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Urosaurus bicarinatus (DUMÉRIL, 1856)

IUCN Red List - Urosaurus bicarinatus - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaPhrynosomatidae, Sceloporinae; Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
SubspeciesUrosaurus bicarinatus bicarinatus (DUMÉRIL 1856)
Urosaurus bicarinatus anonymorphus (MITTLEMAN 1941)
Urosaurus bicarinatus nelsoni (SCHMIDT 1921)
Urosaurus bicarinatus spinosus BUMZAHEM & SMITH 1954
Urosaurus bicarinatus tuberculatus (SCHMIDT 1921) 
Common NamesTropical tree lizard 
SynonymPhymatolepis bicarinatus DUMÉRIL 1856: 549
Uta bicarinata — COPE 1864: 177
Uta bicarinata — BOULENGER 1885: 215
Uta bicarinata — GÜNTHER 1885: 62
Uta bi-carinata bi-carinata — MITTLEMAN 1941: 70
Uta unica MITTLEMAN 1941 (fide WIENS 1993)
Urosaurus unicus — SMITH & TAYLOR 1950: 147
Urosaurus bicarinatus bicarinatus — MITTLEMAN 1942: 164
Urosaurus bicarinatus bicarinatus — SMITH & TAYLOR 1950: 146
Urosaurus bicarinatus bicarinatus — CAMARILLO-RANGEL 1983
Urosaurus bicarinatus — LINER 1994
Urosaurus bicarinatus — SMITH & LEMOS-ESPINAL 2005
Urosaurus bicarinatus — MATA-SILVA et al. 2015

Urosaurus bicarinatus anonymorphus (MITTLEMAN 1941)
Uta anonymorpha MITTLEMAN 1941: 34
Uta bicarinata anonymorpha — MITTLEMAN 1941: 71
Urosaurus bicarinatus anonymorphus — MITTLEMAN 1942: 166
Urosaurus bicarinatus anonymorphus — SMITH & TAYLOR 1950: 146
Urosaurus bicarinatus anonymorphus — LINER & CASAS-ANDREU 2008

Urosaurus bicarinatus nelsoni (SCHMIDT 1921)
Uta nelsoni SCHMIDT 1921: 4
Uta bicarinata nelsoni — MITTLEMAN 1941: 72
Urosaurus bicarinatus nelsoni — MITTLEMAN 1942: 168
Urosaurus bicarinatus nelsoni — SMITH & TAYLOR 1950: 147
Urosaurus bicarinatus nelsoni — LINER & CASAS-ANDREU 2008

Urosaurus bicarinatus spinosus BUMZAHEM & SMITH 1954
Urosaurus bicarinatus spinosus BUMZAHEM & SMITH 1954: 181
Urosaurus bicarinatus spinosus — COCHRAN 1961: 152
Urosaurus bicarinatus spinosus — LINER & CASAS-ANDREU 2008

Urosaurus bicarinatus tuberculatus (SCHMIDT 1921)
Uta tuberculata SCHMIDT 1921: 4
Uta bi-carinata tuberculata — MITTLEMAN 1941: 73
Urosaurus bicarinatus tuberculatus — MITTLEMAN 1942: 169
Urosaurus bicarinatus tuberculatus — SMITH & TAYLOR 1950: 147
Urosaurus bicarinatus tuberculatus — LEWIS 1956
Urosaurus bicarinatus — MCDIARMID 1963
Urosaurus bicarinatus tuberculatus — WEBB 1984
Urosaurus bicarinatus tuberculatus — LEMOS-ESPINAL et al. 2004
Urosaurus bicarinatus tuberculatus — LINER & CASAS-ANDREU 2008 
DistributionSE Mexico (Sonora, Michoacán, Guerrero, Puebla, Morelos, Oaxaca, Chiapas, Jalisco, Aguascalientes, Durango, México)

bicarinatus: Pacific slopes from Michoacán to C Guerrero, and up the basin of the Río Balsas to S Puebla; Morelos, Sinaloa. Type locality: Mexico. Restricted to Cuernavaca, Morelos by SMITH & TAYLOR 1950.

anonymorphus: Pacific slopes in E Guerrero, Oaxaca, and W Chiapas. Type locality: Tehuantepec, Oaxaca.

nelsoni: Oaxaca. Type locality: Cuicatlán, Oaxaca.

tuberculatus: Mexico (S Sonora southward to Jalisco, Sinaloa, Colima, Nayarit); Type locality: Colima, Colima, Mexico.

unicus: Chihuahua. Type locality: Chihuahua. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
TypesSyntypes: MNHN Paris (bicarinatus)
Holotype: USNM 46988 (anonymorphus)
Holotype: USNM 46836 (nelsoni) - collected by E.W. Nelson and E.A. Goldman.
Holotype: USNM 113341, male, Tonala, Chiapas, Mexico. H. M. Smith, Jan. 26-30, 1940; Paratype: 113342, 9 , same data. [spinosus]
Holotype: AMNH 13737 (tuberculatus)
Holotype: USNM 14248 (unicus) 
CommentSubspecies and synonymy mostly after SMITH & TAYLOR 1950.

Distribution: see map in Feldman et al. 2011. 
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  • Bumzahem, Carlos B. & Hobart M. Smith 1954. A new race of Urosaurus bicarinatus (Reptilia: Squamata) from Chiapas, Mexico. Herpetologica 10: 181-183 - get paper here
  • Camarillo Rangel, J.L. 1983. New herpetological records from the state of Mexico. Bull. Maryland Herp. Soc. 19(2):39-46 - get paper here
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  • CASTIGLIA,RICCARDO; FLAVIA ANNESI, ALEXANDRA M.R. BEZERRA, ANDRÉS GARCÍA & OSCAR FLORES-VILLELA 2010. Cytotaxonomy and DNA taxonomy of lizards (Squamata, Sauria) from a tropical dry forest in the Chamela-Cuixmala Biosphere Reserve on the coast of Jalisco, Mexico. Zootaxa 2508: 1–29 - get paper here
  • Castro Franco, R. & M. G. Bustos-Zagal 2003. Lagartijas de Morelos, México: distribución, hábitat y conservación. Acta Zoológica Mexicana (n.s.) 88:123-142 - get paper here
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  • Cobarrubias, Edgar Flores; Daniel Cruz-Sáenz, and David Lazcano 2012. Notes on the Herpetofauna of Western Mexico 6: Amphibians and Reptiles of Hostotipaquillo, Jalisco, Mexico. Bull. Chicago Herp. Soc. 47 (2):21-26 - get paper here
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  • Cruz-Sáenz, Daniel, Ángeles Penilla-Juarez and David Lazcano. 2013. Notes on the Herpetofauna of Western Mexico 10: Herpetofauna of the Protected Natural Area “Estero El Salado” and Adjacent Areas in Puerto Vallarta, Jalisco, Mexico. Bull. Chicago Herp. Soc. 48 (9):117-119 - get paper here
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  • Ramírez-Bautista, Aurelio; Uriel Hernández-Salinas and J. Gastón Zamora-Abrego 2016. Growth ecology of the tree lizard Urosaurus bicarinatus (Squamata: Phrynosomatidae), in a tropical dry forest of the Chamela Region, Mexico Animal Biology, DOI: 10.1163/15707563-00002497 - get paper here
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