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Uropeltis liura (GÜNTHER, 1875)

IUCN Red List - Uropeltis liura - Data Deficient, DD

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Higher TaxaUropeltidae, Henophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Günther's Earth Snake 
SynonymSilybura liura GÜNTHER 1875
Silybura liura — BEDDOME 1886: 18
Silybura liura — BOULENGER 1893: 149
Uropeltis liura — SMITH 1943: 84
Uropeltis liura — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 146
Uropeltis liura — DAS 2003
Uropeltis liura — WALLACH et al. 2014: 780 
DistributionS India (Anamallai [N.S. Achyuthan, pers. comm.] Madura and Tinnevelly HilIs, 3,000—5,000 feet, Kerala, Tamil Nadu)

Type locality: „Malabar".  
TypesHolotype: BMNH 1946.1.16.7 (formerly; Madura Hills). 
DiagnosisDescription: Snout acutely pointed; portion of rostral visible from above as long as its distance from the frontal; nasals in contact with one another; eye not quite half the length of the ocular shield. Scales in 17 rows; V. 174-188, one and a half times as broad as the adjacent scales; C. 8-12. Tail slightly compressed, rounded above; terminal caudal scales; terminal scute ending in a transverse ridge with two points (Smith 1943: 84).

Coloration: Purplish-brown above, each scale edged with darker, and with transverse series of small yellow, black-edged ocelli; sides and lower parts with large, alternating black and yellow spots or cross-bars (Smith 1943: 84).

Size: Total length: 320, diameter 9 mm (Smith 1943: 84). 
  • Beddome, R.H. 1886. An account of the earth snakes of the Peninsula of India and Ceylon. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (5) 17: 3-33. - get paper here
  • Bhupathy, Subramanian & N. Sathishkumar 2013. Status of reptiles in Meghamalai and its environs, Western Ghats, Tamil Nadu, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 5 (15): 4953-4961 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1893. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. London (Taylor & Francis), 448 pp. - get paper here
  • Das, Indraneil 2003. Growth of Knowledge on the Reptiles of India, with an Introduction to Systematics, Taxonomy and Nomenclature. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 100 (2-3): 446-502 - get paper here
  • Günther,A. 1875. Second report on collections of Indian Reptiles obtained bv the British Museum. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1875: 224-234 - get paper here
  • McDiarmid, R.W.; Campbell, J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. [type catalogue] Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • Palot, M.J. 2015. A checklist of reptiles of Kerala, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 7(13): 8010–8022 - get paper here
  • Pyron R. A., Ganesh S. R., Sayyed A., Sharma V., Wallach V. & Somaweera R. 2016. A catalogue and systematic overview of the shield-tailed snakes (Serpentes: Uropeltidae). [type catalogue] Zoosystema 38 (4): 453-506 - get paper here
  • Sharma, R. C. 2004. Handbook Indian Snakes. AKHIL BOOKS, New Delhi, 292 pp.
  • Smith, M.A. 1943. The Fauna of British India, Ceylon and Burma, Including the Whole of the Indo-Chinese Sub-Region. Reptilia and Amphibia. 3 (Serpentes). Taylor and Francis, London. 583 pp.
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Whitaker, Romulus and Ashok Captain 2004. Snakes of India. Draco Books, 500 pp., reprinted 2007 - get paper here
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