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Varanus dumerilii (SCHLEGEL, 1839)

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Higher TaxaVaranidae, Platynota, Sauria (lizards) 
Common NamesE: Dumeril Monitor
G: Dumerilwaran 
SynonymVaranus dumerili dumerilii (SCHLEGEL 1839)
Monitor dumerilii SCHLEGEL 1839: 78
Varanus dumerili - BLEEKER 1858: 188
Varanus macrolepis BLANFORD 1881: 239
Varanus dumerilii — BOULENGER 1885: 312
Varanus heteropholis BOULENGER 1892: 506
Varanus heteropholis — DE ROOIJ 1915: 142
Varanus dumerili — DE ROOIJ 1915: 143
Varanus (Tectovaranus) dumerilii dumerilii - MERTENS 1942: 364
Varanus dumerili heteropholis — MERTENS 1942: 366
Varanus dumerili heteropholis — DE LISLE 1996: 122
Varanus dumerili dumerilii — DE LISLE 1996: 122
Varanus (Empagusia) dumerilii - ZIEGLER & BÖHME 1997: 14
Varanus dumerilii — MANTHEY & GROSSMANN 1997: 289
Varanus dumerilii — COX et al. 1998: 107
Varanus dumerilii — PIANKA & VITT 2003: 113
Varanus (Empagusia) dumerilii — KOCH et al. 2013 
DistributionPeninsular Thailand, Myanmar (= Burma), West Malaysia,
Indonesia (Sumatra, Borneo, Bangka, Kalimantan, Riou, Biliton), Sarawak, Singapore

heteropholis: Sarawak, Malaysia. Type locality: Mt. Dulit, upper Baram River, Sarawak, Malaysia.

Type locality: Banjermasin, southeastern Borneo, Indonesia. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
TypesHolotype: RMNH 3168. 
CommentSynonymy: SPRACKLAND (1993) and BÖHME (2002) do not recognize V. d. heteropholis and synonymized it with V. dumerilii. 
  • Amer, Sayed A. M. and Yoshinori Kumazawa 2008. Timing of a mtDNA gene rearrangement and intercontinental dispersal of varanid lizards. Genes Genet. Syst. 83: 275–280
  • Auliya, M. 2006. Taxonomy, Life History, and conservation of giant reptiles in west Kalimantan. Natur und Tier Verlag, Münster, 432 pp. - get paper here
  • Ávalos, J. de & Martínez Carrión, P. 1997. Warane. Reptilia (Münster) 2 (5): 16-21 - get paper here
  • Bennett, Daniel 1995. Dumeril's monitor lizard (Varanus dumerilii). Reptilian 3 (3): 35-37
  • Bennett, Daniel; Liat, Lim Boo 1995. A note on the distribution of Varanus dumerilii and V. rudicollis in Peninsular Malaysia. Malayan Nature Journal 49(2):113-116.
  • Blanford,W.T. 1881. Notes on apparently undescribed Varanus from Tenasserim, and other Reptilia and Amphibia. J. asiat. Soc. Bengal 50 (2): 239-243 - get paper here
  • Bleeker, P. 1859. Gonyosoma jansenii Blkr., eene nieuwe slang van Manado. Natuurk. Tijdschr. Ned. Indië (4) 16:<br />242 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Vol. 2, Second edition. London, xiii+497 pp. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1892. An account of the reptiles and batrachians collected by Mr. C. Hose on Mt. Dulit, Borneo. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1892: 505-508 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, George A. 1890. The Fauna of British India, Including Ceylon and Burma. Reptilia and Batrachia. Taylor & Francis, London, xviii, 541 pp. - get paper here
  • Cota, M.; Chan-ard, T.; Mekchai, S. & Laoteaw, S. 2008. Geographical Distribution, Instinctive Feeding Behavior and Report of Nocturnal Activity of Varanus dumerilii in Thailand. Biawak 2 (4): 152-158 - get paper here
  • Cox, Merel J.; Van Dijk, Peter Paul; Jarujin Nabhitabhata & Thirakhupt,Kumthorn 1998. A Photographic Guide to Snakes and Other Reptiles of Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore and Thailand. Ralph Curtis Publishing, 144 pp.
  • Das , I. 2004. Lizards of Borneo. Natural History Publications, Kota Kinabalu, Borneo
  • de Rooij, N. de 1915. The Reptiles of the Indo-Australian Archipelago. I. Lacertilia, Chelonia, Emydosauria. Leiden (E. J. Brill), xiv + 384 pp.
  • Earley, Ryan L.; Omar Attum, Perri Eason 2002. Varanid combat: perspectives from game theory. Amphibia-Reptilia 23 (4): 469-485 - get paper here
  • FRÝDLOVÁ, PETRA and DANIEL FRYNTA 2010. A test of Rensch’s rule in varanid lizards. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 100: 293–306 - get paper here
  • Grismer, L.L. 2011. Lizards of Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore and their adjacent archipelagos. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 728 pp. [review in Herp. Rev. 43: 155]
  • Koch, André; Thomas Ziegler, Wolfgang Böhme, and Mark Auliya 2013. Pressing Problems: Distribution, Threats, and Conservation Status of the Monitor Lizards (Varanidae: Varanus spp.) of Southeast Asia and the Indo-Australian Archipelago. Herpetological Conservation and Biology 8 (Monograph 3):1 − 62.
  • Malkmus, R.; Manthey, U.; Vogel, G. Hoffmann, P. & Kosuch, J. 2002. Amphibians and reptiles of Mount Kinabalu (North Borneo). A.R.G. Ganther Verlag, Rugell, 404 pp.
  • Manthey, U. & Grossmann, W. 1997. Amphibien & Reptilien Südostasiens. Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 512 pp. - get paper here
  • Mertens, R. 1942. Die Familie der Warane (Varanidae), 3. Teil: Taxonomie. Abh. Senckenb. naturf. Ges., 466: 235-391
  • Nabhitabhata, J., T. Chan-ard and Y. Chuaynkern 2000. Checklist of Amphibians and Reptiles in Thailand. Office of Environmental Policy and Planning, Bankok. 152pp.
  • Pianka, E. R. and D. R. King, eds. 2004. Varanoid Lizards of the World. Indiana University Press, 599 pp - get paper here
  • RADFORD, LARRY; FREDERICK L. PAINE 1989. The reproduction and management of the Dumeril's monitor Varanus dumerili at the Buffalo Zoo. International Zoo Yearbook 28 (1): 153-155
  • Schlegel, H. 1837. Abbildungen neuer oder unvollständig bekannter Amphibien, nach der Natur oder dem Leben entworfen. Düsseldorf (Arnz & Comp.), i-xiv + 141 pp. [1837-1844]
  • Smith,M.A. 1935. The fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Reptiles and Amphibia, Vol. II. Sauria. Taylor and Francis, London, 440 pp.
  • Sprackland, R. G. 1993. The taxonomic status of the monitor lizard, Varanus dumerilii heteropholis Boulenger, 1892 (Reptilia: Varanidae). The Sarawak Museum Journal 44 (65): 113-121. - get paper here
  • Sprackland, Robert George 1995. Dumeril's monitor lizard [Varanus dumerilii]. Reptiles 3 (7): 56-69 - get paper here
  • Taylor, E.H. 1963. The lizards of Thailand. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 44: 687-1077. - get paper here
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