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Varzea bistriata (SPIX, 1825)

IUCN Red List - Varzea bistriata - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Mabuyinae, Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesTwo-striped Mabuya 
SynonymScincus bistriatus SPIX 1825: 23
Eumeces Spixii DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1839: 642
? Mabouya agilis — GOSSE 1849: 307
Mabuya agilis — BURT & BURT 1931: 299
Mabuya mabouya mabouya — DUNN 1936: 544 (part)
Mabuya mabouya — HOOGMOED 1979: 278
Mabuya ficta REBOUCAS-SPIEKER 1981: 161
Mabuya bistriata — HOOGMOED & GRUBER 1983: 396
Mabuya bistriata — GREER et al. 2000
Mabuya bistriata — MAUSFELD et al. 2002
Varzea bistriata — HEDGES & CONN 2012: 215 
DistributionBrazil (Amazonas, E Para, Amapa, Rio de Janeiro), French Guiana, Bolivia (Beni, La Paz, Pando, Santa Cruz), Colombia ?, Trinidad ?, Jamaica (Wilson & Vogel 2000)

Type locality: "Belem, Para', Brazil'  
Reproductionviviparous. 
TypesLectotype: RMNH 2512, Paralectotype: ZSM 112/0 (lost), (designated by Hoogmoed and Gruber 1983) 
CommentAvila-Pires (1995) addressed the status of Amazonian Mabuya in what is now considered the M. mabouya species complex, but the assignment of Antillean populations remains unresolved. The name M. bistriata has also been used for a taxon that is called M. nigropunctata by Avila-Pires (1995).

Distribution: Because this species has been confused with others, some of the distribution records maybe in error. For example, the “redefined” M. bistriata does not appear to occur in Peru (where it is replaced by M. nigropunctata).

Type Species: Mabuya bistriata Spix, 1825:23 is the type species of the genus Varzea HEDGES & CONN 2012. 
EtymologyThe generic name (Varzea) is a feminine noun, from the Portugese várzea (a pre-Roman word, Iberian in origin) meaning "flooded river bank," in allusion to the apparent preferred habitat of these species. 
References
  • Avila-Pires, Teresa C.S.; Kleiton R. Alves-Silva, Laís Barbosa, Fabrício S. Correa, Jorge F. A. Cosenza, Ana Paula V. Costa-Rodrigues, Aurea A. Cronemberger, Marinus S. Hoogmoed, Geraldo R. Lima-Filho, Adriano O. Maciel, Alexandre F. R. Missassi, Lyw 2018. Changes in Amphibian and Reptile Diversity Over Time in Parque Estadual do Utinga, a Protected Area Surrounded by Urbanization Herpetology Notes 11: 499-512 - get paper here
  • Avila-Pires,T.C.S. 1995. Lizards of Brazilian Amazonia (Reptilia: Squamata). Zoologische Verhandelingen 299: 1-706 - get paper here
  • Boulenger,G.A. 1898. A list of the reptiles and batrachians collected by the late Prof. L. Balzan in Boliva. Ann. Mus. Civ. Storia Nat. Genova (2) 19: 128-133 - get paper here
  • de Massary, Jean-Christophe, Jean-Pierre Gasc and Michel Blanc 2000. The occurrence of Mabuya bistriata (Spix, 1825) (Sauria: Scincidae) in French Guiana. Herpetological Bulletin (74): 19-25. - get paper here
  • Dirksen, L. 2003. Marajó - heiss-feuchtes Amazonas-Paradies. Reptilia (Münster) 8 (40): 75-81 - get paper here
  • Dirksen, L. & De la Riva, I. 1999. The lizards and amphisbaenians of Bolivia (Reptilia, Squamata): checklist, localities, and bibliography. Graellsia 55: 199-215
  • Duellman, W.E., & Salas, A.W. 1991. Annotated checklist of the amphibians and reptiles of Cuzco Amazonico, Peru. Occas. Papers Mus. of Natur. Hist., Univ. of Kansas, Lawrence (143): 13 pp. - get paper here
  • Duméril, A. M. C. and G. Bibron. 1839. Erpétologie Générale on Histoire Naturelle Complète des Reptiles. Vol.5. Roret/Fain et Thunot, Paris, 871 pp. - get paper here
  • Gans, C. 1960. Notes on a herpetological collecting trip through the southeastern lowlands of Bolivia. Annals of the Carnegie Museum 35 (13): 288-314.
  • Gorzula, Stefan & Senaris, J. Celsa 1999. In: Contribution to the herpetofauna of the Venezuelan Guayana. I: a data base. Scientia Guaianae, Caracas, No. 8 [1998], 269+ pp.; ISBN 980-6020-48-0
  • Gosse, P. H. 1849. On the habits of Mabouya agilis. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (2) 3: 307-310 - get paper here
  • Greer, A.E., Arnold, C. & Arnold, E.N. 2000. The systematic significance of the number of presacral vertebrae in the scincid lizard genus Mabuya. Amphibia-Reptilia 21 (1): 121-126 - get paper here
  • Harvey, M.B.; Agyayo, R. & Mirelles, A. 2008. Redescription and biogeography of Mabuya cochabambae Dunn with comments on Bolivian congeners (Lacertilia: Scincidae). Zootaxa 1828: 43–56 - get paper here
  • Hedges, S.B. & Conn, C.E. 2012. A new skink fauna from Caribbean islands (Squamata, Mabuyidae, Mabuyinae). Zootaxa 3288: 1–244 - get paper here
  • Hoogmoed M.S.; de Avila-Pires T C S 1991. Annotoated checklist of the herpetofauna of Petit Saut, Sinnamary River, French Guiana. Zoologische Mededelingen 65: 53-88 - get paper here
  • Lehr, E. 2001. New records for amphibians and reptiles from Departamentos Pasco and Ucayali, Peru. Herpetological Review 32 (2): 130-132 - get paper here
  • Lehr, E. 2002. Amphibien und Reptilien in Peru. Natur und Tier-Verlag (Münster), 208 pp. - get paper here
  • Malhotra, A. & Thorpe, R.S. 1999. Reptiles & Amphibians of the Eastern Caribbean. MacMillan, London & Oxford
  • Mausfeld, Patrick; Andreas SCHMITZ; Wolfgang BÖHME; Bernhard MISOF; Davor VRCIBRADIC; Carlos Frederico Duarte ROCHA 2002. Phylogenetic Affinities of Mabuya atlantica Schmidt, 1945, Endemic to the Atlantic Ocean Archipelago of Fernando de Noronha (Brazil): Necessity of Partitioning the Genus Mabuya Fitzinger, 1826 (Scincidae: Lygosominae). Zool. Anz. 241: 281–293
  • Miralles, A.; Barrio-Amoros, C.L.; Rivas, G.; Chaparro-Auza, J.C. 2006. Speciation in the "Varzea" flooded forest: a new Mabuya (Squamata, Scincidae) from Western Amazonia. Zootaxa 1188:1-22. - get paper here
  • Miralles, A.; S. Carranza 2010. Systematics and biogeography of the Neotropical genus Mabuya, with special emphasis on the Amazonian skink Mabuya nigropunctata (Reptilia, Scincidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 54 (3): 857-869 - get paper here
  • Miralles, Aurélien 2006. A new species of Mabuya (Reptilia, Squamata, Scincidae) from the Caribbean Island of San Andrés, with a new interpretation of nuchal scales: a character of taxonomic importance. The Herpetological Journal 16 (1):1-7.
  • MIRALLES, AURÉLIEN; GILSON RIVAS FUENMAYOR, CÉLINE BONILLO, WALTER E. SCHARGEL, TITO BARROS, JUAN E. GARCÍA-PEREZ, CÉSAR L. BARRIO-AMORÓS 2009. Molecular systematics of Caribbean skinks of the genus Mabuya (Reptilia, Scincidae), with descriptions of two new species from Venezuela. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 156 (3): 598-616 - get paper here
  • Moore, Michael K. and Victor R. Townsend. 2006. Mabuya bistriata Reproduction. Herpetological Review 37 (1): 89-90 - get paper here
  • Prudente, A.L.C.; F. Magalhães; A. Menks; J.F.M. Sarmento. 2013. Checklist of Lizards of the Juruti, state of Pará, Brazil. Check List 9 (1):42-50 - get paper here
  • Reboucas-Spieker R 1981. Sobre uma nova especie de Mabuya da Amazonia Brasileira (Sauria, Scincidae). Pap. Avulsos Zool. 34 (16): 161-163
  • RIBEIRO-JÚNIOR, MARCO A., SILVANA AMARAL 2016. Catalogue of distribution of lizards (Reptilia: Squamata) from the Brazilian Amazonia. III. Anguidae, Scincidae, Teiidae Zootaxa 4205 (5): 401–430
  • Schmidt, K. E, & INGER, R. F. 1951. Amphibians and reptiles of the Hopkins-Branner expedition to Brazil. Fieldiana: Zoology 31: 439-465 - get paper here
  • Spix, J. B. von 1825. Animalia nova sive species nova lacertarum quas in itinere per Brasiliam annis MDCCCXVII-MDCCCXX jussu et auspicius Maximiliani Josephi I Bavariae Regis suscepto collegit et descripsit Dr. J. B. de Spix. Lipsiae: T. O. Weigel; F. S. Hübschmanni, Monachii, 26 pp.
  • Vitt, L. J.;Blackburn, D. G. 1991. Ecology and life history of the viviparous lizard Mabuya bistriata (Scincidae) in the Brazilian Amazon. Copeia 1991 (4): 916-927 - get paper here
  • Whiting, Alison S.; Jack W. Sites, Jr., Katia C.M. Pellegrino and Miguel T. Rodrigues 2006. Comparing alignment methods for inferring the history of the new world lizard genus Mabuya (Squamata: Scincidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 38 (3): 719-730 - get paper here
  • Wilson, B.S. & Vogel, P. 2000. A survey of the herpetofauna of the Hellshire Hills, Jamaica, including the rediscovery of the Blue-tailed Galliwasp (Celestus duquesneyi Grant). Carib. J. Sci. 36: 244-249
 
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