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Varanus niloticus (LINNAEUS, 1766)

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Higher TaxaVaranidae, Platynota, Sauria (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Nile Monitor, Water Leguaan
G: Nilwaran 
SynonymLacerta monitor LINNAEUS 1758: 201 (nomen rejectum)
Lacerta nilotica — LINNAEUS 1766: 369
Stellio saurus LAURENTI 1768: 56
Lacerta capensis SPARRMAN 1783: 749
Lacertus tupinambis LACÉPÈDE 1788 (in part)
Tupinambis elegans DAUDIN 1802 (in part)
Tupinambis stellatus DAUDIN 1802 (in part)
Monitor niloticus — LICHTENSTEIN 1818
Monitor pulcher LEACH in BOWDICH 1819
Varanus niloticus — FITZINGER 1826: 50
Varanus niloticus — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1836: 476
Monitor elegans senegalensis SCHLEGEL 1844
Varanus niloticus — BOULENGER 1885: 317
Varanus niloticus — SCHMIDT 1919: 485
Varanus (Polydaedalus) niloticus - MERTENS 1942
Varanus niloticus — AUERBACH 1987: 136
Varanus niloticus — DE LISLE 1996: 131
Varanus niloticus — AST 2001
Varanus niloticus — TRAPE, CHIRIO & TRAPE 2012 
DistributionRepublic of South Africa, Swaziland, Namibia, Botswana, Tanzania, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Zambia, Angola, Malawi, Tanzania, Gabon, W/N/S Democratic Republic of the Congo (Zaire), Kenya, Uganda, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Somalia, Sudan, Chad, Egypt, Liberia, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Togo, Benin, Burkina Faso, Niger, Nigeria, Mali, Mauritania, Senegal, Gambia (HÅKANSSON 1981), Guinea

Introduced to USA (Florida)

Type locality: “Indiis” Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
TypesSyntype: NRM 9185 
CommentSCHMIDT’s Varanus niloticus might represent both V. niloticus (specimens from savanna localities) and V. ornatus (specimens from rain forest localities). ICZN opinion 540 rejected Lacerta monitor LINNAEUS 1758.

Distribution: For a detailed distrubtion map and locality data see BAYLESS (2002). 
References
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