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Varanus gouldii (GRAY, 1838)

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Higher TaxaVaranidae, Platynota, Varanoidea, Anguimorpha, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Sand Monitor, Gould's Goanna
G: Gouldswaran 
SynonymHydrosaurus gouldii GRAY 1838: 394
Monitor gouldii — SCHLEGEL 1839: 78
Varanus gouldii — DUMÉRIL & DUMÉRIL 1851: 52
Varanus gouldii — BOULENGER 1885: 320
Varanus gouldi — DE ROOIJ 1915: 149
Varanus (Varanus) gouldii — MERTENS 1942
Varanus gouldii gouldii — MERTENS 1958
Varanus gouldii flavirufus MERTENS 1958: 229
Varanus panoptes STORR 1980: 273
Pantherosaurus barryjonesi WELLS & WELLINGTON 1985: 21
Varanus gouldii gouldii — BÖHME 1991: 38
Varanus flavirufus flavirufus — BÖHME 1991: 38
Varanus gouldii gouldii — DE LISLE 1996: 126
Varanus gouldii gouldii — COGGER 2000: 368
Varanus gouldii flavirufus — COGGER 2000: 368
Varanus gouldii flavirufus — BÖHME 2002
Varanus flavirufus — DE LISLE 2009: 17
Varanus gouldii — WILSON & SWAN 2010
Varanus (Varanus) gouldii — BUCKLITSCH et al. 2016: 50 
DistributionAustralia (except arid interior, including Queensland, New South Wales), S Papua New Guinea

Type locality: "Australia", restricted by Opinion 1948 of the International Commission of Zool. Nomenclature (2000), due to the designation of a neotype, to Karakatta, Perth, Western Australia.

flavirufus: Central Australia in the area of the red soils; westwards to the Canning Stock Route (Western Australia); Type locality: Bat Caves near Alice Springs, Northern Territory.  
TypesNeotype: BMNH 1997.1 (designated by the Comission of Zoological Nomenclature in March 2000, Opinion 1948, formerly formerly WAM R131792), from Karrakatta, Perth, Western Australia; see comment. Lectotype: BMNH 1946.9.7.61, NW coast of Australia, designated by Mertens (1958); rejected by the ICZN, 2000 [Opinion 1948], and replaced by a neotype.
Holotype: SMF 53271 [flavirufus] 
CommentSubspecies: Varanus gouldii rubidus is listed here as a subspecies of V. panoptes following COGGER 2000. Varanus gouldii horni BÖHME 1988 is not listed by COGGER 2000.

Types: The lectotype of V. gouldii has been a specimen of V. panoptes, formally rendering the name panoptes a junior synonym of gouldii. Sprackland et al. (1997) proposed that the lectotype of gouldii be set aside and a neotype designated in accord with accustomed usage. The International Commission of Zoological Nomenclature (2000: Opinion 1948) accepted an application to set aside the lectotype and to replace it by a neotype fitting with what was understood to be V. gouldii before.

Illustration in Schmida (2000) and Bennet (2003).

Synonymy: partly after SHEA & SADLIER 1999.

Similar species: V. tristis. 
EtymologyNamed after John Gould (1804-1881), British ornithologist, artist, and taxidermist. 
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  • Bennet, D.F. 2003. The Varanus gouldii group. Reptilia (GB) (30): 27-29 - get paper here
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  • Böhme, W. 1991. The identity of Varanus gouldii (Gray, 1838), and the nomenclature of the V. gouldii species complex. Mertensiella, 2, 38-41.
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  • Böhme,W. & T. ZIEGLER 1998. Comments on the proposed conservation of the names Hydrosaurus gouldii Gray, 1838 and Varanus panoptes STORR, 1980 (Reptilia, Squamata) by the designation of a neotype for Hydrosaurus gouldii (Case 3042; see BZN 54: 95-99, 249-250; 55: 106-111). Bull. Zool. Nomenclature 55 (3): 173-174. - get paper here
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