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Varanus salvadorii (PETERS & DORIA, 1878)

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Higher TaxaVaranidae, Platynota, Varanoidea, Anguimorpha, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Crocodile Monitor 
SynonymMonitor salvadorii PETERS & DORIA 1878: 337
Varanus salvadorii — BOULENGER 1885: 334
Varanus salvadorii — DE ROOIJ 1915: 145
Varanus (Papusaurus) salvadorii — MERTENS 1962: 332
Varanus salvadorii — DE LISLE 1996: 134
Varanus (Papusaurus) salvadorii — AST 2001
Varanus (Papusaurus) salvadorii — KOCH et al. 2013
Varanus (Papusaurus) salvadorii — BUCKLITSCH et al. 2016: 50 
DistributionIndonesia (Irian Jaya), Papua New Guinea

Type locality: “Dorei, nova Guinea borealis” [= Manokwari, Irian Jaya, Indonesia].  
TypesHolotype: MSNG 28726 
EtymologyNamed after Conte Adelardo Tommaso Paleotti Salvadori (1835-1923), an eminent physician, author, educator, and ornithologist. He was Vice Director of the Museum of Zoology at Universita degli Studi di Torino (1879-1923). 
  • Augstenová, Barbora, Eleonora Pensabene, Lukáš Kratochvíl, and Michail Rovatsos. 2021. Cytogenetic Evidence for Sex Chromosomes and Karyotype Evolution in Anguimorphan Lizards. Cells 10, no. 7: 1612 - get paper here
  • Ávalos, J. de & Martínez Carrión, P. 1997. Warane. Reptilia (Münster) 2 (5): 16-21 - get paper here
  • Bauer, A.M.; Günther,R. & Klipfel,M. 1995. The herpetological contributions of Wilhelm C.H. Peters (1815-1883). SSAR Facsimile Reprints in Herpetology, 714 pp.
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Vol. 2, Second edition. London, xiii+497 pp. - get paper here
  • BUCKLITSCH, YANNICK; WOLFGANG BÖHME, ANDRÉ KOCH 2016. Scale Morphology and Micro-Structure of Monitor Lizards (Squamata: Varanidae: Varanus spp.) and their Allies: Implications for Systematics, Ecology, and Conservation. . Zootaxa 4153 (1): 001–192 - get paper here
  • Camina, A. et al. 2013. Husbandry and Breeding of the Crocodile Monitor Varanus salvadorii Peters & Doria, 1878 in Captivity. Biawak 7 (2): 56 - get paper here
  • de Rooij, N. de 1915. The Reptiles of the Indo-Australian Archipelago. I. Lacertilia, Chelonia, Emydosauria. Leiden (E. J. Brill), xiv + 384 pp. - get paper here
  • FRÝDLOVÁ, PETRA and DANIEL FRYNTA 2010. A test of Rensch’s rule in varanid lizards. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 100: 293–306 - get paper here
  • Koch A, Ziegler T, Böhme W, Arida E, Auliya M. 2013. Pressing Problems: Distribution, Threats, and Conservation Status of the Monitor Lizards (Varanidae: Varanus spp.) of Southeast Asia and the Indo-Australian Archipelago. Herp. Cons. Biol. 8 (Monograph 3): 1 − 62. - get paper here
  • Koch, Z.; Philipp, K. & Ziegler, T. 2010. The Monitor Man: A Story of Stunning Discoveries and Charismatic Creatures. Biawak 4 (4): 132-152 - get paper here
  • Lisle, H.F. de 1996. Natural History of Monitor Lizards. Krieger, Malabar (Florida)
  • McCurry MR, Mahony M, Clausen PD, Quayle MR, Walmsley CW, Jessop TS, et al. 2015. The Relationship between Cranial Structure, Biomechanical Performance and Ecological Diversity in Varanoid Lizards. PLoS One 10 (6): e0130625. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0130625 - get paper here
  • Mertens,R. 1960. Seltene gäste im Zoo: Der Papua-Waran. Kosmos 56: 547-549 [English translation in Biawak 5(1-2): 24-25] - get paper here
  • Mertens,R. 1962. Philippinosaurus, eine neue Untergattung von Varanus. Senckenbergiana biologica 43 (5): 331-333
  • Peters, Wilhem Carl Hartwig and G. Doria. 1878. Catalogo dei retilli e dei batraci raccolti da O. Beccari, L. M. D'Alberts e A. A. Bruijn. nella sotto-regione Austro-Malese. Annali del Museo Civico de Storia Naturale di Genova. ser. 1, 13: 323-450 - get paper here
  • Pianka, E. R. and D. R. King, eds. 2004. Varanoid Lizards of the World. Indiana University Press, 599 pp - get paper here
  • Pianka, Eric R. 2012. Can humans share spaceship earth? Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 6 (1): 1-24 - get paper here
  • REH, BORJA & JIM THOMAS. 2022. Range extension and new ecoregion records of the Crocodile Monitor Varanus salvadorii (Peters & Doria, 1878) (Reptilia: Varanidae) in Papua New Guinea. Journal of Threatened Taxa 14(7): 21402–21408. - get paper here
  • Schmicking & Horn, H.-G. 1997. Beobachtungen bei der Pflege und Nachzucht des Papuawarans, Varanus salvadorii (Peters & Doria, 1878). Herpetofauna 19 (106): 14-23 - get paper here
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