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Varanus palawanensis KOCH, GAULKE & BÖHME, 2010

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Higher TaxaVaranidae, Platynota, Anguimorpha, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common Names 
SynonymVaranus palawanensis KOCH, GAULKE & BÖHME 2010
Varanus (Soterosaurus) palawanensis — KOCH et al. 2010
Varanus (Soterosaurus) palawanensis — BUCKLITSCH et al. 2016: 50 
DistributionPhilippines (Palawan; Balabac and the Calamian Island group including Calauit and Busuanga; Sibutu Island within the Sulu Archipelago)

Type locality: Tabon, Palawan Island, Philippines  
Reproduction 
TypesHolotype: SMF 73912 (Figs. 25–27), adult male, collected by M. Gaulke 19.I.1989, donated 6.IV.1989.
Paratypes. SMF 73914–15, 2 adults males, Tabon, Palawan Island, collected by M. Gaulke, I.1989, donated 6.IV.1989; BMNH 94.6.30.19, subadult, Palawan Island, collected by A. H. Everett, 1894; BMNH 94.6.30.20, adult (Fig. 28), Palawan Island, collected by A. H. Everett, 1894; MNHN 1884-187, adult (mounted), “Ile Paragua” (= Palawan), collected by A. Marché, ca. 1883; ZMUC E78, subadult, Dalawan Bay, Balabac Island, collected by the Noona Dan Expedition, 8.X.1961; ZFMK 89691 (formerly SMF 73913), adult male, Tabon, Palawan Island, collected by M. Gaulke, I.1989, donated 6.IV.1989. 
CommentThis species may have been previously identified as V. salvator marmoratus. 
EtymologyThe specific epithet palawanensis refers to the type locality Palawan Island, Philippines. 
References
  • Conrad, Jack L. 2015. Skeletons of the Little-Known Palawan Monitor, Varanus palawanensis (Squamata: Varanidae) Journal of Herpetology Sep 2015, Vol. 49, No. 3: 485-490. - get paper here
  • Koch A, Ziegler T, Böhme W, Arida E, Auliya M. 2013. Pressing Problems: Distribution, Threats, and Conservation Status of the Monitor Lizards (Varanidae: Varanus spp.) of Southeast Asia and the Indo-Australian Archipelago. Herp. Cons. Biol. 8 (Monograph 3): 1 − 62. - get paper here
  • Koch, A. 2010. Underestimated Diversity of Philippine Water Monitor Lizards (Varanus salvator Complex) Unraveled: a Contribution to the International Year of Biodiversity, 2010. Biawak 4 (2): 69-74 - get paper here
  • Koch, A.; Gaulke, M. & Böhme, W. 2010. Unravelling the underestimated diversity of Philippine water monitor lizards (Squamata: Varanus salvator complex), with the description of two new species and a new subspecies. Zootaxa 2446: 1–54 - get paper here
  • Koch, André; Mark Auliya & Thomas Ziegler 2010. Updated checklist of the living monitor lizards of the world (Squamata: Varanidae). Bonn Zool. Bull. 57 (2): 127–136 - get paper here
  • Koch, Z.; Philipp, K. & Ziegler, T. 2010. The Monitor Man: A Story of Stunning Discoveries and Charismatic Creatures. Biawak 4 (4): 132-152 - get paper here
  • Welton, Luke J.; Perry L. Wood, Jamie R. Oaks, Cameron D. Siler, Rafe M. Brown 2014. Fossil-calibrated phylogeny and historical biogeography of Southeast Asian water monitors (Varanus salvator Complex). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution - get paper here
  • Welton, Luke J.; SCOTT L. TRAVERS, CAMERON D. SILER, RAFE M. BROWN 2014. Integrative taxonomy and phylogeny-based species delimitation of Philippine water monitor lizards (Varanus salvator Complex) with descriptions of two new cryptic species. Zootaxa 3881 (3): 201–227 - get paper here
 
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