You are here » home advanced search Varanus prasinus

Varanus prasinus (SCHLEGEL, 1839)

Find more photos by Google images search: Google images

Higher TaxaVaranidae, Platynota, Anguimorpha, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Emerald Monitor
G: Smaragdwaran 
SynonymMonitor viridis GRAY 1831: 26 (nomen dubium fide MERTENS 1963)
Monitor prasinus SCHLEGEL 1839: 78
Varanus prasinus — BLEEKER 1856
Monitor beccarii DORIA 1874: 331
Varanus prasinus — BOULENGER 1885: 321
Varanus kordensis — BOULENGER 1885: 322
Varanus kordensis — BOULENGER 1895: 28
Varanus prasinus — DE ROOIJ 1915: 151
Varanus kordensis — DE ROOIJ 1915: 152
Varanus prasinus prasinus — MERTENS 1942
Varanus prasinus kordensis — MERTENS 1942
Varanus prasinus — SPRACKLAND 1991
Varanus prasinus — DE LISLE 1996: 132
Varanus prasinus — COGGER 2000: 371
Varanus kordensis — BÖHME 2002
Varanus kordensis — JACOBS 2003
Varanus (Euprepiosaurus) prasinus — ZIEGLER et al. 2007 
DistributionAustralia (Queensland), New Guinea

Type locality: Fort Du Bus and Oeroe-Langoeroe Bay (as W coast of New Guinea), Irian Jaya, Indonesia. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
TypesHolotype: RMNH 4812
Syntypes: MSNG = MCG C. E. 28723, other syntypes not found fide COGGER 1983, from Wokam (as Wokan), Aru Ils., Indonesia [Monitor beccarii] 
CommentSynonym partly after COGGER 1983 and MERTENS 1963. V. kordensis has been previously synonymzed with V. prasinus. However, JACOBS (2002) provides evidence that prasinus and kordensis are different species. 
References
  • Akeret, Beat 2014. Geschichtliches zur Haltung von Waranen in Deutschland und der Schweiz Terraria Elaphe 2014 (6): 14-21 - get paper here
  • Böhme, W. & Koch, A. 2010. On the type selection and re-typification of two monitor lizard taxa (Squamata: Varanidae): Monitor bivittatus celebensis Schlegel, 1844 and Monitor kordensis Meyer, 1874; with some comments and corrections on other name-bearing type specimens. Zootaxa 2440: 60–68
  • Boulenger, G. A. 1895. On a collection of reptiles and batrachians from Ferguson Island, D'Entrecasteaux group British New Guinea. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (6) 16: 28-32 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Vol. 2, Second edition. London, xiii+497 pp. - get paper here
  • Cogger,H.G. 2000. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 6th ed. Ralph Curtis Publishing, Sanibel Island, 808 pp.
  • Czechura, G. V. 1980. The emerald monitor Varanus prasinus (Schlegel): an addition to the Australian mainland herpetofauna. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 20: 103-109
  • De Lisle, H.F. 1996. Natural History of Monitor Lizards. Krieger, Malabar (Florida)
  • de Rooij, N. de 1915. The Reptiles of the Indo-Australian Archipelago. I. Lacertilia, Chelonia, Emydosauria. Leiden (E. J. Brill), xiv + 384 pp.
  • De Vis, C. W. 1887. On new or rare vertebrates from the Herbert River, North Queensland. Proc. Linn. Soc. N. S. W. (2) 1 (IV): 1129-1137 - get paper here
  • Doria, G. 1875. Enumerazione dei rettili raccolti dal Dott. O. Beccari in Amboina alle Isole Aru ed alle Isole Kei durante gli anni 1872-73. Ann. Mus. Civ. Stor. Nat. Genova 6: 325-357 [1874] - get paper here
  • FRÝDLOVÁ, PETRA and DANIEL FRYNTA 2010. A test of Rensch’s rule in varanid lizards. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 100: 293–306 - get paper here
  • Gray, J. E. 1831. A synopsis of the species of Class Reptilia. In: Griffith, E & E. Pidgeon: The animal kingdom arranged in conformity with its organisation by the Baron Cuvier with additional descriptions of all the species hither named, and of many before noticed [V Whittaker, Treacher and Co., London: 481 + 110 pp. [1830]
  • Hörenberg, Thomas & André Koch 2013. Die Zwergwarane der Untergattung Odatria Gray, 1838. Draco 13 (53): 6-19 - get paper here
  • Jacobs, H.J. 2002. Zur morphologischen Variabilität der nominellen Smaragdwaran-Taxa Varanus prasinus (H. SCHLEGEL 1939) und V. kordensis (A.B. MEYER 1874), mit Bemerkungen zur Erstzucht des letzteren. Herpetofauna 24 (137): 21-34 - get paper here
  • Jacobs, H.J. 2003. A further new emerald tree monitor lizard of the Varanus prasinus species group from Waigeo, West Irian (Squamata: Sauria: Varanidae). Salamandra 39 (2): 65-74 - get paper here
  • Jacobs, H.J. 2008. Zucht von Varanus reisingeri EIDENMÜLLER & WICKER, 2005 mit Vergleich der jugendkleider der V. prasinus-Gruppe und Bemerkungen zu deren Taxonomie. Sauria 30 (1): 5-12 - get paper here
  • Koch, André; Thomas Ziegler, Wolfgang Böhme, and Mark Auliya 2013. Pressing Problems: Distribution, Threats, and Conservation Status of the Monitor Lizards (Varanidae: Varanus spp.) of Southeast Asia and the Indo-Australian Archipelago. Herpetological Conservation and Biology 8 (Monograph 3):1 − 62.
  • McCurry MR, Mahony M, Clausen PD, Quayle MR, Walmsley CW, Jessop TS, et al. 2015. The Relationship between Cranial Structure, Biomechanical Performance and Ecological Diversity in Varanoid Lizards. PLoS ONE 10(6): e0130625. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0130625 - get paper here
  • Mertens, R. 1942. Die Familie der Warane (Varanidae), 3. Teil: Taxonomie. Abh. Senckenb. naturf. Ges., 466: 235-391
  • Mertens, R. 1959. Liste der Warane Asiens und der indo-australischen Inselwelt mit systematischen Bemerkungen. Senckenberg. Biol. 40: 221-240
  • Mertens, R. 1963. Liste der rezenten Amphibien und Reptilien; Helodermatidae, Varanidae, Lanthanotidae. Das Tierreich 79: i-x, 1-26
  • Meyer, A.B. 1874. [Eine Mittheilung von Hrn. Dr. Adolf Meyer] über die von ihm auf Neu-Guinea und den Inseln Jobi, Mysore und Mafoor im Jahre 1873 gesammelten Amphibien. Monatsber. K. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin 1874: 128-140 - get paper here
  • Mundhenk, K. 2008. Two Observations of Captured Green Tree Monitors (Varanus prasinus) in the Western Province of Papua New Guinea. Biawak 2 (3): 119-120 - get paper here
  • Pianka, E. R. and D. R. King, eds. 2004. Varanoid Lizards of the World. Indiana University Press, 599 pp - get paper here
  • Pianka, Eric R. 2012. Can humans share spaceship earth? Amphibian and Reptile Conservation 6 (1): 1-24 - get paper here
  • Polleck, R. 2004. Haltung und Nachzucht von Varanus prasinus prasinus (SCHLEGEL 1839). Sauria, Berlin 26 (2): 43-45 - get paper here
  • Schlegel, H. 1839. Abbildungen neuer oder unvollständig bekannter Amphibien, nach der Natur oder dem Leben entworfen und mit einem erläuternden Texte begleitet. Arne and Co., Düsseldorf, xiv + 141 pp.
  • Sprackland, R. G. 1991. Taxonomic review of the Varanus prasinus group with descriptions of two new species. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 30 (3): 561-576. - get paper here
  • Sprackland, R. G. 1995. The Emerald monitor [Varanus prasinus]. Reptilian 4 (1): 43-46 - get paper here
  • Switak, Karl H. 2006. Adventures in Green Python Country. Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 364 pp. - get paper here
  • Whittier, J.M.; Moeller, D.R. 1993. Varanus prasinus (the Emerald Goanna) on Moa Island, Torres Strait, Australia. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 34: 130.
  • Wilson,S. & Swan, G. 2010. A complete guide to reptiles of Australia, 3rd ed. Chatswood: New Holland, 558 pp.
  • Ziegler, T., Schmitz, A., Koch, A. & W. Böhme 2007. A review of the subgenus Euprepiosaurus of Varanus (Squamata: Varanidae): morphological and molecular phylogeny, distribution and zoogeography, with an identification key for the members of the V. indicus and the V. prasinus species groups. Zootaxa 1472: 1-28 - get paper here
  • Ziegler, Thomas & Böhme, Wolfgang 1996. Zur Hemiclitoris der squamaten Reptilien: Auswirkungen auf einige Methoden der Geschlechtsunterscheidung. Herpetofauna 18 (101): 11-19 - get paper here
 
External links  
Is it interesting? Share with others:


Please submit feedback about this entry to the curator