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Uromastyx ornata HEYDEN, 1827

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Higher TaxaAgamidae (Uromastycinae), Sauria (lizards) 
SubspeciesUromastyx ornata ornata HEYDEN 1827
Uromastyx ornata philbyi PARKER 1938 
Common NamesE: Ornate Mastigure
G: Bunte Dornschwanzagame 
SynonymUromastyx ornatus HEYDEN in RÜPPELL 1827: 1
Uromastix ornatus — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1837: 538
Uromastix ornatus — BOULENGER 1885: 406
Uromastyx ornatus — WERMUTH 1967: 104
Uromastyx ocellatus ornatus ARNOLD 1986
Uromasyx ocellata ornata — WILMS 1995
Uromastyx ornata ornata — WILMS 2001: 96
Uromastyx ocellata ornata — WILMS 2002: 13,18
Uromastyx ornata — WILMS 2002: 21

Uromastyx ornata philbyi PARKER 1938
Uromastyx philbyi PARKER 1938: 484
Uromastyx philbyi — WERMUTH 1967: 104
Uromastyx ocellata philbyi - JOGER 1987
Uromastyx philbyi — ZARI 1999
Uromastyx ornata philbyi — WILMS 2001: 97
Uromastyx ornata philbyi — WILMS 2007
Uromastyx ornata philbyi — WILMS et al. 2009 
DistributionEgypt, Israel, Saudi Arabia

ornatus: E Egypt, Israel, Saudi Arabia.

philbyi: W Saudi Arabia, NW Yemen; Type locality: between Makkah and Shabwa, southern Hejaz, between Mountains and Rub al Khali, Saudi Arabia.

Type locality: Mohila “an der östlichen Küste des Rothen Meeres” (= Al Muwaylih, Saudi Arabia fide ARNOLD 1986 = Moila, Arabia, fide SCHMIDT & MARX 1956). Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
TypesHolotype: SMF 10403, leg. E. RÜPPELL, 1828.

Holotype: BMNH 1946.8.14.65 (former number: BMNH 1938.2.1.1), male, coll. H. ST. J. B. PHILBY, without date. 
CommentUromastyx ocellata macfadyeni PARKER 1932 is now treated as a full species (again). Illustrations of newborn U. ornata are in WILMS (2002: 24).

Differential diagnosis: Uromastyx ornata is distinguished from U. thomasi and U. princeps by the significantly longer tail. From all remaining species of the genus (with the exception of the U. ocellata group and U. macfadyeni) by the arrangement of the annuli of the tail: last 8–21 forming a continuous scale row each (U. ocellata group and U. macfadyeni) vs. 2–5 whorls forming a continuous scale row (all other Uromastyx species). From U. benti, U. shobraki and U. yemenensis the species differs in possessing preanofemoralpores and from U. ocellatain having enlarged scales on the anterior margin of the ear opening. From U. macfadyeniit is distinguished by a different ratio between tail width at the 5th tail whorl and between 4th and 5th whorl (tail width between the 4th and 5th whorl equivalent to 63–79 % of maximum tail width at the 5th whorl in U. ornata vs. tail width between the 4th and 5th whorl equivalent to 56–62 % of maximum tail width at 5th whorl in U. macfadyeni).

Differential diagnosis (ornata, philbyi): Uromastyx o. ornatais distinguished from U. o. philbyi by its narrower tail (ratio tail length divided by maximum tail width at the 5thwhorl is 3.61–5.3 in ornata vs. 3.03–3.96 in philbyi).

Distribution: listed as questionable/possible for Jordan by DISI et al. 2001. 
References
  • Anderson, J. 1898. Zoology of Egypt. Vol. l. Reptilia and Batrachia. B. Quaritch, London
  • Bar, Aviad and Guy Haimovitch 2012. A Field Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians of Israel. Pazbar LTD, 246 pp. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the Lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. Geckonidae, Eublepharidae, Uroplatidae, Pygopodidae, Agamidae. London: 450 pp. - get paper here
  • Duméril, A. M. C. and G. Bibron. 1837. Erpétologie Générale ou Histoire Naturelle Complete des Reptiles. Vol. 4. Libr. Encyclopédique Roret, Paris, 570 pp. - get paper here
  • Heyden, C. H. G. von. 1827. Reptilien. In Rüppell, E. Atlas zu Reise im nördlichen Afrika. l. Zoologie. H. L. Brönner, Frankfurt a. M., pp. 1-24 - get paper here
  • Joger,U. 1987. An interpetation of reptile zoogeography in Arabia, with special reference to Arabian herpetofaunal relations with Africa. In: Krupp,F., Schneider,W. & Kinzelbach,R. (eds.): Proceedings of the symposium on the fauna and zoogeography of the Middle Eas Beihefte zum Tübinger Atlas des Vorderen Orients, A 28, Wiesbaden: 257-271.
  • Leviton,A.E.; Anderson,S.C.; Adler, K.; Minton,S.A. 1992. Handbook to Middle East Amphibians and Reptiles. SSAR, Oxford, Ohio (Contr. to Herpetol. No. 8), 1-252
  • Lichtenstein, M. HINRICH C. 1823. Verzeichniss der Doubletten des zoologischen Museums der Königl. Universität zu Berlin nebst Beschreibung vieler bisher unbekannter Arten von Säugethieren, Vögeln, Amphibien und Fischen. Königl. Preuss. Akad. Wiss./ T. Trautwein, Berlin. x, 118 pages - get paper here
  • Molco, D. 2007. Beobachtungen zur Lebensweise von Uromastyx ornata in den Eilat-Bergen, Israel. Draco 8 (31): 54-60 - get paper here
  • Mudde, P. & Hofstra, G. 2008. Nieuwe Uromastyx soorten in de hobby. Lacerta 65 (6): 254-262 [2007] - get paper here
  • Parker,H.W. 1938. Reptiles and amphibians of the southern Hejaz. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (11) 1: 481-492
  • Petri, C. 2006. Haltung und Zucht der bunten Dornschwanzagame Uromastyx ornata (HEYDEN 1827) im Terrarium. Iguana-Rundschreiben 19 (2): 26-32
  • Sallam, F.A.E.; Salama, A.B.H. 2006. Comparative biochemical and molecular investigations for the genetic variability of Uromastyx ornata (Agamidae: Reptilia) from Egypt and Saudi Arabia. Journal – Egyptian German Society of<br />Zoology 50C:217-238.
  • Schmidt, K. P. & Marx, H. 1956. The herpetology of Sinai. Fieldiana 39 (4): 21-40 - get paper here
  • Sindaco, R. & Jeremcenko, V.K. 2008. The reptiles of the Western Palearctic. Edizioni Belvedere, Latina (Italy), 579 pp. - get paper here
  • Sindaco, Roberto; Riccardo Nincheri, Benedetto Lanza 2014. Catalogue of Arabian reptiles in the collections of the “La Specola” Museum, Florence. Scripta Herpetologica. Studies on Amphibians and Reptiles in honour of Benedetto Lanza: pp. 137-164 - get paper here
  • Wilms, T. 2001. Dornschwanzagamen, 2. Aufl. Herpeton, Offenbach, 142 pp. - get paper here
  • Wilms, T. 2002. Uromastyx - spiny-tailed agamas. Reptilia (GB) (21): 12-18 - get paper here
  • Wilms, T. 2002. Habits, care and breeding of spiny-tailed agamas (the Uromastyx-ocellata complex as an example). Reptilia (GB) (21): 19-29 - get paper here
  • Wilms, T. 2007. Dornschwanzagamen der Gattung Uromastyx - Einführung in Taxonomie und Ökologie einer auf Wüsten spezialisierten Echsengruppe. Draco 8 (31): 4-19 - get paper here
  • Wilms, T. 2007. Philbys Dornschwanzagame (Uromastyx ornata philbyi) - über eine fast unbekannte Schönheit. Draco 8 (31): 61-66 - get paper here
  • Wilms, Thomas M. and Wolfgang Böhme 2007. Review of the taxonomy of the spiny-tailed lizards of Arabia (Reptilia: Agamidae: Leiolepidinae: Uromastyx). FAUNA OF ARABIA 23: 435–468 - get paper here
  • Wilms, Thomas; Böhme, Wolfgang; Wagner, Philipp; Lutzmann, Nicolà; Andreas Schmitz 2009. On the Phylogeny and Taxonomy of the Genus Uromastyx Merrem, 1820 (Reptilia: Squamata: Agamidae: Uromastycinae) – Resurrection of the Genus Saara Gray, 1845. Bonner zoologische Beiträge 56: 55-99 - get paper here
  • Wilms,T. 1995. Dornschwanzagamen. MÜNSTER: 130 (ISBN 3-9802892-5-7) - get paper here
  • Zari, T. A. 1999. On the reproductive biology of the herbivorous spiny-tailed agamid Uromastyx philbyi in western Saudi Arabia. Zoology in the Middle East 19: 123 - get paper here
 
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