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Uropeltis bicatenata GÜNTHER, 1864

IUCN Red List - Uropeltis bicatenata - Near Threatened, NT

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Higher TaxaUropeltidae, Henophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesBicatenate Uropeltis, Two-chained Uropeltis 
SynonymUropeltis ceylanicus CUVIER 1829 (nomen nudum) (part.)
Silybura bicatenata GÜNTHER 1864
Silybura nilgherriensis BEDDOME 1863
Silybura nilgherriensis — BEDDOME 1864: 178
Uropeltis rubrolineatus (non GÜNTHER 1875) — ALI 1949: 376
Uropeltis (Siluboura) ceylanicus CUVIER 1829 — MAHENDRA 1984 (part.)
Uropeltis bicatenata — GOWER et al. 2008
Uropeltis bicatenata — WALLACH et al. 2014: 779 
DistributionW India (Maharashtra, Pune District)

Type locality: ,,Wynad, Malabar, 3500 feet elevation", S India [incorrect fide MCDIARMID et al. 1999]; the correct locality is “Dekkan” (= Deccan) [in Western India] after GOWER et al., 2008.  
Reproduction 
TypesHolotype: BMNH RR 1946.1.16.8 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: A Uropeltis with 17 dorsal scale rows at midbody and a notably flat-to-mildly-concave tail shield (distinctly not convex). Ranges of variation of seven known specimens: total length 155-264 mm; ventral scales 130-141; subcaudals scales 8-9 (three females) or 10-12 (four males); tail shield with 34-43 keeled scales; typically 7 (uniquely 6, on one side only) maxillary and dentary teeth per row. [GOWER et al. 2008] 
CommentPreviously considered as a synonym of U. ceylanicus, but revalidated by Gower et al. 2008. 
Etymology 
References
  • ALI, S. 1949. Extension of range of the earth snake Uropeltis rubrolineatus (Günther). J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 48:376 - get paper here
  • Beddome, R.H. 1864. Description of new species of the family Uropeltidae from Southern India, with notes on other little-known species. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (3) 13: 177-180 - get paper here
  • Gower, D.J.; Captain, A. & Thakur, S.S. 2008. On the taxonomic status of Uropeltis bicatenata (GÜNTHER) (Reptilia: Serpentes: Uropeltidae). Hamadryad 33 (1): 64 – 82
  • Günther, A. 1864. The Reptiles of British India. London (Taylor & Francis), xxvii + 452 pp. - get paper here
  • Mahendra B C 1984. Handbook of the snakes of India, Ceylon, Burma, Bangladesh and Pakistan. ANNALS OF ZOOLOGY (AGRA) 22 (B): i-xvi, 1-412
  • Pyron R. A., Ganesh S. R., Sayyed A., Sharma V., Wallach V. & Somaweera R. 2016. A catalogue and systematic overview of the shield-tailed snakes (Serpentes: Uropeltidae). [type catalogue] Zoosystema 38 (4): 453-506 - get paper here
  • Thite, Vedant and Anish Kirtane. 2013. First note on polychromatism in Uropeltis bicatenata (Günther, 1864). [in English and German]. Sauria 35 (4): 59-62 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
 
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