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Varanus juxtindicus BÖHME, PHILIPP & ZIEGLER, 2002

IUCN Red List - Varanus juxtindicus - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaVaranidae, Platynota, Varanoidea, Anguimorpha, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common Names 
SynonymVaranus (Euprepiosaurus) juxtindicus BÖHME, PHILIPP & ZIEGLER 2002
Varanus indicus — MCCOY 1980: 52 (not DAUDIN)
Varanus juxtindicus — BÖHME 2002
Varanus (Euprepiosaurus) juxtindicus — ZIEGLER et al. 2007
Varanus (Euprepiosaurus) juxtindicus — KOCH et al. 2013
Varanus (Euprepiosaurus) juxtindicus — BUCKLITSCH et al. 2016: 50
Varanus (Euprepiosaurus) juxtindicus — WEIJOLA & KRAUS 2023 
DistributionSolomon Islands (Rennell)

Type locality: Lake Tegano (= Te-Nggano), near Niupani, REnnell Island, Solomon Islands.  
TypesHolotype: ZMUC R E 605; Paratype: ZFMK 72865, halfgrown 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: A stoutly built member of the Varanus (Euprepiosaurus) indicus species group, which can be distinguished from all other members of this group (V. caerulivirens, V. cerambonensis, V. doreanus, V. finschi, V. indicus, V. jobiensis, V. melinus, V. spinulosus and V. yuwonoi) by its tail shape (which is roundish in its first third and lacks a differentiated double keel on its dorsal ridge) combined with: the lack of blue colouration; an unbanded tail; no temporal band; a light, unpatterned gular region; a reticulate to ocellate ventral pattern of the juvenile; a light tongue with an ill-defined pigmented area only in its anterior part; hemipenis with unilaterally developed paryphasman rows stretching only to the outer apical lobe. (Böhme et al. 2002) 
CommentDistribution: see map in Weijola & Kraus 2023: 948 (Fig. 1). 
EtymologyNamed after Latin "iuxta" = "next to", or "close to"; referring to the close relationship with Varanus indicus. 
  • Böhme W.; Philipp, K. & Ziegler T. 2002. Another new member of the Varanus (Euprepiosaurus) indicus group (Sauria: Varanidae): an undescribed species from rennell Island, Solomon Islands. Salamandra 38 (1): 15-26 - get paper here
  • Böhme, Wolfgang 2014. Herpetology in Bonn. Mertensiella 21. vi + 256 pp. - get paper here
  • Böhme,W. 2003. Checklist of the living monitor lizards of the world (family Varanidae). Zoologische Verhandelingen 341: 6-43 - get paper here
  • BUCKLITSCH, YANNICK; WOLFGANG BÖHME, ANDRÉ KOCH 2016. Scale Morphology and Micro-Structure of Monitor Lizards (Squamata: Varanidae: Varanus spp.) and their Allies: Implications for Systematics, Ecology, and Conservation. . Zootaxa 4153 (1): 001–192 - get paper here
  • Koch A, Arida E, Schmitz A, Böhme W, Ziegler T. 2009. Refining the polytypic species concept of mangrove monitors (Squamata: Varanus indicus group): a new cryptic species from the Talaud Islands, Indonesia, reveals the underestimated diversity of Indo-Australian monitor lizards. Australian Journal of Zoology 57(1): 29-40 - get paper here
  • Koch A, Ziegler T, Böhme W, Arida E, Auliya M. 2013. Pressing Problems: Distribution, Threats, and Conservation Status of the Monitor Lizards (Varanidae: Varanus spp.) of Southeast Asia and the Indo-Australian Archipelago. Herp. Cons. Biol. 8 (Monograph 3): 1 − 62. - get paper here
  • Koch, Z.; Philipp, K. & Ziegler, T. 2010. The Monitor Man: A Story of Stunning Discoveries and Charismatic Creatures. Biawak 4 (4): 132-152 - get paper here
  • McCoy, M. 1980. Reptiles of the Solomon Islands. Wau Ecology Institute Handbook 7. Wau Ecology Institute, Wau, Papua New Guinea.
  • McCoy, M. 2015. A Field Guide to the Reptiles of the Solomon Islands. Michael McCoy, Kuranda - get paper here
  • Pianka, E. R. and D. R. King, eds. 2004. Varanoid Lizards of the World. Indiana University Press, 599 pp - get paper here
  • Soler, J. 2013. Feral Monitor Lizards (Varanus spp.) in Catalonia, Spain: an increasing Phenomenon. Biawak 7 (1): 21 - get paper here
  • Weijola, Valter & Fred Kraus 2023. Two new species of monitor lizards (Squamata: Varanus) endemic to the Louisiade and Tanimbar Archipelagos with a key to the subgenus Euprepiosaurus. JOURNAL OF NATURAL HISTORY 57 (13–16): 947–975
  • Wesiak, K. & Koch, A. 2009. Successful Husbandry and First Breeding of Varanus juxtindicus Böhme et al., 2002, with Remarks on the Development of Juveniles of this “Rarely-Kept” Endemic Solomon Monitor Species. Biawak 3 (4): 106-121 - get paper here
  • Ziegler, T., Schmitz, A., Koch, A. & W. Böhme 2007. A review of the subgenus Euprepiosaurus of Varanus (Squamata: Varanidae): morphological and molecular phylogeny, distribution and zoogeography, with an identification key for the members of the V. indicus and the V. prasinus species groups. Zootaxa 1472: 1-28 - get paper here
  • Ziegler, Thomas; Wolfgang Böhme, Andreas Schmitz 2007. A new species of the Varanus indicus group (Squamata, Varanidae) from Halmahera Island, Moluccas: morphological and molecular evidence. Mitteilungen aus dem Museum für Naturkunde in Berlin 83 (S1): 109-119 - get paper here
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