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Urosaurus graciosus HALLOWELL, 1854

IUCN Red List - Urosaurus graciosus - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaPhrynosomatidae, Sceloporinae; Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
SubspeciesUrosaurus graciosus graciosus HALLOWELL 1854
Urosaurus graciosus shannoni LOWE 1955 
Common Namesgraciosus: Western Long-tailed Brush Lizard
shannoni: Arizona Long-tailed Brush Lizard 
SynonymUrosaurus graciosus HALLOWELL 1854: 92
Uta graciosa — BAIRD 1859: 63
Uta gratiosa [sic] — BOULENGER 1885: 213
Uta graciosa — STEJNEGER 1893: 177
Uta graciosa — BURT 1933
Urosaurus ornatus graciosus — MITTLEMAN 1942: 144
Urosaurus graciosus — SMITH & TAYLOR 1950: 144
Uta graciosa — BRADLEY & DEACON 1966
Urosaurus graciosus — STEBBINS 1985: 135
Urosaurus graciosus — LINER 1994
Urosaurus graciosus graciosus — LINER 2007
Urosaurus graciosus — CROTHER et al. 2012

Urosaurus graciosus shannoni LOWE 1955
Urosaurus graciosus — LINER 2007
Urosaurus graciosus shannoni — CROTHER et al. 2012 
DistributionUSA (SE California, S Nevada, SW Arizona),
Mexico (NE Baja California, NW Sonora)

Type locality: “Lower California” [= Southern California]. Restricted to Winterhaven [= Fort Yuma], California, by SMITH & TAYLOR 1950.

shannoni: Type locality: USA: 2 mi W Morristown, Maricopai County, Arizona; Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesSyntypes: ANSP 8550-8551, Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia
Holotype: FA Shannon private collection 67066, G. Gates; July 27, 1954; paratypes: UIMNH [shannoni] 
CommentVITT & DICKSON (1988) questioned the diagnosability of subspecies in U. graciosus.

Type species: Urosaurus graciosus HALLOWELL 1854: 92 is the type species of the genus Urosaurus HALLOWELL 1854.

Diagnosis (genus): see Ballinger 1972: 19

Distribution: see map in Feldman et al. 2011. 
References
  • Baird, S.F. 1859. Reptiles of the Boundary. In: United States and Mexican Boundary Survey under the Order of Lieut. Col. W. H. Emory, Major First Cavalry, and United States Commisioner. 2, Rept., Pt.2. Department of the Interior, Washington, 35 pp. - get paper here
  • Ballinger, Royce E.; Tinkle, Donald W. 1972. Systematics and evolution of the genus Uta (Sauria: Iguanidae). Miscellaneous publications, Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan (145): 1-83 - get paper here
  • Bezy, R. L., P. C. Rosen, T. R. Van Devender, and E. F. Enderson. 2017. Southern distributional limits of the Sonoran Desert herpetofauna along the mainland coast of northwestern Mexico. Mesoamerican Herpetology 4(1): 138–167 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Vol. 2, Second edition. London, xiii+497 pp. - get paper here
  • Bradley, W. Glen and James E. Deacon 1966. Amphibian and Reptile Records for Southern Nevada. Southwestern Naturalist 11 (1): 132-134 - get paper here
  • Burt, Charles E. 1933. Some lizards from the Great Basin of the West and adjacent areas, with comments on the status of various forms. American Midland Naturalist 14: 228-250 - get paper here
  • Crother, B. I. (ed.) 2012. Standard Common and Current Scientific Names for North American Amphibians, Turtles, Reptiles, and Crocodilians, Seventh Edition. Herpetological Circular 39: 1-92
  • Feldman, Chris R.; Oscar Flores-Villela, Theodore J. Papenfuss 2011. Phylogeny, biogeography, and display evolution in the tree and brush lizard genus Urosaurus (Squamata: Phrynosomatidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 61 (3): 714-725 - get paper here
  • Hallowell,E. 1854. Description of new reptiles from California. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philad. 7 [1854]: 91-97 - get paper here
  • Jones, L.L. & Lovich, R.E. 2009. Lizards of the American Southwest. A photographic field guide. Rio Nuevo Publishers, Tucson, AZ, 568 pp. [review in Reptilia 86: 84] - get paper here
  • Liner, Ernest A. 2007. A CHECKLIST OF THE AMPHIBIANS AND REPTILES OF MEXICO. Louisiana State University Occasional Papers of the Museum of Natural Science 80: 1-60 - get paper here
  • Lowe, C.H. 1955. A New Subspecies of Urosaurus graciosus Hallowell with a Discussion of Relationships Within and of the Genus Urosaurus. Herpetologica 11: 96-101 - get paper here
  • Mittleman,M.B. 1942. A summary of the iguanid genus Urosaurus. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 91: 105-181 - get paper here
  • Mocquard, M.F. 1899. Contribution a la faune herpétologique de la Basse-Californie. Nouv. Arch. Mus. Hist. Natur.Paris, 4th Series, Vol. 1: 297-343 + plates XI-XIII - get paper here
  • Murray, K. 1953. Notes on the taxonomy and distrubution of the lizard species Uta ornata and Uta graciosa. Herpetologica 9: 110-112 - get paper here
  • Rau,C.S. & Loomis,R.B. 1977. A new species of Urosaurus (Reptilia, Lacertilia, Iguanidae) from Baja California, Mexico. Journal of Herpetology 11 (1): 25-29 - get paper here
  • Stebbins,R.C. 1985. A Field Guide to Western Reptiles and Amphibians, 2nd ed. Houghton Mifflin, Boston
  • Stejneger,L.H. 1893. Annotated list of the reptiles and batrachians collected by the Death Valley Expedition in 1891, with descriptions of new species. North American Fauna, No. 7: 159-228 (+ 14 plates + 4 maps) - get paper here
  • Sullivan, Keith and Hunter McCall. 2014. Geographic Distribution: Urosaurus graciosus (long-tailed brush lizard). Herpetological Review 45 (1): 93
  • Vitt,L.J. & Dickson,N.A. 1988. Urosaurus graciosus. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles ( 448 - get paper here
  • Werning, Heiko 2012. Die Reptilien und Amphibien des Südwestens. Draco 13 (50): 18-60 - get paper here
  • Werning, Heiko 2014. Leguane im „Wilden Westen“. Terraria-Elaphe 2014 (2): 16-25
  • Zweifel,R.G. and Norris,K.S. 1955. Contributions to the herpetology of Sonora, Mexico:Descriptions of new subspecies of snakes (Micruroides euryxanthus and Lampropeltis getulus) and miscellaneous collecting notes. American Midland Naturalist 54: 230-249 - get paper here
 
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