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Varanus acanthurus BOULENGER, 1885

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Higher TaxaVaranidae, Platynota, Sauria (lizards) 
SubspeciesVaranus acanthurus acanthurus BOULENGER 1885
Varanus acanthurus brachyurus STERNFELD 1919
Varanus acanthurus insulanicus MERTENS 1958 
Common NamesE: Ridgetail Monitor
G: (Roter) Stachelschwanzwaran 
SynonymVaranus acanthurus acanthurus BOULENGER 1885
Odatria ocellata GRAY 1845: 8 (non Varanus ocellatus HEYDEN 1830)
Regenia ocellata — GÜNTHER 1861: 60
Varanus acanthurus BOULENGER 1885: 324 (nom. nov. pro Odatria ocellata)
Varanus acanthurus — COGGER 1983
Varanus acanthurus — COGGER 2000: 359

Varanus acanthurus brachyurus STERNFELD 1919
Varanus acanthurus brachyurus STERNFELD 1919
Varanus acanthurus brachyurus — ARTH 2007

Varanus acanthurus insulanicus MERTENS 1958
Varanus (Odatria) acanthurus insulanicus MERTENS 1958
Varanus acanthurus insulanicus — ARTH 2007 
DistributionAustralia (North Territory, Queensland, South Australia, West Australia)

acanthurus: NW Australia
brachyurus: remaining area
insulanicus: Groote Eylandt and Marchinbar islands, Gulf of Carpentaria, Australia.

Type locality: NW coast of Australia [Odatria ocellata] Map legend:
Distribution map - Distribution map.
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
TypesHolotype: BMNH 1945.8.30.97 [Odatria ocellata]
Lectotype: SMF 11640, from Hermannsburg Mission, upper Finke River, N. T., designated by Mertens 1967 [brachyurus]
Holotype: AM R11037, from Groote Eylandt, Gulf of Carpentaria [insulanicus] 
CommentMax. TL = 70 cm.

Varanus acanthurus insulanicus MERTENS 1958 clustered with V. baritji rather than with the other subspecies of V. acanthurus in a molecular study by FITCH et al. (2006) 
References
  • Adragna, J. & Madden, G.M. 2009. Mending a Ruptured Varanus acanthurus brachyurus egg. Biawak 3 (4): 144-146 - get paper here
  • Amer, Sayed A. M. and Yoshinori Kumazawa 2008. Timing of a mtDNA gene rearrangement and intercontinental dispersal of varanid lizards. Genes Genet. Syst. 83: 275–280
  • Arth, S. 2007. Keeping and breeding the spiny-tailed Monitor Varanus acanthurus. Reptilia (GB) (50): 28-36 - get paper here
  • Arth, S. 2007. Haltung und Nachzucht des Stachelschwanzwarans (Varanus acanthurus). Reptilia (Münster) 12 (63): 24-33 - get paper here
  • Ávalos, J. de & Martínez Carrión, P. 1997. Warane Reptilia (Münster) 2 (5): 16-21 - get paper here
  • Bennet, D.F. 2003. Australische Warane. Reptilia (Münster) 8 (43): 18-25 - get paper here
  • Bennet, D.F. 2003. Australian Monitors. Reptilia (GB) (30): 12-19 - get paper here
  • Bonetti, Mathilde 2002. 100 Sauri. Mondadori (Milano), 192 pp.
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Vol. 2, Second edition. London, xiii+497 pp. - get paper here
  • Cogger,H.G. 2000. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 6th ed. Ralph Curtis Publishing, Sanibel Island, 808 pp.
  • Eidenmüller, B. 2007. Kleinwarane im Terrarium. Reptilia (Münster) 12 (63): 16-23 - get paper here
  • Eidenmüller, B. 2007. Small monitors in the terrarium. Reptilia (GB) (50): 12-19 - get paper here
  • Eidenmüller, Bernd 2013. Von Darwin nach Alice Springs – der Warane wegen Draco 13 (53): 55-61 - get paper here
  • FITCH, A.J.; A . E. GOODMAN and S. C. DONNELLAN 2005. Isolation and characterisation of microsatellite markers for the Australian monitor lizard, Varanus acanthurus (Squamata: Varanidae) and their utility in other selected varanid species. Molecular Ecology Notes 5: 521–523
  • Fitch, A.J.; Goodman, A.E.; Donnellan, S.C. 2006. A molecular phylogeny of the Australian monitor lizards (Squamata: Varanidae) inferred from mitochondrial DNA sequences. Australian Journal of Zoology 54 (4):253-269. - get paper here
  • FRÝDLOVÁ, PETRA and DANIEL FRYNTA 2010. A test of Rensch’s rule in varanid lizards. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 100: 293–306 - get paper here
  • Gray, J. E. 1845. Catalogue of the specimens of lizards in the collection of the British Museum. Trustees of die British Museum/Edward Newman, London: xxvii + 289 pp. - get paper here
  • Günther, A. 1861. On the anatomy of Regenia ocellata. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1861: 60-62 - get paper here
  • Hörenberg, Thomas & André Koch 2013. Die Zwergwarane der Untergattung Odatria Gray, 1838 Draco 13 (53): 6-19 - get paper here
  • King M; Horner P 1987. A new species of monitor (Platynota: Reptilia) from northern Australia and a note on the status of Varanus acanthurus insulanicus Mertens. The Beagle 4 (1) 1987: 73-79
  • King, M.; Mengden, G.A.; King, D. 1982. A pericentric-inversion polymorphism and s ZZ/ZW sex-chromosome system in Varanus acanthurus Boulenger analyzed by G-and C-banding and Ag staining. Genetica 58 (1): 39-45.
  • Lipfert, J. A. Dickhoff <br /> 2006. Der Stachelschwanzwaran (Varanus acanthurus). Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 64 pp. - get paper here
  • MENDYK, R.W. 2007. Varanus acanthurus (Ridge-tailed Monitor) Spontaneous Pneumoperitoneum Biawak 1 (2): 85-88 - get paper here
  • Mertens, R. 1942. Die Familie der Warane (Varanidae), 3. Teil: Taxonomie. Abh. Senckenb. naturf. Ges., 466: 235-391
  • Mertens, R. 1958. Bemerkungen über die Warane Australiens. Senckenberg. Biol. 39: 229-264
  • Mertens, R. 1967. Die herpetologische Sektion des Natur-Museums und Forschungs-Institutes Senckenberg in Frankfurt am Main nebst einem Verzeichnis ihrer Typen. Senckenbergiana Biologica 48: 1-106
  • Pianka, E. R. and D. R. King, eds. 2004. Varanoid Lizards of the World. Indiana University Press, 599 pp - get paper here
  • Ramm, Till 2013. „Red Ackies“ – die Haltung und Nachzucht des Roten Stachelschwanzwarans, Varanus acanthurus Draco 13 (53): 63-68 - get paper here
  • Sternfeld, R. 1919. Neue Schlangen und Echsen aus Zentralaustralien. Senckenbergiana 1: 76-83 - get paper here
  • Storr G M 1980. The monitor lizards (genus Varanus Merrem, 1820) of Western Australia. Rec. West. Aust. Mus. 8 (2): 237-293 - get paper here
  • Trapp, B. 2012. Terrarientiere fotografieren. Einsatz von Licht und Blitz bei Spiegelreflexkameras. Reptilia (Münster) 17 (94): 28-38 - get paper here
  • Wilson,S. & Swan, G. 2010. A complete guide to reptiles of Australia, 3rd ed. Chatswood: New Holland, 558 pp.
 
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