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Urosaurus ornatus (BAIRD & GIRARD, 1852)

IUCN Red List - Urosaurus ornatus - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaPhrynosomatidae, Sceloporinae; Iguania, Sauria (lizards) 
SubspeciesUrosaurus ornatus ornatus (BAIRD & GIRARD 1852)
Urosaurus ornatus caeruleus (SMITH 1935)
Urosaurus ornatus chiricahuae (MITTLEMAN 1941)
Urosaurus ornatus lateralis (BOULENGER 1883)
Urosaurus ornatus levis (STEJNEGER 1890)
Urosaurus ornatus linearis (BAIRD 1859)
Urosaurus ornatus schmidti (MITTLEMAN 1940)
Urosaurus ornatus schottii (BAIRD 1858)
Urosaurus ornatus symmetricus (BAIRD 1858)
Urosaurus ornatus wrighti (SCHMIDT 1921) 
Common NamesTree Lizard
levis: Smooth Tree Lizard
schmidti: Big Bend Tree Lizard
schottii: Schott’s Tree Lizard
symmetricus: Colorado River Tree Lizard 
SynonymUta ornata BAIRD & GIRARD 1852
Uta ornata — BOULENGER 1885: 213
Uta ornata ornata — SCHMIDT 1921
Urosaurus ornatus ornatus – MITTLEMAN 1942: 133
Urosaurus ornatus ornatus — SMITH & TAYLOR 1950: 142
Uta ornata — BRADLEY & DEACON 1966
Urosaurus ornatus — STEBBINS 1985: 136
Urosaurus ornatus — LINER 1994
Urosaurus ornatus — CONANT & COLLINS 1991: 111
Urosaurus ornatus — CROTHER et al. 2012

Urosaurus ornatus caeruleus (SMITH 1935)
Uta caerulea SMITH 1935: 172
Urosaurus ornatus caeruleus – MITTLEMAN 1942: 136
Urosaurus ornatus caeruleus — SMITH & TAYLOR 1950: 143

Urosaurus ornatus lateralis (BOULENGER 1883)
Uta ornata lateralis — SMITH 1935
Uta ornata lateralis — TAYLOR 1938: 483

Urosaurus ornatus levis (STEJNEGER 1890)
Uta levis — BURT 1933
Urosaurus ornatus levis— CROTHER 2000: 55
Urosaurus ornatus levis — CROTHER et al. 2012

Urosaurus ornatus schmidti (MITTLEMAN 1941)
Uta ornata schmidti MITTLEMAN 1941
Urosaurus ornatus schmidti — MITTLEMAN 1942
Urosaurus ornatus schmidti — SMITH & TAYLOR 1950: 143
Urosaurus ornatus schmidti — CONANT & COLLINS 1991: 111
Urosaurus ornatus schmidti — CROTHER 2000: 55
Urosaurus ornatus schmidti — CROTHER et al. 2012

Urosaurus ornatus schottii (BAIRD 1858)
Uta schottii BAIRD 1858: 253
Uta ornata var. linearis BAIRD 1859: 7
Uta (Phymatolepis) lateralis BOULENGER 1883: 342
Uta gularis CRAGIN 1884: 7
Uta lateralis — BOULENGER 1885: 214
Uta lateralis — GÜNTHER 1885: 61
Uta ornata linearis — SCHMIDT 1921: 6
Uta ornata lateralis — VAN DENBURGH 1922: 199
Uta ornata schottii — MITTLEMAN 1941: 136
Uta ornata chiricahuae MITTLEMAN 1941
Urosaurus ornatus chiricahuae — MITTLEMAN 1942
Urosaurus ornatus schottii — MITTLEMAN 1942: 149
Urosaurus ornatus linearis — MITTLEMAN 1942
Urosaurus ornatus schottii — SMITH & TAYLOR 1950: 144
Urosaurus ornatus linearis — SMITH & TAYLOR 1950: 143
Urosaurus ornatus chiricahuae — SMITH & TAYLOR 1950: 143
Urosaurus ornatus schottii — CROTHER 2000: 55
Urosaurus ornatus schottii — CROTHER et al. 2012

Urosaurus ornatus symmetricus (BAIRD 1858)
Uta symmetrica BAIRD 1858: 253
Uta symmetrica — COPE 1880: 16
Uta symmetrica — BOULENGER 1885: 213
Uta ornata symmetrica — SCHMIDT 1921: 6
Urosaurus ornatus symmetricus — MITTLEMAN 1942: 142
Urosaurus ornatus symmetricus — SMITH & TAYLOR 1950: 144
Urosaurus ornatus symmetricus — RAU 1977
Urosaurus ornatus symmetricus — CROTHER 2000: 55
Urosaurus ornatus symmetricus — CROTHER et al. 2012

Urosaurus ornatus wrighti (SCHMIDT 1921)
Uta wrigthi SCHMIDT 1921
Urosaurus ornatus wrighti — CMIWEB 2003
Urosaurus ornatus wrighti — CROTHER et al. 2012 
DistributionUSA (SE California, S Nevada, Utah, W Colorado, Arizona, New Mexico, SW/C Texas),
Mexico (Sonora, Sinaloa, Chihuahua, N Coahuila, Durango)

ornatus: USA (C/S Texas, along the Rio Grande River), Mexico (south to N Coahuila). Type locality: Restricted to Río San Pedro [= Devils River], Val Verde County, Texas.

caeruleus: Mexico (C Chihuahua). Type locality: 30 miles north of Chihuahua City, Chihuahua.

chiricahuae: USA (Chiricahua and Dos Cabezas Mountains, Arizona). Type locality: Pinery Canyon, Chiricahua Mountains, 6000 fett, Cochise County, Arizona.

linearis: USA (S Arizona, S New Mexico), Mexico (southward to N Sonora and Chihuahua). Type locality: Los Nogales, Sonora, Mexico.

schmidti: USA (SW Texas, New Mexico), Mexico (N Chihuahua). Type locality: Fort Davis, Jeff Davis County, Texas.

schottii: Mexico (C Sonora and southward to S Sinaloa, Tres Marías Islands, Tiburón Island). Type locality: ”Sta. Madelina, Cal.-Mex. Boundary Survey” [= Magdalena, Sonora, Mexico ?]

symmetricus: USA (S California, Arizona). Mexico (W Sonora, N Baja California). Type locality: Fort Yuma, Imperial County, California. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
TypesSyntypes: USNM 2750 (ornatus)
Holotype: Univ. Kansas Mus. Nat. Hist. KU 19237 (caeruleus)
Holotype: Mus. Vert. Zool. UC 7751 (chiricahuae)
Holotype: USNM 2759 (lost fide SMITH & TAYLOR 1950). Neotype: USNM 62077 from Los Nogales, Sonora (linearis)
Holotype: USNM 32929 (schmidti)
Holotype: USNM 2761 (schottii) (now lost fide SMITH & TAYLOR 1950)
Holotype: USNM 2760 (symmetrica); now lost (fide SMITH & TAYLOR 1950). Neotype: USNM 2744
Holotype: AMNH R18097, male [wrighti] 
CommentSubspecies and synonymy after SMITH & TAYLOR 1950. Uta ornata chiricahuae MITTLEMAN 1941 has been synonymized with U. o. linearis by MURRAY 1953 while linearis has been synonymized with schotti by LANGEBARTEL & SMITH 1954. U. o. wrighti is not listed in CROTHER 2000. 
References
  • Baird, S.F. 1859. Reptiles of the Boundary. In: United States and Mexican Boundary Survey under the Order of Lieut. Col. W. H. Emory, Major First Cavalry, and United States Commisioner. 2, Rept., Pt.2. Department of the Interior, Washington, 35 pp.
  • Baird,S.F. and Girard,C. 1852. Characteristics of some new reptiles in the Museum of the Smithsonian Institution, part 2. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 6: 125-129 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G. A. 1883. Descriptions of new species of lizards and frogs collected by Herr A. Forrer in Mexico. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 11: 342-344 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Vol. 2, Second edition. London, xiii+497 pp. - get paper here
  • Bradley, W. Glen and James E. Deacon 1966. Amphibian and Reptile Records for Southern Nevada. Southwestern Naturalist 11 (1): 132-134 - get paper here
  • Burt, Charles E. 1933. Some lizards from the Great Basin of the West and adjacent areas, with comments on the status of various forms American Midland Naturalist 14: 228-250 - get paper here
  • Conant,R. & Collins,J.T. 1991. A Field Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians of Eastern/Central North America, 3rd ed. Houghton Mifflin (Boston/New York), xx + 450 p.
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  • Cope, E.D. 1880. On the zoological position of Texas. Bull. US Natl. Mus., No. 17: 1-51 - get paper here
  • Cragin 1884. Bull. Washburn Lab. Nat. Hist. 1: 7
  • Crother, B. I. (ed.) 2012. Standard Common and Current Scientific Names for North American Amphibians, Turtles, Reptiles, and Crocodilians, Seventh Edition. Herpetological Circular 39: 1-92
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  • Eaton, Theodore H., Jr 1935. Report on amphibians and reptiles of the Navajo country Bulletin 3. Rainbow Bridge-Monument Valley Expedition : 1-20
  • Feldman, Chris R.; Oscar Flores-Villela, Theodore J. Papenfuss 2011. Phylogeny, biogeography, and display evolution in the tree and brush lizard genus Urosaurus (Squamata: Phrynosomatidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 61 (3): 714-725 - get paper here
  • FLESCH, AARON D.; DON E. SWANN, DALE S. TURNER, AND BRIAN F. POWELL 2010. HERPETOFAUNA OF THE RINCON MOUNTAINS, ARIZONA. Southwestern Naturalist 55(2):240–253 - get paper here
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  • Haenel, G.J. 2009. Isolation and characterization of microsatellite markers in tree lizards (Urosaurus ornatus). Molecular Ecology Resources 9: 597–599
  • Haenel, Gregory J. 1997. Mitochondrial DNA variation in populations of the tree lizard, Urosaurus ornatus Copeia 1997 (1): 174-178 - get paper here
  • Haenel, Gregory J. 2007. Phylogeography of the tree lizard, Urosaurus ornatus: responses of populations to past climate change. Molecular Ecology 16: 4321–4334
  • Herrel, A.; Meyers, J.J.; Van Hooydonck, B. 2001. Correlations between habitat use and body shape in a phrynosomatid lizard (Urosaurus ornatus): a population-level analysis. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 74(3):305-314 - get paper here
  • Langebartel, David A. & SMith, H.M. 1954. Summary of the Norris Collection of reptiles and amphibians from Sonora, Mexico. Herpetologica 10: 125-136 - get paper here
  • Lemos-Espinal, J.A. & Smith, H.M. 2007. Amphibians and reptiles of the state of Coahuila, Mexico. Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, 550 pp.
  • Lemos-Espinal, J.A. & Smith, H.M. 2007. Amphibians and reptiles of the state of Chihuahua, Mexico. Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, 613 pp.
  • Mittleman, M. B. 1941. A new lizard of the genus Uta from Arizona. Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 54: 165-168 - get paper here
  • Mittleman, M. B. 1941. Two new lizards of the genus Uta. Herpetologica 2: 33-38 [1940] - get paper here
  • Mittleman, M. B. 1941. The Status of Uta schottii Baird. Copeia 1941 (3): 136-138 - get paper here
  • Mittleman,M.B. 1942. A summary of the iguanid genus Urosaurus. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 91: 105-181 - get paper here
  • Murray, K. 1953. Notes on the taxonomy and distrubution of the lizard species Uta ornata and Uta graciosa. Herpetologica 9: 110-112 - get paper here
  • Oliver, James A. 1943. The status of Uta ornata lateralis Boulenger. Copeia 1943 (2): 97-107 - get paper here
  • Parker, William S. 1973. Natural history notes on the iguanid lizard Urosaurus ornatus Journal of Herpetology 7 (1): 21-26 - get paper here
  • Rau,C.S. & Loomis,R.B. 1977. A new species of Urosaurus (Reptilia, Lacertilia, Iguanidae) from Baja California, Mexico. Journal of Herpetology 11 (1): 25-29 - get paper here
  • Schmidt 1921. New species of North American lizards of the genera Holbrookia and Uta. American Museum Novitates 22: 1, 6 - get paper here
  • Skubowius, Bernd 2012. Echsen, Schildkröten, Amphibien und Spinnentiere – die vielfältige Welt der „creeping crawlers“ in Arizona Draco 13 (50): 70-78 - get paper here
  • Smith, Geoffrey R. 1996. Habitat use and its effect on body size distribution in a population of the tree lizard, Urosaurus ornatus Journal of Herpetology 30 (4): 528-530 - get paper here
  • Smith, Geoffrey R.;Ballinger, Royce E. 1995. Female reproduction in Urosaurus ornatus from the Chiricahua Mountains of southeastern Arizona Herpetological Natural History 3 (2): 183-186
  • Smith, Hobart M. 1935. Descriptions of new species of lizards from Mexico of the genus Uta, with notes on other Mexican species. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 22 (7): 157-183 - get paper here
  • Smith, Hobart M.;Chiszar, David;Roth, Jan J. 1996. Geographic Distribution. Urosaurus ornatus wrighti Herpetological Review 27 (4): 211-212 - get paper here
  • Smith, Janel M.;Zucker, Nadia 1997. Do female Tree Lizards, Urosaurus ornatus, exhibit mate choice? Journal of Herpetology 31 (2): 179-186 - get paper here
  • Smith,H.M. & Taylor,E.H. 1950. An annotated checklist and key to the reptiles of Mexico exclusive of the snakes. Bull. US Natl. Mus. 199: 1-253 - get paper here
  • Stebbins,R.C. 1985. A Field Guide to Western Reptiles and Amphibians, 2nd ed. Houghton Mifflin, Boston
  • Tanner, Vasco M.;Hayward, C. Lynn 1934. A biological study of the La Sal Mountains, Utah report No. 1 (Ecology) Proceedings of the Utah Academy of Sciences, Arts, and Letters 11: 209-235
  • Valdez Lares, R.; R. Muñiz-Martínez; E.Gadsden; G. Aguirre-León; G. Castañeda-Gaytán; R. Gonzalez-Tr 2013. Checklist of amphibians and reptiles of the state of Durango, México. Check List 9 (4):714-724 - get paper here
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