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Varanus acanthurus BOULENGER, 1885

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Higher TaxaVaranidae, Platynota, Anguimorpha, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
SubspeciesVaranus acanthurus acanthurus BOULENGER 1885
Varanus acanthurus brachyurus STERNFELD 1919
Varanus acanthurus insulanicus MERTENS 1958 
Common NamesE: Ridgetail Monitor
G: (Roter) Stachelschwanzwaran 
SynonymVaranus acanthurus acanthurus BOULENGER 1885
Odatria ocellata GRAY 1845: 8 (non Varanus ocellatus HEYDEN 1830)
Regenia ocellata — GÜNTHER 1861: 60
Varanus acanthurus BOULENGER 1885: 324 (nom. nov. pro Odatria ocellata)
Varanus acanthurus — COGGER 1983
Worrellisaurus acanthurus — WELLS & WELLINGTON 1985: 22
Varanus acanthurus — COGGER 2000: 359

Varanus acanthurus brachyurus STERNFELD 1919
Varanus acanthurus brachyurus STERNFELD 1919
Worrellisaurus brachyurus — WELLS & WELLINGTON 1985: 22
Varanus acanthurus brachyurus — ARTH 2007

Varanus acanthurus insulanicus MERTENS 1958
Varanus (Odatria) acanthurus insulanicus MERTENS 1958
Worrellisaurus insulanicus — WELLS & WELLINGTON 1985: 22
Varanus acanthurus insulanicus — ARTH 2007 
DistributionAustralia (North Territory, Queensland, South Australia, West Australia)

acanthurus: NW Australia; Type locality: northwest coast of Australia.

brachyurus: remaining area; Type locality: Hermannsburg, Finke River, central Australia [Northern Territory].

insulanicus: Groote Eylandt and Marchinbar islands, Gulf of Carpentaria, Australia. Type locality: Groote Eylandt, Gulf of Carpentaria, Northern Territory, Australia.

Type locality: NW coast of Australia [Odatria ocellata] Map legend:
Distribution map - Distribution map.
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
TypesHolotype: BMNH 1945.8.30.97 (acanthurus)
Holotype: BMNH 1945.8.30.97 [Odatria ocellata]
Lectotype: SMF 11640, from Hermannsburg Mission, upper Finke River, N. T., designated by Mertens 1967 [brachyurus]
Holotype: AM R11037, from Groote Eylandt, Gulf of Carpentaria [insulanicus] 
CommentMax. TL = 70 cm.

Varanus acanthurus insulanicus MERTENS 1958 clustered with V. baritji rather than with the other subspecies of V. acanthurus in a molecular study by FITCH et al. (2006) 
References
  • Abraham, G. 1980. Varanus acanthurus. Sauria 2 (2): 1-2 - get paper here
  • Adragna, J. & Madden, G.M. 2009. Mending a Ruptured Varanus acanthurus brachyurus egg. Biawak 3 (4): 144-146 - get paper here
  • Amer, Sayed A. M. and Yoshinori Kumazawa 2008. Timing of a mtDNA gene rearrangement and intercontinental dispersal of varanid lizards. Genes Genet. Syst. 83: 275–280
  • Arth, S. 2007. Keeping and breeding the spiny-tailed Monitor Varanus acanthurus. Reptilia (GB) (50): 28-36 - get paper here
  • Arth, S. 2007. Haltung und Nachzucht des Stachelschwanzwarans (Varanus acanthurus). Reptilia (Münster) 12 (63): 24-33 - get paper here
  • Ávalos, J. de & Martínez Carrión, P. 1997. Warane. Reptilia (Münster) 2 (5): 16-21 - get paper here
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  • Bonetti, Mathilde 2002. 100 Sauri. Mondadori (Milano), 192 pp.
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Vol. 2, Second edition. London, xiii+497 pp. - get paper here
  • Cogger,H.G. 2000. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 6th ed. Ralph Curtis Publishing, Sanibel Island, 808 pp.
  • Eidenmüller, B. 2007. Small monitors in the terrarium. Reptilia (GB) (50): 12-19 - get paper here
  • Eidenmüller, B. 2007. Kleinwarane im Terrarium. Reptilia (Münster) 12 (63): 16-23 - get paper here
  • Eidenmüller, Bernd 2013. Von Darwin nach Alice Springs – der Warane wegen. Draco 13 (53): 55-61 - get paper here
  • Erdfelder, K.-H. 1984. Haltung und Zucht des Stachelschwanzwarans - Varanus acanthurus Sauria 6 (1): 9-11 - get paper here
  • FITCH, A.J.; A . E. GOODMAN and S. C. DONNELLAN 2005. Isolation and characterisation of microsatellite markers for the Australian monitor lizard, Varanus acanthurus (Squamata: Varanidae) and their utility in other selected varanid species. Molecular Ecology Notes 5: 521–523
  • Fitch, A.J.; Goodman, A.E.; Donnellan, S.C. 2006. A molecular phylogeny of the Australian monitor lizards (Squamata: Varanidae) inferred from mitochondrial DNA sequences. Australian Journal of Zoology 54 (4):253-269. - get paper here
  • FRÝDLOVÁ, PETRA and DANIEL FRYNTA 2010. A test of Rensch’s rule in varanid lizards. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 100: 293–306 - get paper here
  • Gray, J. E. 1845. Catalogue of the specimens of lizards in the collection of the British Museum. Trustees of die British Museum/Edward Newman, London: xxvii + 289 pp. - get paper here
  • Günther, A. 1861. On the anatomy of Regenia ocellata. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1861: 60-62 - get paper here
  • Hörenberg, Thomas & André Koch 2013. Die Zwergwarane der Untergattung Odatria Gray, 1838. Draco 13 (53): 6-19 - get paper here
  • King M; Horner P 1987. A new species of monitor (Platynota: Reptilia) from northern Australia and a note on the status of Varanus acanthurus insulanicus Mertens. The Beagle 4 (1) 1987: 73-79
  • King, M.; Mengden, G.A.; King, D. 1982. A pericentric-inversion polymorphism and s ZZ/ZW sex-chromosome system in Varanus acanthurus Boulenger analyzed by G-and C-banding and Ag staining. Genetica 58 (1): 39-45.
  • Lipfert, J. A. Dickhoff <br /> 2006. Der Stachelschwanzwaran (Varanus acanthurus). Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 64 pp. - get paper here
  • McCurry MR, Mahony M, Clausen PD, Quayle MR, Walmsley CW, Jessop TS, et al. 2015. The Relationship between Cranial Structure, Biomechanical Performance and Ecological Diversity in Varanoid Lizards. PLoS ONE 10(6): e0130625. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0130625 - get paper here
  • MENDYK, R.W. 2007. Varanus acanthurus (Ridge-tailed Monitor) Spontaneous Pneumoperitoneum. Biawak 1 (2): 85-88 - get paper here
  • Mertens, R. 1942. Die Familie der Warane (Varanidae), 3. Teil: Taxonomie. Abh. Senckenb. naturf. Ges., 466: 235-391
  • Mertens, R. 1958. Bemerkungen über die Warane Australiens. Senckenberg. Biol. 39: 229-264
  • Mertens, R. 1967. Die herpetologische Sektion des Natur-Museums und Forschungs-Institutes Senckenberg in Frankfurt am Main nebst einem Verzeichnis ihrer Typen. Senckenbergiana Biologica 48: 1-106 - get paper here
  • Pianka, E. R. and D. R. King, eds. 2004. Varanoid Lizards of the World. Indiana University Press, 599 pp - get paper here
  • Ramm, Till 2013. „Red Ackies“ – die Haltung und Nachzucht des Roten Stachelschwanzwarans, Varanus acanthurus. Draco 13 (53): 63-68 - get paper here
  • Sarre, Kazumi Matsubara; Stephen D.; Arthur Georges, Yoichi Matsuda, Jennifer A. Marshall Graves; Ta 2014. Highly Differentiated ZW Sex Microchromosomes in the Australian Varanus Species Evolved through Rapid Amplification of Repetitive Sequences. Plos One, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0095226 - get paper here
  • Sternfeld, R. 1919. Neue Schlangen und Echsen aus Zentralaustralien. Senckenbergiana 1: 76-83 - get paper here
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  • Trapp, B. 2012. Terrarientiere fotografieren. Einsatz von Licht und Blitz bei Spiegelreflexkameras. Reptilia (Münster) 17 (94): 28-38 - get paper here
  • Wilson,S. & Swan, G. 2010. A complete guide to reptiles of Australia, 3rd ed. Chatswood: New Holland, 558 pp.
 
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