You are here » home advanced search search results Vanzosaura rubricauda

Vanzosaura rubricauda (BOULENGER, 1902)

Can you confirm these amateur observations of Vanzosaura rubricauda?

Add your own observation of
Vanzosaura rubricauda »

Find more photos by Google images search: Google images

Higher TaxaGymnophthalmidae (Gymnophthalminae), Gymnophthalmini, Sauria, Gymnophthalmoidea, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesRed-tailed vanzosaur 
SynonymGymnophthalmus rubricauda BOULENGER 1902: 337
Gymnophthalmus rubricauda — GALLARDO 1951
Gymnophthalmus rubricauda — GALLARDO 1969: 77
Gymnophthalmus rubricauda — PETERS et al. 1970: 137
Gymnophthalmus rubricaudus — CEI 1986
Vanzosaura rubricauda - RODRIGUES 1991
Gymnophthalmus rubricauda — VANZOLINI 1991
Vanzosaura rubricauda — DIRKSEN & DE LA RIVA 1999
Gymnophthalmus rubricauda — ZIEGLER et al. 2002
Vanzosaura rubricauda — CASTOE et al. 2004
Vanzosaura rubricauda — CACCIALI et al. 2016 
DistributionBolivia (Beni, Cochabamba, Santa Cruz, Tarija),
N Argentina (Salta, Tucumán, Santiago del Estero, Catamarca, Córdoba, La Rioja), Paraguay, Brazil (Mato Grosso do Sul, Mato Grosso, Goiás)

Type locality: Cruz del Eje, Córdoba, Argentina. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesType: BMNH 1946.8.2.22 (and possibly additional specimens). 
CommentType species: Gymnophthalmus rubricauda BOULENGER 1902 is the type species of the genus Vanzosaura RODRIGUES 1991. For a definition (in Portuguese) see RODRIGUES 1991: 335.

Diagnosis: Vanzosaura rubricauda is characterized by: (1) 27–43 smooth subcaudals; (2) 12–16 femoral pores in males; (3) snout round in profile; (4) fore- limbs proportionally short in relation to trunk length, with FAL 54.8 ± 0.02% of TRL in females and 57.5 ± 0.02% in males; (5) colour pattern variable, ranging from no stripes to 12 whitish dorsal stripes, which become irregular or discontinuous on the head; (6) inner ventral row of scales slightly narrower or subequal in relation to the external scales; (7) prefrontal scales usually separated (89%); (8) medium to large size for the genus, with the largest male attaining an SVL of 36.0 mm and the largest female attaining an SVL of 41.5 mm; (9) proportionally short tails for the genus, with an average rate of complete tails (not regenerated) in relation to body size (TAL/ SVL) of 1.51 ± 0.14 [from RECODER et al. 2014]

Synonymy: Gymnophthalmus multiscutatus AMARAL 1932 has been revalidated from the synonymy of Vanzosaura rubricauda by RECODER et al. 2014. 
EtymologyThe generic name is a homage to Dr. Paulo Emílio Vanzolini (1924-2013), one of the most distinguished Brazilian zoologists. About Vanzolini see Heyer (2004), Bastos & Sa 2011, and Dirksen 2013. The specific names is derived from Latin “ruber” = red, and “cauda” = tail, for its red tail. 
References
  • AVILA, LUCIANO JAVIER; LORENA ELIZABETH MARTINEZ & MARIANA MORANDO 2013. Checklist of lizards and amphisbaenians of Argentina: an update. Zootaxa 3616 (3): 201–238
  • Boulenger, George A. 1902. List of the fishes, batrachians, and reptiles collected by the late Mr. P. O. Simons in the Provinces of Mendoza and Cordova, Argentina. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (7) 9 (53): 336-339 - get paper here
  • Cacciali, Pier; Norman J. Scott, Aida Luz Aquino Ortíz, Lee A. Fitzgerald, and Paul Smith 2016. The Reptiles of Paraguay: Literature, Distribution, and an Annotated Taxonomic Checklist SPECIAL PUBLICATION OF THE MUSEUM OF SOUTHWESTERN BIOLOGY, NUMBER 11: 1–373 - get paper here
  • Castoe, T.A.; Doan, T.M. & Parkinson, C.L. 2004. Data partitions and complex models in Bayesian analysis: the phylogeny of Gymnophthalmid lizards. Systematic Biology 53 (3): 448-469 - get paper here
  • Dias, E. J. R. & Lira-da-Silva, R. 1998. Utilização dos recursos alimentares por quatro espécies de lagartos (Phyllopezus pollicaris, Tropidurus hispidus, Mabuya macrorhyncha e Vanzosaura rubricauda) da caatinga (Usina Hidrelétrica de Xingó). Brazilian Journal of Ecology 02: 97-101.
  • Dirksen, L. & De la Riva, I. 1999. The lizards and amphisbaenians of Bolivia (Reptilia, Squamata): checklist, localities, and bibliography. Graellsia 55: 199-215
  • Dirksen, Lutz 2013. Paulo Emilio Vanzolini. Ein Herpetologe aus Leidenschaft. Terraria-Elaphe 2013 (5): 52-54
  • Gallardo, J.M. 1951. Sobre un Teiidae (Reptilia, Sauria) poco conocido para la fauna Argentina. Com. Inst. Nac. Invest. Las Cienc. Nat. II (1): 1-8
  • Gallardo, José M. 1969. Las especies de saurios (Reptilia) de la Provincia de Santa Fe, Argentina, y consideraciones sobre su ecologia y zoogeografia. Neotropica 15 (47): 73-81
  • Gonzáles, L. 1998. La herpetofauna del Izozog. Ecol. Bolivia 31: 45-51.
  • Hellmich, Walter 1960. Die Sauria des Gran Chaco und seiner Randgebiete. Bayerische Akademie der Wissenschaften, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Klasse (101): 1-131
  • Höfling, Elizabeth and Sabine Renous 2004. High frequency of pauses during intermittent locomotion of small South American gymnophthalmid lizards (Squamata, Gymnophthalmidae). Phyllomedusa 3 (2): 83-94 - get paper here
  • Kacoliris F.P.; Berkunsky I. & Williams J. 2006. Herpetofauna of Impenetrable, Argentinean Great Chaco. Phyllomedusa 5 (2): 149-158 - get paper here
  • Peters, James A. & Donoso-Barros, Roberto 1970. Catalogue of the Neotropical Squamata: Part II. Lizards and Amphisbaenians. Bull. US Natl. Mus. 297: 293 pp. - get paper here
  • Pheasey, Helen, Paul Smith, Jean-Paul Brouard and Karina Atkinson. 2014. Vanzosaura rubricauda (red-tailed vanzosaur) bifurcation and trifurcation. Herpetological Review 45 (1): 138-139
  • Recoder, Renato Sousa, Milton Cezar Ribeiro and Miguel Trefaut Rodrigues. 2013. Spatial variation in morphometry in Vanzosaura rubricauda (Squamata, Gymnophthalmidae) from open habitats of South America and its environmental correlates. South American J. Herp. 8 (3): 186-197
  • Recoder, Renato Sousa; Milton Cezar Ribeiro, and Miguel Trefaut Rodrigues 2013. Spatial Variation in Morphometry in Vanzosaura rubricauda (Squamata, Gymnophthalmidae) from Open Habitats of South America and its Environmental Correlates. South American J. Herp. Dec 2013, Vol. 8, No. 3: 186-197. - get paper here
  • Renous, Sabine; Elizabeth Höfling and Vincent Bels 2008. Locomotion patterns in two South American gymnophthalmid lizards: Vanzosaura rubricauda and Procellosaurinus tetradactylus. Zoology 111 (4): 295-308
  • Ribeiro, S. C., I. J. Roberto, D. L. Sales, R. W. Ávila & W. O. Almeida 2012. Amphibians and reptiles from the Araripe bioregion, northeastern Brazil. Salamandra 48 (3): 133-146 - get paper here
  • Rodrigues, M. T. 1991. Herpetofauna das dunas interiores do Rio Sào Francisco, Bahia, Brazil. III. Procellosaurinus: um novo genero de microteiideos sem palpebra, com a redefinicao do genero Gymnophthalmus (Sauria, Teiidae). Papéis Avulsos Zoology (Sao Paulo) 37 (21): 329-342
  • Rodrigues, M.T. 2003. Herpetofauna da Caatinga. In: I.R. Leal, M. Tabarelli & J.M.C. Silva (eds.). Ecologia e conservação da Caatinga, pp. 181-236. Editora Universitária, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Recife, Brasil.
  • Shepard, D.B. 2007. Habitat but not body shape affects predator attack frequency on lizard models in the Brazilian Cerrado. Herpetologica 63 (2): 193-202 - get paper here
  • Vanzolini P E. CARVALHO C M D. 1991. Two sibling and sympatric species of Gymnophthalmus in Roraima, Brazil (Sauria: Teiidae). Pap. Avul. Zool., Sao Paulo 37 (12): 173-226
  • Vitt, L. J.; Caldwell, J. P.; Colli, G. R.; Garda, A. A.; Mesquita, D. O.; França, F. G. R. e Balbino, S. F. 2002. Um guia fotográfico dos répteis e anfíbios da região do Jalapão no Cerrado brasileiro. Norman, Oklahoma: Special Publications in Herpetology. San Noble Oklahoma Museum of Natural History
  • Vitt, L.J.; Pianka, E.R. 2006. The scaly ones: Squamata – lizards and snakes – have spread to almost every landmass and branched into more than 7,200 species. Natural History 115 (6): 28-35. - get paper here
  • ZIEGLER, T., UNGER, J., FEILER, A. & E. LEHR 2002. The first Gran Chaco expedition of the Museum für Tierkunde Dresden: Records of amphibians, reptiles and mammals from the Dry Chaco of Paraguay (Amphibia, Reptilia, Mammalia). Faunistische Abhandlungen, Staatliches Museum für Tierkunde, Dresden 23: 219-238
  • Ziegler, T.; Böhme, W. & Unger, J. 2002. First record of Gymnophthalmus rubricauda BOULENGER 1902 for Paraguay, with notes on its morphology, ecology and habitat (Reptilia: Sauria: Gymnophthalmidae). Faun. Abh. Mus. Tierk. Dresden 22 (2): 347-351
 
External links  
Is it interesting? Share with others:

As link to this species use URL address:

http://reptile-database.reptarium.cz/species?genus=Vanzosaura&species=rubricauda

without field 'search_param'. Field 'search_param' is used for browsing search result.



Please submit feedback about this entry to the curator