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Varanus semotus WEIJOLA, DONNELLAN & LINDQVIST, 2016

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Higher TaxaVaranidae, Platynota, Anguimorpha, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesMussau Monitor 
SynonymVaranus semotus WEIJOLA, DONNELLAN & LINDQVIST 2016
Varanus (Euprepiosaurus) semotus — BUCKLITSCH et al. 2016: 50 
DistributionPapua New Guinea (Mussau Island)

Type locality: north of the village of Nai, 30 September 2012, 2m elev. Mussau Island, St. Matthias group, Papua New Guinea, latitude -1.525, longitude. 149.749  
Reproduction 
TypesHolotype. ZMUT Sa176 (field nr. 60) (Figs 1–2) collected by Valter Weijola.
Paratypes. ZMUT Sa177 (field nr 64), ZMUT Sa178 (field nr 66) collected by Weijola near Nai 4 and 7 October 2012. Mussau Island, Papua New Guinea, lati- tude -1.525, longitude 149.749, ZMUC 4272 (field number E192) and ZMUC 4273 (field number E282) collected by the Noona Dan Expedition (presumably by Søren Andersen) on 19 January and 5 February 1962 at Talumalau, Mussau Island, Papua New Guinea. 
CommentSimilar species: V. finschi is the closest relative of V. semotus (also geographically the closest).

Abundance: only known from its original description (Meiri et al. 2017). 
EtymologyThe specific epithet semotus is Latin for distant or remote and refers to the isolated occurrence on Mussau, separated by several hundred kilometers from its closest relatives. 
References
  • Meiri, Shai; Aaron M. Bauer, Allen Allison, Fernando Castro-Herrera, Laurent Chirio, Guarino Colli, Indraneil Das, Tiffany M. Doan, Frank Glaw, Lee L. Grismer, Marinus Hoogmoed, Fred Kraus, Matthew LeBreton, Danny Meirte, Zoltán T. Nagy, Cristiano d 2017. Extinct, obscure or imaginary: the lizard species with the smallest ranges. Diversity and Distributions - get paper here
  • Weijola V, Donnellan SC, Lindqvist C 2016. A new blue-tailed Monitor lizard (Reptilia, Squamata, Varanus) of the Varanus indicus group from Mussau Island, Papua New Guinea. ZooKeys 568: 129-154, doi: 10.3897/zookeys.568.6872 - get paper here
  • Weijola, Valter 2017. PHYLOGENY AND TAXONOMY OF THE PACIFIC MONITOR LIZARDS (SQUAMATA: VARANUS: EUPREPIOSAURUS) ANNALES UNIVERSITATIS TURKUENSIS 334 - get paper here
 
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