamidae). Zoology in the Middle East 21:55 - get paper here
  • Wilms, Thomas; Böhme, Wolfgang; Wagner, Philipp; Lutzmann, Nicolà; Andreas Schmitz 2009. On the Phylogeny and Taxonomy of the Genus Uromastyx Merrem, 1820 (Reptilia: Squamata: Agamidae: Uromastycinae) – Resurrection of the Genus Saara Gray, 1845. Bonner zoologische Beiträge 56: 55-99 - get paper here
  • Wilms,T. 1995. Dornschwanzagamen. MÜNSTER: 130 (ISBN 3-9802892-5-7) - get paper here
 
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