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Varanus komodoensis OUWENS, 1912

IUCN Red List - Varanus komodoensis - Vulnerable, VU

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Higher TaxaVaranidae, Platynota, Varanoidea, Anguimorpha, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Komodo Dragon
G: Komodowaran 
SynonymVaranus komodoensis OUWENS 1912
Varanus (Varanus) komodoensis — MERTENS 1942
Varanus komodoensis — DE ROOIJ 1915: 150
Varanus komodoensis — DE LISLE 1996: 130
Varanus komodoensis — AST 2001
Varanus (Varanus) komodoensis — KOCH et al. 2013
Varanus (Varanus) komodoensis — BUCKLITSCH et al. 2016: 50 
DistributionKomodo, Padar, Rintja, Flores, Lesser Sunda region of Indonesia

Type locality: Komodo Island, Lesser Sunda Islands, Indonesia.  
ReproductionParthenogenesis has recently been reported for this species (WATTS et al. 2006). 
TypesSyntype: MZB (others probably in RMNH fide ISKANDAR & MUMPUNI 2002) 
CommentDistribution: SPAWLS et al. (2001) list this species also for Eastern Africa. 
EtymologyNamed after the type locality. 
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  • ARIEFIANDY, ACHMAD; DENI PURWANDANA, SANGGAR ABDIL NASU, MAMAN SURAHMAN, CLAUDIO CIOFI & TIM JESSOP 2015. First Record of komodo Dragon Nesting activity and Hatchling Emergence from North Flores, Eastern indonesia. Biawak 9 (1): 33-35 - get paper here
  • Ast, Jennifer C. 2001. Mitochondrial DNA Evidence and Evolution in Varanoidea (Squamata). Cladistics 17 (3): 211-226 [erratum in 18 (1):125] - get paper here
  • Bonetti, Mathilde 2002. 100 Sauri. Mondadori (Milano), 192 pp. - get paper here
  • Branch, W. R. 1982. Hemipeneal Morphology of Platynotan Lizards. Journal of Herpetology 16 (1): 16-38 - get paper here
  • Brenneman, Rick A.; Robert C. Barber; Ryan M. Huebinger; Julie A. Sommer & Edward E. Louis Jr. 2007. Characterization of ten microsatellite marker loci in the Komodo Monitor (Varanus komodoensis). Conservation Genetics 8:1017–1020 - get paper here
  • BUCKLITSCH, YANNICK; WOLFGANG BÖHME, ANDRÉ KOCH 2016. Scale Morphology and Micro-Structure of Monitor Lizards (Squamata: Varanidae: Varanus spp.) and their Allies: Implications for Systematics, Ecology, and Conservation. . Zootaxa 4153 (1): 001–192 - get paper here
  • Bull, J. J.; Tim S. Jessop, Marvin Whiteley 2010. Deathly Drool: Evolutionary and Ecological Basis of Septic Bacteria in Komodo Dragon Mouths. PLoS One 5 (6): e11097 - get paper here
  • Burden, William Douglas 1928. Results of the Douglas Burden Expedition to the Island of Komodo V. Observations on the habits and distribution of Varanus komodensis Ouwens. American Museum Novitates (316): 1-10 - get paper here
  • Ciofi C.; Beaumont M. A.; Swingland I. R.; Bruford M. W. 1999. Genetic divergence and units for conservation in the Komodo dragon Varanus komodoensis. Proceedings: Biological Sciences 266 (1435): 2269-2269 - get paper here
  • Ciofi, C. et al. 2011. Development of a multiplex PCR assay for fine-scale population genetic analysis of the Komodo monitor Varanus komodoensis based on 18 polymorphic microsatellite loci. Molecular Ecology Resources 11: 550–556 - get paper here
  • Ciofi, C., J. Puswati, D. Winana, M.E. de Boer, G. Chelazzi & P. Sastrawan 2007. Preliminary Analysis of Home Range Structure in the Komodo Monitor, Varanus Komodoensis Copeia 2007 (2): 462-470. - get paper here
  • de Rooij, N. de 1915. The Reptiles of the Indo-Australian Archipelago. I. Lacertilia, Chelonia, Emydosauria. Leiden (E. J. Brill), xiv + 384 pp. - get paper here
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  • Dunn, Emmett Reid; Burden, W. Douglas 1927. Results of the Douglas Burden Expedition to the Island of Komodo. I, Notes on Varanus komodoensis. American Museum novitates (286) - get paper here
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  • Fischer, Oliver & Marion Zahner 2021. Situation, Bedrohung und Management von Komodowaranen – ein Symposium im Zoo Barcelona. Elaphe 2021 (1): 40-43 [published online Dec 2020]
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  • FRÝDLOVÁ, PETRA and DANIEL FRYNTA 2010. A test of Rensch’s rule in varanid lizards. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 100: 293–306 - get paper here
  • Gehring, Philip-Sebastian 2018. Nach Rinca der Warane wegen. Terraria-Elaphe 2018 (6): 23-29 - get paper here
  • Hien, P. 2003. Erster photographischer Nachweis von ungewöhnlich gefärbten Varanus komodoensis (OUWENS 1912) bei Riung, Flores, Indonesien. Sauria (Berlin) 25 (1): 3-9 - get paper here
  • Horn, H.-G. 1985. Beiträge zum Verhalten von Waranen: Die Ritualkämpfe von Varanus komodoensis OUWENS, 1912 und V. semiremex PETERS, 1869 sowie die Imponierphasen der Ritualkämpfe von V. timorensis timorensis (GRAY, 1831) und V. t. similis MERTENS, 1958 (Sauria: Varan Salamandra 21 (2-3): 169-179 - get paper here
  • Iannucci, Alessio; Marie Altmanová, Claudio Ciofi, Malcolm Ferguson-Smith, Massimo Milan, Jorge Claudio Pereira, James Pether, Ivan Rehák, Michail Rovatsos, Roscoe Stanyon, Petr Velenský, Petr Ráb, Lukáš Kratochvíl & Martina Johnson Pokorná 2019. Conserved sex chromosomes and karyotype evolution in monitor lizards (Varanidae). Heredity 123, 215–227 - get paper here
  • Iskandar, Djoko T. and Mumpuni 2002. The herpetological type specimens in the Museum Zoologicum Bogoriense Collection. Hamadryad 27 (1):123-135 - get paper here
  • JESSOP, T.S., T. MADSEN, J. SUMMER, H. RUDIHARTO, J.A. PHILLIPS and C. CIOFI 2006. Maximum body size among insular Komodo dragon populations covaries with large prey density. Oikos 112:422-429. - get paper here
  • JESSOP, TIM S.; DENI PURWANDANA, M. JERI IMANSYAH, CLAUDIO CIOFI, Y. JACKSON BENU & ACHMAD ARIEIFANDY. 2022. The influence of tropical seasonality on breeding phenology, growth, survival and movement of a large reptile (Varanus komodoensis). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 136(4): 552–565. - get paper here
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