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Varanus albigularis (DAUDIN, 1802)

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Higher TaxaVaranidae, Platynota, Sauria (lizards) 
SubspeciesVaranus albigularis albigularis DAUDIN 1802
Varanus albigularis angolensis SCHMIDT 1933
Varanus albigularis ionidesi LAURENT 1964
Varanus albigularis microstictus BOETTGER 1893 
Common NamesE: White-throated Monitor
G: Kapwaran 
SynonymVaranus albigularis albigularis DAUDIN 1802
Tupinambis albigularis DAUDIN 1802: 72
Monitor albigularis — GRAY 1831: 28
Varanus Gillii A. SMITH 1831: 16
Varanus albogularis — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1836: 495
Monitor exanthematicus capensis SCHLEGEL 1844 (not Lacerta capensis SPARRMAN 1783 = Varanus niloticus)
Regenia albogularis — GÜNTHER 1861: 109
Varanus albigularis — BOULENGER 1885: 307
Varanus exanthematicus albigularis — SCHMIDT 1919: 483
Varanus exanthematicus albigularis — AUERBACH 1987: 132
Varanus albigularis albigularis — BÖHME 1988: 1
Varanus exanthematicus albigularis — BOYCOTT 1992
Varanus (Polydaedalus) albigularis — BÖHME 2002
Varanus albigularis albigularis — PHILLIPS in PIANKA & KING 2004

Varanus albigularis angolensis (SCHMIDT 1933)
Varanus albigularis angolensis SCHMIDT 1933: 10
Varanus albigularis angolensis — LOVERIDGE 1936: 59
Varanus exanthematicus angolensis — MERTENS 1937: 9
Varanus albigularis angolensis — BÖHME 1988: 1
Varanus albigularis angolensis - ZIEGLER & BÖHME 1997
Varanus albigularis angolensis — BROADLEY & COTTERILL 2004
Varanus albigularis angolensis — PHILLIPS in PIANKA & KING 2004

Varanus albigularis ionidesi (LAURENT 1964)
Varanus exanthematicus ionidesi LAURENT 1964
Varanus albigularis ionidesi — BÖHME 1988: 1

Varanus albigularis microstictus (BOETTGER 1893)
Varanus microstictus BOETTGER 1893: 72
Varanus exanthematicus microstictus — MERTENS 1942: 355
Varanus albigularis microstictus — BÖHME 1988: 1
Varanus albigularis microstictus — PHILLIPS in PIANKA & KING 2004 
DistributionNamibia, Botswana, Republic of South Africa, Swaziland, Zimbabwe, Mozambique, Zambia, Angola, Tanzania,S Ethiopia, S Somalia, Kenya, Uganda, S Democratic Republic of the Congo (Zaire)

albigularis: Southern Africa, northwards to Angola, Zambia and Mozambique; Type locality: unknown.

angolensis: Angola, Zambia, neighboring areas in the Democratic Republic of Congo (Katanga); Type locality: Gauca, Biha, Angola.

microstictus: Ethiopia, Somalia, Kenya, Tanzania, Djibouti; Type locality: “Abessinien" (= Ethiopia) Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Types 
CommentThe status of Varanus albigularis ionidesi LAURENT 1964 is unclear (this taxon is not listed by BÖHME 2002, not even as a synonym). For a detailed distrubtion map and locality data see BAYLESS (2002). 
References
  • Auerbach,R.D. 1987. The Amphibians and Reptiles of Botswana. Mokwepa Consultants, Botswana, 295 pp.
  • Ávalos, J. de & Martínez Carrión, P. 1997. Warane Reptilia (Münster) 2 (5): 16-21 - get paper here
  • Bauer, Aaron M.; Branch, William R. & Haacke, Wulf D. 1993. The herpetofauna of the Kamanjab area and adjacent Damaraland, Namibia. Madoqua (Windhoek), 18 (2): 117-145.
  • Bayless, Mark K. 2002. Monitor lizards: a pan-African check-list of their zoogeography (Sauria: Varanidae: Polydaedalus). Journal of Biogeography 29: 1643–1701
  • Boettger, Oskar 1893. Katalog der Reptilien-Sammlung im Museum der Senckenbergischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft in Frankfurt am Main. I. Teil (Rhynchocephalen, Schildkröten, Krokodile, Eidechsen, Chamäleons). Gebrüder Knauer, Frankfurt a. M., x + 140 pp. - get paper here
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  • Gray, J. E. 1831. A synopsis of the species of Class Reptilia. In: Griffith, E & E. Pidgeon: The animal kingdom arranged in conformity with its organisation by the Baron Cuvier with additional descriptions of all the species hither named, and of many before noticed [V Whittaker, Treacher and Co., London: 481 + 110 pp. [1830]
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  • Jacobsen, Niels H.G.; Errol W. Pietersen & Darren W. Pietersen 2010. A preliminary herpetological survey of the Vilanculos Coastal Wildlife Sanctuary on the San Sebastian Peninsula, Vilankulo, Mozambique. Herpetology Notes 3: 181-193
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  • Laurent,R.F. 1964. A new subspecies of Varanus exanthematicus (Sauria, Varanidae). Breviora (199): 1-5 - get paper here
  • LE PODER, J.-M. 2007. Notes on Breeding Varanus albigularis in Captivity Biawak 1 (2): 73-76 - get paper here
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