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Varanus prasinus (SCHLEGEL, 1839)

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Higher TaxaVaranidae, Platynota, Sauria (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Emerald Monitor
G: Smaragdwaran 
SynonymMonitor viridis GRAY 1831: 26 (nomen dubium fide MERTENS 1963)
Monitor prasinus SCHLEGEL 1839: 78
Varanus prasinus — BLEEKER 1856
Monitor beccarii DORIA 1874: 331
Varanus prasinus — BOULENGER 1885: 321
Varanus kordensis — BOULENGER 1885: 322
Varanus kordensis — BOULENGER 1895: 28
Varanus prasinus — DE ROOIJ 1915: 151
Varanus kordensis — DE ROOIJ 1915: 152
Varanus prasinus prasinus — MERTENS 1942
Varanus prasinus kordensis — MERTENS 1942
Varanus prasinus — SPRACKLAND 1991
Varanus prasinus — DE LISLE 1996: 132
Varanus prasinus — COGGER 2000: 371
Varanus kordensis — BÖHME 2002
Varanus kordensis — JACOBS 2003
Varanus (Euprepiosaurus) prasinus — ZIEGLER et al. 2007 
DistributionAustralia (Queensland), New Guinea

Type locality: Fort Du Bus and Oeroe-Langoeroe Bay (as W coast of New Guinea), Irian Jaya, Indonesia. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
TypesSyntypes: (3), MCG C. E. 28723, other syntypes not found fide COGGER 1983, from Wokam (as Wokan), Aru Ils., Indonesia [Monitor beccarii] 
CommentSynonym partly after COGGER 1983 and MERTENS 1963. V. kordensis has been previously synonymzed with V. prasinus. However, JACOBS (2002) provides evidence that prasinus and kordensis are different species. 
References
  • Boulenger, G. A. 1895. On a collection of reptiles and batrachians from Ferguson Island, D'Entrecasteaux group British New Guinea. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (6) 16: 28-32 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Vol. 2, Second edition. London, xiii+497 pp. - get paper here
  • Cogger,H.G. 2000. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 6th ed. Ralph Curtis Publishing, Sanibel Island, 808 pp.
  • Czechura, G. V. 1980. The emerald monitor Varanus prasinus (Schlegel): an addition to the Australian mainland herpetofauna. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 20: 103-109
  • De Lisle, H.F. 1996. Natural History of Monitor Lizards. Krieger, Malabar (Florida)
  • de Rooij, N. de 1915. The Reptiles of the Indo-Australian Archipelago. I. Lacertilia, Chelonia, Emydosauria. Leiden (E. J. Brill), xiv + 384 pp.
  • De Vis, C. W. 1887. On new or rare vertebrates from the Herbert River, North Queensland. Proc. Linn. Soc. N. S. W. (2) 1 (IV): 1129-1137 - get paper here
  • Doria, G. 1875. Enumerazione dei rettili raccolti dal Dott. O. Beccari in Amboina alle Isole Aru ed alle Isole Kei durante gli anni 1872-73. Ann. Mus. Civ. Stor. Nat. Genova 6: 325-357 [1874] - get paper here
  • FRÝDLOVÁ, PETRA and DANIEL FRYNTA 2010. A test of Rensch’s rule in varanid lizards. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 100: 293–306 - get paper here
  • Gray, J. E. 1831. A synopsis of the species of Class Reptilia. In: Griffith, E & E. Pidgeon: The animal kingdom arranged in conformity with its organisation by the Baron Cuvier with additional descriptions of all the species hither named, and of many before noticed [V Whittaker, Treacher and Co., London: 481 + 110 pp. [1830]
  • Hörenberg, Thomas & André Koch 2013. Die Zwergwarane der Untergattung Odatria Gray, 1838 Draco 13 (53): 6-19 - get paper here
  • Jacobs, H.J. 2002. Zur morphologischen Variabilität der nominellen Smaragdwaran-Taxa Varanus prasinus (H. SCHLEGEL 1939) und V. kordensis (A.B. MEYER 1874), mit Bemerkungen zur Erstzucht des letzteren. Herpetofauna 24 (137): 21-34 - get paper here
  • Jacobs, H.J. 2003. A further new emerald tree monitor lizard of the Varanus prasinus species group from Waigeo, West Irian (Squamata: Sauria: Varanidae). Salamandra 39 (2): 65-74 - get paper here
  • Jacobs, H.J. 2008. Zucht von Varanus reisingeri EIDENMÜLLER & WICKER, 2005 mit Vergleich der jugendkleider der V. prasinus-Gruppe und Bemerkungen zu deren Taxonomie. Sauria 30 (1): 5-12 - get paper here
  • Koch, André; Thomas Ziegler, Wolfgang Böhme, and Mark Auliya 2013. Pressing Problems: Distribution, Threats, and Conservation Status of the Monitor Lizards (Varanidae: Varanus spp.) of Southeast Asia and the Indo-Australian Archipelago. Herpetological Conservation and Biology 8 (Monograph 3):1 − 62.
  • Mertens, R. 1942. Die Familie der Warane (Varanidae), 3. Teil: Taxonomie. Abh. Senckenb. naturf. Ges., 466: 235-391
  • Mertens, R. 1959. Liste der Warane Asiens und der indo-australischen Inselwelt mit systematischen Bemerkungen. Senckenberg. Biol. 40: 221-240
  • Mertens, R. 1963. Liste der rezenten Amphibien und Reptilien; Helodermatidae, Varanidae, Lanthanotidae. Das Tierreich 79: i-x, 1-26
  • Meyer,A.B. 1874. [Eine Mittheilung von Hrn. Dr. Adolf Meyer] über die von ihm auf Neu-Guinea und den Inseln Jobi, Mysore und Mafoor im Jahre 1873 gesammelten Amphibien. Monatsber. K. Preuss. Akad. Wiss. Berlin 1874: 128-140 - get paper here
  • Mundhenk, K. 2008. Two Observations of Captured Green Tree Monitors (Varanus prasinus) in the Western Province of Papua New Guinea. Biawak 2 (3): 119-120 - get paper here
  • Pianka, E. R. and D. R. King, eds. 2004. Varanoid Lizards of the World. Indiana University Press, 599 pp - get paper here
  • Pianka, Eric R. 2012. Can humans share spaceship earth? Amphibian and Reptile Conservation 6 (1): 1-24 - get paper here
  • Polleck, R. 2004. Haltung und Nachzucht von Varanus prasinus prasinus (SCHLEGEL 1839). Sauria, Berlin 26 (2): 43-45 - get paper here
  • Schlegel, H. 1839. Abbildungen neuer oder unvollständig bekannter Amphibien, nach der Natur oder dem Leben entworfen und mit einem erläuternden Texte begleitet. Arne and Co., Düsseldorf, xiv + 141 pp.
  • Sprackland, R. G. 1991. Taxonomic review of the Varanus prasinus group with descriptions of two new species. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 3 (3): 561-576. - get paper here
  • Sprackland, R. G. 1995. The Emerald monitor [Varanus prasinus] Reptilian 4 (1): 43-46 - get paper here
  • Switak, Karl H. 2006. Adventures in Green Python Country. Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 364 pp. - get paper here
  • Wilson,S. & Swan, G. 2010. A complete guide to reptiles of Australia, 3rd ed. Chatswood: New Holland, 558 pp.
  • Ziegler, T., Schmitz, A., Koch, A. & W. Böhme 2007. A review of the subgenus Euprepiosaurus of Varanus (Squamata: Varanidae): morphological and molecular phylogeny, distribution and zoogeography, with an identification key for the members of the V. indicus and the V. prasinus species groups. Zootaxa 1472: 1-28 - get paper here
  • Ziegler, Thomas & Böhme, Wolfgang 1996. Zur Hemiclitoris der squamaten Reptilien: Auswirkungen auf einige Methoden der Geschlechtsunterscheidung Herpetofauna 18 (101): 11-19 - get paper here
 
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