Uropeltis woodmasoni (THEOBALD, 1876)
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|Higher Taxa||Uropeltidae, Henophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)|
|Common Names||E: Woodmason's Earth Snake|
|Synonym||Silybura wood-masoni THEOBALD 1876: 135|
Silybura melanogaster GÜNTHER 1875 (non Uropeltis melanogaster GRAY 1858)
Silybura nigra BEDDOME 1878
Silybura nigra — BEDDOME 1886: 12
Silybura nigra — BOULENGER 1893: 151
Uropeltis wood-masoni — SMITH 1943
Uropeltis ruhunae DERANIYAGALA 1954
Uropeltis ruhunae — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 151
Uropeltis woodmasoni — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 151
Uropeltis woodmasoni — DAS 2003
Uropeltis ruhunae — WALLACH et al. 2014: 782
Uropeltis woodmasoni — WALLACH et al. 2014: 782
|Distribution||S India (Anamalai and Palni Hills, Travancore, Tinnevelly, Nilgiris, Kerala, Tamil Nadu)|
Type locality: „Anamallys and Travancore [Silybura melanogaster GÜNTHER]
Type locality: ,,Palney hills”, S India. [Silybura wood-masoni THEOBALD]
Type locality: Pulney Mountains, 4,000 feet elevation". [Silybura nigra BEDDOME]
|Types||Holotype: ZSI 8760|
Holotype: BMNH 1918.104.22.168 (formerly 22.214.171.1242) [Silybura melanogaster GÜNTHER]
Syntypes: BMNH 19126.96.36.199 (formerly 188.8.131.52.20); 19184.108.40.206 (220.127.116.11) — 1918.104.22.168 (22.214.171.124); MNHN = MHNP 95.85 (2 specimens). [Silybura nigra BEDDOME]
Holotype: NMSL RS 52 (= CNM R. S. 52); (fide WICKRAMASINGHE et al. 2009, Zootaxa 2044: 1-22) [ruhunae]
|Diagnosis||Original description (ruhunae): Color: dorsally head dark olive, body dark bluish olive with 33 alternate transverse rows of five or six white dots each dot being as large as the eye. Ventrally yellow ochre a sinuous upper margin and with an anterior median elliptical dark patch of about three or four head lengths and 22 black transverse blotches.|
Scales (ruhunae): rostral rounded, its dorsal past as long as frontal which is slightly longer than wide, nasals and prefrontals meeting their fellows mesially. No genials, costals 19.19.19, ventrals 10, preanals 2 enlarged, subcaudals 10, caudal shield convex with two blunt points and with about eight blunt prominences, in dorsal, view its length is about half of head length.
Diagnosis (ruhunae): Differs from the other two Ceylon Silubouras and from the Indian U. grandis in ventral scalation and color [from DERANIYAGALA 1954].
|Comment||Synonymy: S. melanogaster GÜNTHER 1875 is a secondary junior homonym of Uropeltis melanogaster GRAY 1858. It is hence unavailable und therfore has been replaced by the next available name by GANS 1966. U. ruhunae was synonymized with U. woodmasoni by Pyron et al. 2016.|
Distribution: the locality of ruhunae is likely in error. Although it was reported from Sri Lanka (Galle district, Southern Province) with its type locality: „Galle", Ceylon, Pyron et al. 2016 are almost certain it doesn’t occur there.
|Etymology||Named after Dr. James Wood-Mason (1846-1893), a lepidopterist and specialist in marine animals who worked for the Indian Museum (1877).|
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